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The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Household
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Household
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Community
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  On The Way To Fetch Water

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 105 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most of the 100 people in Burachu B Village of Kakamega County are peasant farmers. They grow sugarcane to sell to local sugar factories and maize to meet their personal food needs.


The women go to fetch water from the unprotected spring early in the morning before the scorching sun comes up. Even so, some days they must go to Shitende Spring at least three times.

The photos show them standing in the pool of water as they dip their containers in.


Even when the water looks clear, we know that the water is contaminated as it is completely unprotected from rainwater that washes dirt, chemicals, and animal feces into the water. Cholera, typhoid and diarrhea plague the community on an ongoing basis.


The latrines are in bad shape as most structures are made of mud. The roofs are made of thatched grass. The holes to squat over are not favorable for children, as they are too big.

There are no hand-washing stations in this village, but most households have some form of sanitation tool like a dish rack or clothesline – although some people still dry their clothes on the ground.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

04/27/2018: Burachu B Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Shitende Spring is making people in Burachu B Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 4-kenya18116-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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