Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: Kenyan Spring Protection

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2014

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 01/31/2023

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is being implemented by our partner Western Water And Sanitation Forum, and includes the construction of a spring protection system. The report below comes directly from them:

Project: Lihanda spring

This spring is located in Mwiyala Village of Mahiakalo Sub location, Bukhungu Location, Lurambi Division of Lurambi Constituency within Kakamega County.

The spring is serving 200 households. The water is used for domestic purposes and watering of animals.

A small portion of the community were able to mobilize local available materials on time, however, due to the high poverty rate in this community the majority of families were not able to contribute. Despite this, the project continued as some members contributed for others and for families that could not assist with material contributions, contributed with donating time or labor to the project. WEWASAFO staff vetted the materials and certified the quality and quantity. This gesture of ownership was very encouraging to an extent that women and the youth availed themselves to support construction works on sight.

WEWAS started construction works on this spring on Monday 22nd September 2014. The community was very excited with the project simply because it came at the right time. So far, the following are the activities we have undertaken;

1. Trainings

As construction work was going on, the community is being trained on Water and Sanitation Management and Community Health workers training. These trainings will ensure ownership and sustainability of the project.

Water and Sanitation Management committee training (WSMC)

The spring management committee members were equipped with relevant skills of operation and maintenance of water points that included relevant management and leadership skills and effective monitoring and supervision of the water catchment area. This brought together a total of 21 members from the community.

The WSMC members were also equipped with skills of collection of funds and proper record keeping for operation and maintenance of the water facilities after handing over has been done.

The training was attended by a total number of 21 participants out of which 7 were male and 14 were female.

2. Community Health workers training (CHWs)

We also managed to train CHWs from the community with an intention of having community members who would champion promotion of good health and hygiene practices around Lihanda spring. They were equipped with relevant skills on health and hygiene promotion in order to reduce incidences of diarrhoeal diseases.

A total number of 20 people attended out of which 6 were males and 14 were females.

After trainings they were charged with responsibility of making home visits and public baraza to educate the community on prevention of water borne diseases through proper water handling and maintaining good hygiene.

3. Sanitation

The community was able to identify Five people that benefited from the sanitation platforms around Lihanda spring. These are:

  • Dominic Liyayi (1 male and 7 females in household)
  • Nancy Ochi (4 males and 3 femailes in household)
  • Lawi Lihanda (4 males and 3 females in household)
  • Margret Mmbone (2 males and 1 female in household)
  • Patrick Museveni (5 males and 4 females in household)

Challenges faced:

1.  Language barrier; Most of the community members were illiterate and understanding some of the concepts of the trainings was abit challenging hence the trainers resorted to using the local language and Kiswahili for better understanding.

2.  Time management; the community members did not keep time in attending the training even after setting rules instead reporting very late even up to 11.00pm.

3.  Poor attendance; the total number of the people was low due to unwillingness to learn, because most of them expected allowances while attending the training. They were also only interested in the spring protection and not the trainings.

4.  Failure to contribute the local materials; this was due to high poverty levels in the area. A few members who were able to contribute materials did so for the benefit of the project that was eventually completed successfully.

Current Status

The spring is now complete and community already making good use of it. We hope the photos capture the joy and spirit of the people in the community. Thank you to the Water Project!!!

Project Updates

06/30/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Lihanda Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Mwiyala, Kenya.

We trained community members on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


1 individual donor(s)