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The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Spring Protection Excavation
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  New Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Leaky Tin Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Building A Leaky Tin Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Coming To Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Bowls And Utensils
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Natural Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Cow And Clothesline
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Farm
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  House
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Mr Shikunyi
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Shikunyi Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/01/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

The 150 people who live in this community live on subsistence farming.  Each day both men and women can be seen cultivating their fields of groundnuts, maize, beans, and sugarcane. Some own cows and take them out to graze on grass, for milk production. Women have the added responsibility to care for the children and tend to household chores, including fetching water for the family.


The source of water for all community needs is Shikunyi Spring. The villagers sank a pipe in the ground where the water pours out so that people can more easily fill their containers.

This spring never dries up and is high-yielding – which is a good situation. However, it is at the bottom of sloping land and is contaminated by surface runoff carrying garbage, pesticides, insects, bacteria and whatever else is on the ground in that area – a bad situation.

There is no treatment of the water before use or consumption. Even though the community members clean their containers with soap, they suffer from waterborne diseases because of the water itself.

“We really need clean water so that we don’t spend much money treating waterborne disease,” said Mr. Peter Odinga, a 23-year old farmer.


The majority of households have pit latrines. Some latrines are built with cement or mud blocks and covered with iron sheets or thatch. Some are well-maintained while others are dirty and covered with flies. However, about a quarter of families are sharing a pit latrine.

Presently, only 50% of the homes have tools like dish racks and clotheslines.  None have hand-washing stations. They try to keep their homesteads clean, yet, dispose of their garbage on the ground in their backyards and farms.

What we can do about it:


There will be a 2-day hygiene and sanitation training session requiring participation by community members.  The objective of this training is to empower them with skills and knowledge on sanitation and hygiene for effective and sustainable livelihoods and management of water sources.

PHAST, CLTS, ABCD, Group Discussion, Lecture, Handouts, Transect Walk, and demonstrations will all be used to train the community

Sanitation Platforms

Mwituwa village members will select five of their families to benefit from latrines and these will be installed in homes that are in dire need of them.

Spring Protection

The community stands prepared to provide the locally available materials such as crushed rocks and gravel, clean sand, poles for fencing, two unskilled laborers and accommodation and food for the skilled artisan.  After the installation of protective measures, the community will be responsible for the maintenance of the water source.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure and allow the community to invest more of their time and energies in economically productive activities as well as family relationships. These villagers are eager to step into healthier and happier lives!

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

08/15/2018: Mwituwa Community Project Complete

Mwituwa Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Shikunyi Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We worked closely with our contact person Mr. Peter Odinga to plan a hygiene and sanitation training in Mwituwa Community. It was a chilly, cloudy morning on our way to teach but by the time we got there, the sun had come out. There were 15 community members there, only one of which was a man. We anticipated many more people, but there was an unexpected funeral that morning. We are accustomed to there not being many men since they traditionally view women as most responsible for getting water and hygiene-related chores done.

Wait for me, I’m just a little late!

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

We talked a lot about water pollution. Community members were educated on what water pollution means, the elements that make water unsafe for human consumption, and the effects of consuming water that is polluted. They were able to learn ways to stop water pollution, like constructing latrines away from water sources, carrying water in covered containers, and not sitting on water containers while waiting their turn!

Women were so invested in this topic, wanting to learn why, despite their hardest efforts, children were falling sick.

People have already started building their own versions of the leaky tins we introduced, which are used to wash hands with a conservative amount of water.

Mrs. Selfah Onyango standing by the leaky tin she put up outside her latrine.

“With the training we received, we will be able to take care of our spring because now we have learned about things that make our spring get dirty or even run dry,” said Mrs. Selfah Onyango.

“This information will see this spring serve several generations to come.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. The concrete dried over the course of two weeks.

Shikunyi Spring was a total success despite the challenges that came with heavy rains. The artisans were rained on but they endured. The community members were very supportive and provided any help we asked for.

The young children could not hide their excitement and would just sit around watching our artisan work.

We were left in laughter when two girls ran home to bring jerrycans to get water simply because they had seen some flowing from the discharge pipe. The water was muddied since construction was underway, so one of the local community members named Martin asked them to stop and wait a little longer. Indeed, the project is a dream come true for this community.

“We and our children are safe now because we used to share this water even with the animals! We would get different diseases,” said Jane Osundwa.

“So far it’s still like a dream. I never imagined that there could come a day when we could have this kind of clean water to use in our homes.”

The Water Project : 19-kenya18018-spring-protection

06/28/2018: Mwituwa Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Shikunyi Spring is making people in Mwituwa Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 3-kenya18108-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Town School for Boys
Harmony Endowment Foundation
Campaign for Water

And 2 other fundraising page(s)
2 individual donor(s)