Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: Kenyan Spring Protection

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2015

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/13/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).


This unprotected spring is located in Ebushisoka village, Mulwanda location, Kisa Central ward, Khwisero District, within Kakamega County. The spring is located 100 metres away from Emunga’bo primary school. The spring serves a great number of people totaling 539 from 77 households. Of which 291 are Men and 248 are women all inclusive.

(Editor's Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


This unprotected water spring is located in a low area  and is also surrounded by bushes, increasing the risk of contamination by surface run off. Many people who lack latrines defecate in the bushes close to the water point and during the rainy season the surface run off carries the waste into the water. This has resulted to constant outbreaks of many water related diseases that including cholera, typhoid, dysentery and coughs.

Hygiene practices within the community are also poor as many people lack latrines, bathing rooms, and compost pits. Only a few had clothlines and dish racks.

The sanitation is a challenge as many people lack latrines and the few they have are in poor repair.

The community members had approached various organizations including politicians to assist them in protecting the water source but they never succeeded. Politicians took advantage of them during campaigns by promising to protect the water spring once they voted them in, which they have never fulfilled even after being elected to office. They have even went so far as to collect some funds from them.

When they learned of WEWASAFO, they approached the organization and asked to be considered for protecting the water point for them.

The beneficiaries have already organized themselves and a management committee structure is in place.  The chairman stated they are ready and willing to avail the required local materials any time if considered.


During the community trainings, which included visiting another previously protected spring, WEWASAFO wash trainers explained in detail to the community members what it means for water to be contaminated with Coliforms and E coli. At that point they understood why there were constant outbreaks of many  water borne diseases.

RESULTS OF THE PROJECT: Spring Protection.       

Protection of Narman Kulundu spring is complete and in use.  

This spring is located on the lower side  and its also surrounded by bushes thus was open to contamination by surface run off. Before it was protected, water samples was take to the government laboratory for tests. The results revealed that the water was contaminated with both coliforms and E coli. The community members were drinking this water without being aware of the danger of drinking unsafe water. Most of them thought that drawing clear water from the source was clean.

They are now happy and confident that they are getting safe drinking water from the source after protection. They are also happy that politicians will never take advantage of them again with false promises of protecting the spring for them. Sanitation and hygiene has also improved in the community. The community members are also aware of the importance of practising good hygiene.

Household sanitation platforms

Sanitation platforms for beneficiaries around the spring has been casted, installed and now in use by the community members. Those who had no latrines and were living around the spring were chosen by the committees. They were happy to receive the slabs and are now making good use of the facilities.


Project Updates

July, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Ebushisoka Community, Naman Kulundu Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Facilitators stand with the prevention reminders chart installed at the spring

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Ebushisoka, Kenya.

We trained more than 13 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Handwashing session includes setting up a tippy tap handwashing station

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Handwashing session

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.


During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.


Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Homemade mask tutorial

The Chairperson of the Water User Committee thanked participants for coming and he requested everyone to go and share what they learned with a neighbour so that the Coronavirus will not affect their village.

Trying on a mask sewn at training

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.


Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!


Scandinavians for Life
3 individual donor(s)