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The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Bowls And Utensils
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Natural Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Cow And Clothesline
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Farm
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  House
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Mr Shikunyi
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community -  Shikunyi Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

The 150 people who live in this community live on subsistence farming.  Each day both men and women can be seen cultivating their fields of groundnuts, maize, beans and sugarcane. Some own cows and feed them on grass for milk production. Women have the added responsibility to care for the children and tend to household chores, including fetching water for the family.

Water Situation

The source of water for all community needs is Shikunyi Spring. The villagers have sunk a pipe in the ground where the water had been oozing out so that they could more easily fill a container.  This spring never dries up and is high-yielding – which is a good situation. However, it is at the bottom of sloping land and is thus contaminated by surface runoff carrying garbage, pesticides, insects, bacteria and whatever else is on the ground in that area – a bad situation. There is no treatment of the water before use or consumption. Even though they community members clean their containers with soap, they suffer from waterborne diseases because of the water itself.

“We really need clean water so that we don’t spend much money treating water borne disease,” said Peter Odinga, a 23-year old farmer.

Sanitation Situation

The majority of households have pit latrines. Some latrines are built with cement or mud blocks and covered with iron sheets or thatch. Some are well-maintained while others are dirty and covered with flies. However, about a quarter of families are sharing a pit latrine.

Presently, only 50% of the homes have tools like dish racks and clotheslines.  None have hand-washing stations. They try to keep their homesteads clean, yet, dispose of their garbage on the ground in their backyards and farms.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

There will be a 2-day hygiene and sanitation training session requiring participation by community members.  The objective of this training is to empower them with skills and knowledge on sanitation and hygiene for effective and sustainable livelihoods and management of water sources.

PHAST, CLTS, ABCD, Group Discussion, Lecture, Handouts,Transect Walk and demonstrations will all be used to train the community

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

Mwituwa village members will select five of their families to benefit from latrines and these will be installed in homes that are in dire need of them.

Plans: Spring Protection

The community stands prepared to provide the locally available materials such as crushed rocks and gravel, clean sand, poles for fencing, two unskilled laborers and accommodation and food for the skilled artisan.  After the installation of protective measures, the community will be responsible for the maintenance of the water source.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure and allow the community to invest more of their time and energies in economically productive activities as well as family relationships. These villagers are eager to step into healthier and happier lives!

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!