Chandolo Community is covered with farms where maize, cassava, tea, and beans are grown. People also raise chickens, ducks, dairy cows and goats, and many other animals.
30 households have established themselves around Joseph Ingara Spring, which serves as their main water source. Most of the young children attend nearby Chandolo Primary School, where we've already installed a water source.
Though there's plenty of water to serve 30 households flowing from Joseph Ingara Spring, this water is dirty. The quality is especially bad after the rains wash dirt and all kinds of waste into the water.
The spring pools deep enough for users to dunk their 20-liter jerrycans under the surface. These are held under until full and carried back home on their heads. Water is fetched throughout the day as it's needed because homes don't have larger storage containers.
Not only do these continuous trips waste a lot of time, but they result in illnesses too. Waterborne disease is normal news for those living in Chandolo.
"The biggest setback here is the shortage of safe, clean and adequate water. The water gets dirty as containers are dipped into it. Users have suffered various types of waterborne diseases such as diarrhea," Mrs. Jane Musembe said.
Less than half of households have a pit latrine. Most of these are made of log floors, mud walls, and iron-sheet roofs. These pits are left uncovered when not in use and thus smell terrible, attracting flies that spread disease throughout the community. Open defecation is a huge issue in this community both for the families who lack latrines and those who have them and just don't want to use them.
Here’s what we plan to do about it:
Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will teach participants about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.
Training will also inform the community about what they need to contribute to make the construction for this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.
Finally, a committee will be formed that oversees operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior and delegate tasks that will help preserve the water point, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.
On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.
Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water, which means the water will be safe, clean, and adequate.
Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female community members like Jane by giving them more time and efforts to engage in income-generating activities.
This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.