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The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Thumbs Up For Safe Water
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Ainea Bukachi Enjoying Clean Water
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  All Smiles For Clean Water
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Checking Out Protected Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Excited For New Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Clean Water Flows Into Jerrican
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Completed Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  New Latrine Platform Done
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  New Latrine Platform Dries
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Spring Protection Underway
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Clearing Spring For Protection
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Community Members Bring Materials At The Construction Site
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Sinking A Pit For Sanplat Installation
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Trainer Describes How To Care For The Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Training Demonstration
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Solar Disinfection Demonstration
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  A Child Enjoying A Fruit At The Training
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Dangerous Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Inside A Kitchen
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Mosquito Net Fence
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Household
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Phoebe Khayatsi Is The Wife To The Landowner
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Container Put Out For Rain
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Ainea Bukachi Uses Water From Josam Kutsuru Spring To Wash His Motorbike
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Woman Heading To The Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Bring Laundry To Do At The Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Bring Laundry To Do At The Spring
The Water Project: Emwanya Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 425 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/28/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

As the sun rises, the people of Emwanya village are already up doing their daily chores. Many Emwanya residents do odd jobs to keep life moving on. Watchmen can be seen still in their uniforms heading to their homes, those who ride motorcycles are also up, some with children taking them to school while others carrying teachers to their schools. Some men can be seen with hoes headed to farms, some digging on their own farms but most of them hire themselves out to labor on other’s farms.

Women remain home to do chores and work on their own kitchen garden full of vegetables. Some women are seen looking for firewood to start preparing breakfast, while others rush to collect water and come back balancing buckets of water on their heads. After morning chores, those who do small businesses in the village center are seen carrying heavy bags full of stock for their kiosks.


Hundred of people rely on Josam Kutsuru Spring for all of their water. It’s brought back home for cooking, cleaning, drinking, and irrigating during the dry months. However, Josam Kutsuru Spring is an pool of water completely open to contamination. Its water is always murky, and the quality is especially poor when rainwater washes tons of dirt, waste, and chemicals into the water.

After drinking this water, it’s normal to have an upset stomach accompanied with diarrhea.


Less than a quarter of nearby households have a pit latrine. The few latrines we were able to visit are in very poor condition – made of wooden floors that are near impossible to clean. The families who don’t have a pit latrine are using the bushes instead. Even the village center doesn’t have a latrine.

There’s nowhere to wash your hands, nor are there many helpful sanitation tools like dish racks or clotheslines to dry things safely off the ground.

“If only we could get someone to teach us about the importance of good hygiene and sanitation, we wouldn’t be going through the problems we are currently facing. Our people are just too ignorant, that’s why we suffer so much, if only we could find someone to talk about hygiene then make people practice good health,” Mrs. Jane Amimo said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

07/24/2018: Emwanya Community Has Clean Water!

Emwanya Community now has clean water! Josam Kutsuru Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

The participants were mobilized by Mr. Justus Kwendo, chairperson of the water user committee, who requested them to create time out of their busy schedules to learn how to manage the spring and also get insight on health matters. The participants for the training were drawn from the area in which the spring is located.

Attendance was comprised of people from every age bracket, which is what the trainer had requested. Both genders were equal in number, too. Children didn’t have school on the day of that training, so most of them attended the workshop.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Solar disinfection demonstration

Children were most active, as they kept on raising hands to ask questions concerning different aspects of health. The youth and adults in the meeting gave them maximum support and even participated in answering many of the questions posed by the young ones.

“We have been so careless on how to handle personal health and even our environment has always been dirty. One thing we have to know is that nobody will come to practice good health or maintain the facilities for us. The facilitators have helped us to get information, and we must practice it. Let me hope everyone will play their part to ensure our community gets better and better,” Mrs. Rebecca Lwamba said.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor.

Community members bring materials at the construction site

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

A fence has been constructed to shield animals and people from getting close to the water source and stepping on it, to avoid contamination and reduction in water discharge. Grass has been planted upstream to preserve that water.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

“This water is very clean, and we shall also save time when we come to fetch because there are two discharge pipes,” Ms. Dianah Kutsuru said.

“This means that two people will draw water at the same time, not like before protection where we used to wait for one person to get water, and also give it time to settle before another person fetches. That time will be saved and used for doing other productive activities.”

Construction of Josam Kutsuru Spring has left the community members more united than they were before.

The Water Project : kenya18103-excited-for-new-spring

04/20/2018: Emwanya Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Josam Kutsuru Spring is making people in Emwanya Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more. Since actual construction is starting a little later than planned, we’ve moved the expected completion date back to 8/31.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 5-kenya18103-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Fusion Youth
6 individual donor(s)