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The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Melody
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Mosquito Nets Being Used As Fencing
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Clothes Drying On Bushes
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  A Woman At Her Home
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Amos Washing His Clothes By Spring
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Bumavi Community A -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Fetching water, cultivating land, shepherding animals, going to prayer meetings, smearing houses with cow dung to keep away jiggers, picking tea, and brewing and drinking alcohol are some of the daily activities that take place in Bumavi. Many local men have embraced alcohol, leaving the brunt of hard work to their wives. These women must work extraordinarily hard to provide food, do chores, and pay school fees for their children. When the children are out of school, they work alongside their mothers.


This community has tried to get clean water for years. They’ve known that if they protect Esther Spring, water will no longer be contaminated. Unfortunately, this area has been ravaged by malaria and HIV/AIDS, and money dwindles as people care for their loved ones.

Thus, the dirty water from Esther Spring must meet everybody’s needs, from drinking to cleaning. Community members constantly suffer from diarrhea. If they could afford go to the clinic for help each time, they’d most likely be diagnosed with typhoid.

Hygiene and Sanitation

Less than half of families living in this part of Bumavi have a pit latrine. The ones we observed are almost full, with very wide pits that endanger small children. Some don’t even have doors, so there’s no privacy. Because of these poor conditions, some families who have a latrine don’t even use them. The other families either share with a neighbor or seek the privacy found behind other buildings or bushes.

Hand-washing is not practiced here, nor are there many sanitation tools like dish racks or clotheslines for keeping things off the ground and clean.

Melody Andaye said, “This community is dirty everywhere, and we shall prevent many diseases caused by poor health as a result of the training that you will bring.”

Here’s what we plan to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training to give them a chance to learn about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Hand-washing will also be a big topic. And since open defecation was encountered here, this is at the top of our list of things to address. Waste always needs to be disposed of properly, or else it will be spread by flies or rainwater.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Training will inform the committee and the rest of the community about what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower female community members like Melody by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

03/16/2018: Bumavi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Esther Spring is making people in Bumavi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 1-kenya18095-current-water-source

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!