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The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Fetching Safe Water
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Posing In Front Of Protected Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Community Members Inspect Completed Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Jerricans Fill With Clean Water
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  New Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Bricking And Cementing The Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Preparing Spring For Protection
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Gathered Materials For Spring Protection
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Training Attendees
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Community Training
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Community Members Listen During Training
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Woman Coming Back From The Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Firewood Collection
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Stones Used For Construction
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Cassava Farm
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Ground Nut Farm
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Woman Working On Her Farm
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Masera Community A -  Students Coming Home To Eat Lunch

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 420 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

It is the women who wake up earliest in the morning to prepare for the day. They prepare their children for school before starting other chores like collecting firewood, washing clothes, sweeping, farming and fetching water from the unprotected spring.

Most people in the community are involved in farming. They grow maize, beans, ground nuts, vegetables, bananas, sweet potatoes, sugarcane and cassava. They also keep cattle, sheep and goats. Men are involved in making bricks to sell to the numerous construction projects going on nearby.

Some people have small retail shops from where other community members buy their household items. The people living in this community profess either Islam or Christianity.

Water

It takes people about 30 minutes to get to the spring. On some occasions, there are so many people already there waiting to draw water. This means that the women spend a number of hours between getting to and waiting at the water source. What’s worse is that all this effort and time is spent just for dirty water, since there’s no alternative in the area.

When a person first arrives at the spring, they use a small container to scrape the surface, removing all algae and other floating debris. Once it appears clearer, they’ll use their small bowls to fill their larger jerrycans.

The village elder and people themselves recounted constant struggles with water and hygiene-related illnesses. Mrs. Farida Salim said, “Since I was born, this spring has served many people. However, it has also been neglected for a long time, for not much has been done to protect the water. You have come at the right time. The day our water is protected will be one of the happiest days of my life.”

Sanitation

Less than half of households have their own pit latrines made of mud and old rusty iron sheets. A few households have set up the same kind of iron sheets to form a bathing shelter. None, however, have a dedicated place to wash hands after using the latrine or before eating a meal. Very few people use dish racks and clotheslines, with the rest letting their items dry out on the dirty ground.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


07/24/2018: Masera Community Spring Protected!

Masera Community now has clean water! Salim Hassan Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

The owner of the land, Mrs. Farida Salim, was instrumental in mobilizing the community members for hygiene and sanitation training. She was also our main contact person between the field officer and the entire community. The participants were recruited mainly from the households that draw water from the protected spring.

Training attendees

The number of community members who turned out for the training was below our expectations. The expected number was around 20 participants, but just 12 people came. The low turnout could have been because of the prevailing farming season where most community members were either on their own farms or working on other people’s farms for payment.

Community members listen during training

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Handwashing demonstration

The participants were excited and actively participated during the training sessions. They were receptive to the new knowledge on water and sanitation. They acknowledged that there are many things concerning personal hygiene that they never knew or had taken for granted. They appreciated the fact that the training would help them raise standards in Masera.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Men and women lent their time and strength to assist the artisan with manual labor. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

A man breaks up rocks into smaller stones for the artisan to use in construction.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Community members look on as the artisan makes final touches to the spring protection.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

The community members held a meeting to mark the completion and commissioning of the protected spring. The event was marked with prayer and thanksgiving.

“From now on, the community can access clean, safe and secure water,” an elated Mr. Derrick Musalia, a member of the community and beneficiary to the protected spring, explained.


The Water Project : kenya18112-posing-in-front-of-protected-spring


04/27/2018: Masera Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Salim Hassan Spring is making people in Masera Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 10-kenya18112-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

MuslimsForPeace
North Dunedin Baptist Church
Bruce Hayes #997571901001
ArtiKen
In honor of Ella C. for her birthday!
25 individual donor(s)