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The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Khamala Latrine
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Mr Francis Khamala
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Dish Rack And Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shibuli Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 240 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A day starts at 6am when the women get up and go out to milk the cows. After some cleaning chores, they prepare breakfast and get their children out for school. The men leave for the nearest shopping center, most of them being motorbike operators who taxi people for extra income. The women spend the bigger part of their days on the farm.

Sugarcane is planted on a large scale, but it’s still not enough for supporting an average family. Both women and men have to take odd jobs throughout the year.

Water Situation

Khamala Spring is the only water source in this part of Shibuli. Women and children go their with their jerrycans to fetch drinking, cooking, and cleaning water for their families. They also have to bring along a smaller container to bail water, since the jerrycan can’t dunk all the way around the surface.

This water is so contaminated, with debris visibly floating on the surface. The spring is located in a grassy area, and anything that falls in the water has to be sieved out.

Mr. Danial Khamala said, “The current health situation is very bad. Since it is the rainy season, mosquitoes breed in any pool of stagnant water and we get sick. The spring we have is like a deposit for all sorts of dirt due to surface runoff, though the water is now in plenty, it’s safety for use is the main problem – we do not know how to manage.”

Sanitation Situation

Over half of households around Khamala Spring have a pit latrine made of mud. These don’t have doors for privacy, and some are falling apart. Open defecation is an issue; sometimes the oldest and youngest of people prefer the privacy behind bushes when contrasted with the smell and danger found when using a pit latrine.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

02/23/2018: Shibuli Community Project Underway

Shibuli Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation! Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Khamala Spring, and contend with the consequences on a daily basis. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training.

Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families here. Please take some time to get to know your community through the narrative and pictures posted to this page. We look forward to reaching out again with good news!

The Water Project : 3-kenya18088-current-water-source

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


1 individual donor(s)