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The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Doing Laundry
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Pig
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Household
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Helping Each Other
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Mary At The Spring
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Mary Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Anekha Spring
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Path To The Spring
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Mary By Her Water Containers
The Water Project: Ejinja Community -  Mary At Her Home

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Funded - Project Initiated
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day in Ejinja begins very early in the morning around 6am. Many of the men get straight to doing casual work like making bricks or motorbike taxiing. During the rainy season, they’ll sometimes be delayed as they escort their children to school, for the way is dark and overgrown.

The women wake up to prepare their children for school, fetch water from the spring, and do general cleaning of the compound before gardening. Laziness isn’t glimpsed in this community; everyone is busy doing something.

We started working with Ejinja Community through one of our school projects. We were talking with students about where they get their water when they’re home, and one of them led us here.

Water Situation

Community members living in Ejinja rely on Anekha Spring to provide all of their water. The water bubbles to the surface, and so they’ve placed a metal pipe there to make it easier to fill a container. Since the water behind the pipe isn’t protected, it is subject to the rain washing over contaminants like fertilizer, feces, and other types of waste.

Mrs. Timinah Andega said, “For a long time we have had water problems. During the rainy season we cannot get water, for it is usually too muddy and with a lot of sand which is not suitable for consumption. Due to this problem, most of our children have had problems with diarrhea, making it difficult for them to go to school. The elderly also cannot do development work like farming, for after getting the water without being treated many complain of stomachaches. Our health situation is very bad.” Bilharzia, typhoid, and cholera are all common here.

Sanitation Situation

While the majority of households have pit latrines, there’s still a handful who don’t. Those without their own most often share one with their neighbor. Most of these are made of mud.

There are no hand-washing stations, but a great number of families are using other tools like clotheslines and dish racks.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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