Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: Kenyan Spring Protection

Impact: 260 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2015

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/06/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Background Information

This unprotected spring is located in Esitundu village, Mwitumbwi sub-location, Mukhalakhala location, Mwivona Ward of Luanda Sub County within Vihiga County. The spring is serves 35 households with a total population of 260 people out of which 120 are Men and 140 are women.

The water is used of drinking, cooking, cleaning, watering animals and irrigating vegetables during the dry season.


Since the spring is unprotected its contaminated by surface run off, people stepping into the water as they fetch, animals also stepping in as they drink, and soil erosion.

During the rainy season the spring is inaccessible due to its steepness. The community, especially the children, resort to any water source that is close by and easily accessible.

As a result of this unprotected water, the community members reported that they have had many cases of water borne diseases like typhoid, diarrheal and dysentery. Children are not spared in the out breaks.

When there is an outbreak our children are the worst hit. In fact one of us lost a child due to dehydration caused by diarrhea. Kindly assist us.” Stated Leah, one of the beneficiaries.

Sanitation in this community is wanting as many people have no good latrines and those who have none usually use the bush. The old and the children do not use these old toilets with fear of falling in. As a result many have resorted to open defecation behind the houses and in the banana plantations. This was evident with fresh faeces seen and a lot of flies within the vicinity. These flies carry germs from faeces to the food in the houses increasing the chain of contamination.

Health and hygiene trainings on water handling, chain of contamination, and water borne disease topics using the CLTS approach will be very key in these communities.

The spring beneficiaries approached WEWASAFO and requested to be considered so as to reduce rates of water borne diseases after seeing the protection of Opwole spring (another project with TWP).

Results of the project:

Spring Protection

Protection of Amboye spring is complete and now in use by the community members.

Before the spring was protected, water samples from the source were taken to the Government laboratory for water quality tests.  The results revealed that the water was grossly contaminated with both coli forms and E- coli. But now since the spring is protected and there is proper conservation of the catchment area, the water source is no longer contaminated by surface run off, people stepping into the water as they fetch, or animals stepping in as they drink. The community members were also trained on other methods of water treatment before consumption like boiling. They are now confident that they are drawing clean and safe water. Cases of water borne diseases like typhoid, diarrheal and dysentery, which were initially reported by the community members, are expected to greatly reduce.

Household sanitation platforms

Sanitation platforms (cement slabs for latrine construction) for beneficiaries around the spring have been cast, installed, and are now in use by the community members. Those who benefitted from the sanitation platforms are happy to use the facilities.  The old and the children now use the new latrines without fear of falling in. Many people no longer resort to the cat style method of disposal behind the houses and in the banana plantations. When WEWASAFO wash team went back for follow up on the wash facilities, evidence of fresh faeces was not seen.

Health and hygiene trainings on good hygiene practices, water handling, chain of contamination, and water borne disease transmission using the CLTS (Community Lead Total Sanitation) approach was very key in this community.

Project Updates

June, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Amboye Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Esitundu, Kenya.

We trained community members on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!


St. Mary of the Hills Episcopal Parish