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The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Filling Behind The Spring Protection
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Bringing Rocks To The Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Spring Protection Excavation
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Trainer With Participants
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Tippy Tap Installation Lessons
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Dish Drying Rack Demonstration
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Community Members Listen During Traing
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Peeking In A Kitchen
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  A Backyard
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Jesca And Her Kids At Home
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Community Children
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Jesca And Little Benta
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Containers
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mwituwa Community A -  Fetching Water

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 120 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/01/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

About 90 people live in this village in Kakamega County. They have small farms to grow maize, groundnuts, beans and sugarcane. Some people have ventured into large scale farming of sugarcane for the local sugar industry. Cows are kept for milk. Some villagers engage in small businesses at their local trading center.


Mwituwa Community relies on Nanjira Spring to get water for cooking, cleaning, and watering gardens. A small pipe has been pushed into the area where the water trickles out, under which they can hold their containers until full. It takes a while to fill a large container, and the water is contaminated by feces, farming chemicals, and other waste – all of which are washed down a steep slope when it rains.

Knowing how filthy this water is, many mothers travel quite a long distance to find clean water. Since Nanjira Spring has a great output and flows all year, it is a great candidate for protection! This will save these women the hours wasted traveling to other communities for clean water.


The situation here is not as bad as some other places. More than half of households have some sort of sanitation facilities. Some are better constructed than others, but they’re there. Other than latrines, there are dish racks, clotheslines, and even a couple of hand-washing stations.

It’s not that these facilities aren’t there, but they are not maintained or cleaned on a regular basis. However, Grace Olei admits that there’s still a long way to go.

“Our people need much training on sanitation and hygiene to enable them to take good care of their families especially the children to avoid falling sick,” she said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

07/24/2018: Safe Water for Mwituwa Community!

Mwituwa Community now has clean water! Nanjira Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Local church deacon Moses Olei was our contact person as we planned for hygiene and sanitation training in Mwituwa. He was able to mobilize the community members to attend the training. Every community member was allowed to attend the training since there was no age limit. The participants for the training were drawn from the area in which the spring is located.

The attendance was affected by farm work. It is the farming season, and so many community members were on their farms and felt they couldn’t sacrifice that time. But everyone that came participated fully since they were so happy with the spring protection that we had already been finished. At first, they thought we would stand there and lecture them, but they were happy to find out it was a participatory training.

Dish drying rack demonstration

The training was a success and there were no challenges. We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Tippy tap installation training

“I store my water for several days for future use and sometimes keep adding more whenever it rains. Little did I know that I am supposed to drain the container after three to four days, clean it and store fresh water. Now I understand why my family keeps on having health complications. I have truly got an insight here,” Grace Oleyi said.

Sanitation Platforms

Laying cement for sanitation platform

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Digging drainage ditch

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor.

Laying brick at spring protection

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. In fact, patience was required throughout the process because of the bouts of rain every other day.

“It is so easy now to draw water. I can even my child to bring with me. The quantity of water from the spring has even increased. You have made work easier and our lives more comfortable,” Mrs. Beatrice Opango said.

The Water Project : 15-kenya18109-clean-water

04/18/2018: Mwituwa Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Nanjira Spring is making people in Mwituwa Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 1-kenya18109-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Our Redeemer Lutheran Church
Faith Chapel
T House Cape Town
Harmony Endowment Foundation
42 individual donor(s)