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The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Solar Disinfection Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Hand Washing Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Pig
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Household
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Household
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Household
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Wangula Spring
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Wangula Spring
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Mr Wangula
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Mr Wangula
The Water Project: Bukhunyilu Community -  Peris Amakube And Solomon Wangula

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 380 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

It’s 5:30am in the morning, and Peris Amakube, a mother of five, is already up. To help wake herself up, she washes her face with cool water. As the light penetrates through the banana leaves near her home, she weaves through the maize plantations to go fetch water at the spring. The women have to wake up early, for this spring serves many households – and as dawn approaches, more and more women juggle their empty containers as they walk to the spring. The idea here is first come, first served, and this is why Peris comes so early in the morning.

When back home, she makes a quick breakfast for her family and prepares the young ones to run to school. The children attend ADC Bukhunyilu Primary school, just 500 meters away. She does her household chores and after that proceeds to the farm. At around noon she is back home to prepare lunch for her family. As the children come for lunch, they rush to the spring to bring a container of water for washing the lunch utensils. In the evening after classes, they run to the spring again and the same thing is repeated day in and day out.

The people in this community are farmers who have planted maize, bananas and beans for household use.

Water

Hundreds rely on Solomon Wangula Spring’s (named that way because of the nearby landowner) water for their drinking, cooking, and cleaning. As more people fetch water throughout the day, both the quality and quantity greatly decreases. Community members even have to step into the water itself while they fill their containers.

The open water source is subjected to tons of contaminants, including human and animal waste. The quality is even worse in the rainy season, when the heavy rains wash dirt and waste straight into the water.

Due to a lack of safe drinking water, people report that diarrhea and infections are the norm – especially for young children.

Peris Amakube told us, “I wasted 3,500 shillings treating typhoid in my family this year.”

Sanitation

Less than half of households have a pit latrine. Those we visited were in such a poor state – one had even recently collapsed due to heavy rains. In the meantime, that family was sharing a latrine with their neighbor. Since so few people have their own facilities, open defecation is common. There are even less helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines.

We were pleasantly surprised to find one latrine that had a “leaky tin” hand-washing station set up outside. It’s important that every household see the need for hand-washing, and we look forward to addressing this in training.

Here’s what we plan to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/03/2018: Bukhunyilu Community Project Complete

Bukhunyilu Community now has clean water! Solomon Wangula Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

After constructing a rainwater catchment tank at ADC Bukhunyilu Primary School, the neighborhood villages were really amazed with the great work. They asked for a spring protection project because they’ve seen these same students fetch water at their own spring. Because of all this happening, community members were excited to come to the training and hear what we had to say.

Participants arrived early at the venue for the two-day training ready to learn and put into practice all they were going to be taught. Attendance was relatively impressive. We had 19 participants who were really eager to learn, despite having their own tight schedules. The participants asked questions when they couldn’t understand and insisted on knowing even more about water treatment. They all promised to be great ambassadors of hygiene and sanitation, sharing all the information with their own families and neighbors.

The field officer clearly communicated the areas of needed improvement for Bukhunyilu, which included the following topics and more:

– Handwashing and personal hygiene

– Handling water and food hygienically

– Safe waste disposal

– Water treatment

Construction at the spring had just finished, and so the entire group walked over there for hands-on demonstrations. They learned how to properly use, manage, and maintain Solomon Wangula Spring. More importantly, they learned how to fetch, handle, and store clean water so as to ensure it’s still clean at the time of consumption.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms were installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine all their own, and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all the required locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Cleaning and plastering the base of the spring.

The source area was filled up with clean gravel and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

Since the concrete around the spring needed time to dry, we set a day to meet community members there and celebrate. This wasn’t only a chance to celebrate the concrete drying, but clean water, too!

People brought their containers to fetch clean water for the first time.

“May God guide you to continue building more sanitation facilities and protecting springs in community and schools in Kenya,” Farmer Isaac Achesa said.

“Thank you, thank you, thank you!”


The Water Project : 18-kenya18085-clean-water


02/23/2018: Bukhunyilu Community Project Underway

Bukhunyilu Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Wangula Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 6-kenya18085-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

2 individual donor(s)