Timbito Spring

Water Point
Project Features
Click icons to learn more


Kenyan Spring Protection

Latitude 0.51
Longitude 34.81

480 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is being implemented by our partner Western Water And Sanitation Forum, and includes the construction of a spring protection system and sanitation platforms for latrines.


This unprotected spring is located in Timbito village, Chebwayo sub location, Chekulo location,North Kabras division in Malava constituency. The spring is serving a total number of 480 people from 60 households of which 225 are male, 240 female, and 5 disabled.

The spring also serves Timbito primary school that has no access to safe water with a population of 602 pupils and 13 teachers. This water is used for cooking, drinking, cleaning and watering animals.

Since this  spring is unprotected, it’s open to contamination from surface run off during rains, people stepping in while drawing the water and watering animals. Resulting to outbreaks of water borne diseases and most common cases are typhoid, amoeba and stomach aches.

Women and children wastes a lot of economical time waiting for the water to clear before they can fetch again and in the event of waiting there results gossips amongst the women that later leads to conflicts.

Due to lack of knowledge on proper handling of the water, it’s normally contaminated further, especially children who drink direct from the source with dirty hands while the same water is falling back in the source. This results in greater rates of diarrhea amongst children for drinking water using dirty hands and drinking water that has not been treated.

The sanitation situation amongst the community members is wanting. Most of the community members do not have latrines. The few that have are in poor state without privacy as shown above. This results in too many people using bushes in the surrounding areas. During rain seasons the wastes in bushes are washed into the unprotected water source contaminating it further. Many of these latrines are poorly situared on an up-slope from the water spring thus contaminating it.This has resulted to recurrent out breaks of water borne diseases.

Alice, one of the community members, stated that typhoid, stomach aches and diarrhea are the norm in her household. This has cost her up to Ksh 12,800 (roughly 146$ USD) treating the diseases in her family. This, she stated, had depleted the family resources and brought down her only source of income which is vegetable selling. Lack of knowledge on water handling and good hygiene practices like hand washing at critical times has also contributed to spread of water borne diseases.

The community members took their plight to the Participatory Rural appraisal resource Chair person for Malava constituency who in turn approached WEWASAFO for assistance. There is need to intervene in these community by protecting the water source that is serving many people and school children from Timbito primarily to have increased health in the community. 

The mobilization process of the community

The community sensitization, mobilization and organization activities targeted both the local leaders in the communities. This begun by sensitization of the Deputy county Commissioner who was also acting county commissioner in Kakamega county and assistant county commissioner of Malava. They were briefed on the project intervention in their areas.

This was followed up by sensitization of the local administration and village. This was aimed at creating awareness on the projects intervention in the area and also selection of the key resource persons to be trained as PRAs.

The Participatory Rural Appraisal Process

The PRA process was conducted with an objective of equipping participants with relevant skills of appraising the projects in the community and training on good leadership, management, monitoring and evaluation.

Representation was drawn from opinion leaders, community members, village administrators and other development partners working in the same area.

Mapping of the community resources was done to assist the community members identify the locally available resources within their community and contribute the same towards the project this ensures ownership and sustainability of the project. The community calendar was also done in order to identify key events in the community like market days, holidays, public meeting days and markets days. This assisted in planning for trainings and other project activities

The implementation of the Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WaSH) trainings 

The Water and Sanitation management committee training was conducted to the committee members for Timbito spring. They were equipped with relevant skills on management and maintenance of their water spring, good governance, funds collection and record keeping.

A total number of 18 people were trained out of which 8 were males and 10 were females.

After training the participants were encouraged to establish structures of management and maintenance of the water points by fencing the water points, making cut off drainages and planting indigenous trees to conserve the water.

The committee was also urged to register with the Ministry of Social services so they can access devolved funds which will enable them to engage in income generating activities and improve their livelihoods.

The Community Health workers were also selected around the springs and equipped with skills on health and hygiene promotion in villages in order to reduce incidences of water borne diseases.

A total number of 20 people attended the training of which 6 were males and 14 were females.

After trainings they were charged with responsibility of making home visits, public meeting and educate the community on practicing good hygiene practices, family planning and safe water handling in order to prevent water borne diseases.

The implementation of the hardware for that project (tanks, SP, latrines etc)

The protected spring is serving a total number of 480 people from 60 households of which 225 are male, 240 female, and 5 disabled.

The spring also serves Timbito primary school that has no access to safe water with a population of 602 pupils and 13 teachers. This water is used for cooking, drinking, cleaning and watering of animals.

In order to prevent contamination of the water sources by faeces resulting from open defecation, five vulnerable members of the community that lack toilets received sanitation platforms.

 From Timbito spring, the following members of the community received the sanitation platforms:

  • Christine Mateba serving total number of 16 people of which 7 are males and 9 are females
  • Rosemary Mbalasi serving total number of 12 people of which 8 are males and 4 are females
  • Marko Ikobia serving total number of 17 people of which 8 are males and 9 are females
  • Boniface Chilakwa serving total number of 8 people of which 3 are males and 5 are females
  • Meshack Murula serving total number of 12 people of which 7 are males and 5 are females

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

09/08/2014: Timbito Spring Protection Project Complete

We are very excited to report that the project to build a spring protection system for Timbito village in Kenya is finished.  Thank you for your patience as we waited to get your donations working. After delays and a changed location and implementation team, the project is complete, and a community is rejoicing to have clean water!  We just posted a report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4294-31

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Timbito village, Chebwayo sub location, Chekulo location,North Kabras division in Malava constituency, Kenya
ProjectID: 4294
Install Date:  09/08/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 01/19/2018

Visit History:
07/23/2015 — Functional
11/25/2015 — Functional
02/08/2016 — Functional
07/18/2016 — Functional
09/28/2016 — Functional
02/07/2017 — Functional
04/10/2017 — Needs Attention
09/26/2017 — Functional
01/19/2018 — Functional

Benedict Oruma-Skilled Mason

September, 2014

The Water Project and WEWASAFO changed my life

Benedict Oruma is one of the skilled masonry artisans working with WEWASAFO. He undertakes water and sanitation construction works in the communities and schools under the Water and Sanitation (WASH) project funded by The Water Project.

He was born in 1978 and is married to Eunice Lumiti for the last 12 years. They have three healthy boys namely Lukas 12, Barrack 8, and Leonard who is 5 years old.

Benedict Oruma is a form four-school graduate who after completing his high school did not have sufficient funds to proceed to college. He therefore started doing menial jobs in the area of unskilled labor to the masons who were undertaking construction works in his rural home area in Budalangi. “I did not know that one day my unskilled labor would become a stepping stone to changing my life,” remarked Benedict.

The water and sanitation projects that WEWASAFO manages and The Water Project funds, stipulate criteria of community contribution of 25% of the locally available materials namely, sand, ballast, hard core, bricks, poles for fencing, food and accommodation for skilled fundis (laborers) and unskilled fundis while WEWASAFO provides 75% hard ware materials and skilled laborers.

These unskilled fundis assist the skilled artisans and are simultaneously being trained, so that the masonry skills can remains within the community for future repairs and replication of the projects when the organization phases out. Benedict Oruma was selected as one of the unskilled laborers. He had some passion inside him that pushed him to keenly learn the masonry work unlike his fellow friends who were only interested in getting their daily bread.

Because of his dedication and desire, he keenly followed up the skilled fundis to various sites for 6 months till he grasped the masonry skills. WEWASAFO selected aggressive artisans to train them on the job and he was lucky to be among them and was trained for 1 week and awarded a certificate of masonry. Since he was not able to join the college due to lack of money, with the little money that he earned he enrolled at Busia Polytechnic and successfully passed the examinations of masonry.

“I want to appreciate WEWASAFO for this great opportunity they have accorded me. I am paid as a skilled contractor now. This has enabled me to purchase a piece of land in Busia and build a home for my family. I am also paying school fees for my children with a lot of ease. I have 3 sons and 2 orphaned nephews that were left by my brother when he died.”

Apart from sustaining his family he also engages in farming as a business that is also fetching him very good income.

He proudly states that he has also mentored and trained five other unskilled fundis on the job who have also graduated to skilled masonry artisans and are now undertaking construction works. This indeed is job creation at the community level that also contributes to poverty reduction that stands at 60% in Kakamega.

“I am very grateful to WEWASAFO and The Wwater Project for what they have done in my life, and I pray to God to give you good health and more funds so that you can continue supporting other projects that will improve our communities and prevent water borne diseases and also provide job opportunities to other youths like me who had no opportunity to join colleges. Long live The Water Project and WEWASAFO.”


The visit was timely and very important for the project. There was mutual benefit to the discussions and observations drawn by both teams i.e. TWP and WEWASAFO that would help improving future interventions. We, the WEWASAFO fraternity propose to have more of these monitoring visits by TWP so that we can bond more and learn from each other. Crissie was very supportive and encouraging as we visited the sites. We are humbled by her great way of doing work. 


The First Church of the Brethren
The Ricks Center for Gifted Children
Romig Middle School
Pugwash District High School
Julie McLaurine
Karen E. Black/Caleb Muller
Suburban Houston - FT. Bend Alumnae Chapter
7 individual donor(s)

Want to start your own campaign? Learn more »

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.