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The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  All Smiles For Safe Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Collecting Safe Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Posing With Protected Spring
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Concrete Drying At Nearly Completed Spring
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Sanitation Platform Concrete Down
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Laying Brick At The Spring
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Workers With Gathered Materials For Spring Protection
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Learning About Caring For Spring
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  The Facilitaor Demonstrates Hand Washing As Participants Watch
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Faciitator Explaining The Dos Anddonts Of Solar Disinfection Of Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Anaya Minayo
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Dish Rack And Households
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Mosquito Net Being Used As Fencing
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Girl Splitting Firewood
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Jane Musembe
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Homestead
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Alice Carrying Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Alice Fetching Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Dunking A Jerrycan
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Joseph Fetching Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Joseph Fetching Water
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Joseph Ingara Spring
The Water Project: Chandolo Community -  Joseph Ingara At His Homestead

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jul 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/28/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

Chandolo Community is covered with farms where maize, cassava, tea, and beans are grown. People also raise chickens, ducks, dairy cows and goats, and many other animals.

30 households have established themselves around Joseph Ingara Spring, which serves as their main water source. Most of the young children attend nearby Chandolo Primary School, where we’ve already installed a water source.


Though there’s plenty of water to serve 30 households flowing from Joseph Ingara Spring, this water is dirty. The quality is especially bad after the rains wash dirt and all kinds of waste into the water.

The spring pools deep enough for users to dunk their 20-liter jerrycans under the surface. These are held under until full and carried back home on their heads. Water is fetched throughout the day as it’s needed because homes don’t have larger storage containers.

Not only do these continuous trips waste a lot of time, but they result in illnesses too. Waterborne disease is normal news for those living in Chandolo.

“The biggest setback here is the shortage of safe, clean and adequate water. The water gets dirty as containers are dipped into it. Users have suffered various types of waterborne diseases such as diarrhea,” Mrs. Jane Musembe said.


Less than half of households have a pit latrine. Most of these are made of log floors, mud walls, and iron-sheet roofs. These pits are left uncovered when not in use and thus smell terrible, attracting flies that spread disease throughout the community. Open defecation is a huge issue in this community both for the families who lack latrines and those who have them and just don’t want to use them.

Here’s what we plan to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will teach participants about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also inform the community about what they need to contribute to make the construction for this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Finally, a committee will be formed that oversees operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior and delegate tasks that will help preserve the water point, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water, which means the water will be safe, clean, and adequate.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female community members like Jane by giving them more time and efforts to engage in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

07/02/2018: Chandolo Community Has Safe Water!

Chandolo Community now has clean water! Joseph Ingara Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene. These things unlock the opportunity for people to live healthier lives.

New Knowledge

Mr. Josphat Nyadaya was our contact person as we planned for hygiene and sanitation training in Chandolo. We were able to choose a date that was comfortable with most of the community members. The session took place at Rose Ingara’s home which since it had a good shady spot where everyone could sit comfortably.

The facilitator demonstrates handwashing as participants watch

The turnout was great, with more people showing up than we expected. The weather was sunny and everyone was comfortable.

Participation from the participants was great; they asked questions and took an active part in all the activities.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Facilitator explaining the Dos and Don’ts of solar disinfection of water

The participants were so eager to learn how to treat water and were so inquisitive when it came to solar water disinfectant. They all agreed that it was the easiest way in which they could treat their water as they would not have to sit and wait for the water to boil.

The participants were taken to the spring so they could see different things they could do to take good care of it. They were also told to always report any issue with us so we could repair it in a timely fashion. There was also a committee that was formed in order to take care of the spring and to ensure certain usage rules are followed.

Learning about caring for spring

“We are very happy about this project and for the hygiene training that we have gotten. There are a lot of things that we had no information about but now we have it,” Mrs. Anaya Minayo said.

“We promise to take care of this facility and for whatever we have been told, we will practice them.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Protection of Joseph Ingara spring has come as a blessing to this community. Even coming together to gather the local construction materials brought a unity that has never been experienced in this village.

“We are very pleased with this water point and we will really take good care of it. We know where we have come from with the water problem such that we cannot afford to joke around it when the problem has been solved,” Mr. Naboth Manase said.

The Water Project : kenya18093-posing-with-protected-spring

04/21/2018: Chandolo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Joseph Ingara Spring is making people in Chandolo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 3-kenya18093-joseph-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!