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The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Field Officer Jemmimah At Finished Spring
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Preparing The Construction Area
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Preparing The Construction Area
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Preparing Materials For Artisan
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Carrying Materials To The Spring
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Carrying Materials To The Spring
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training Group Pictures At The Spring
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Spring Management And Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Household
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Household
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Community
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Burachu B Community -  On The Way To Fetch Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 105 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 11/06/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Most of the 100 people in Burachu B Village of Kakamega County are peasant farmers. They grow sugarcane to sell to local sugar factories and maize to meet their personal food needs.

Water

The women go to fetch water from the unprotected spring early in the morning before the scorching sun comes up. Even so, some days they must go to Shitende Spring at least three times.

The photos show them standing in the pool of water as they dip their containers in.

Even when the water looks clear, we know that the water is contaminated as it is completely unprotected from rainwater that washes dirt, chemicals, and animal feces into the water. Cholera, typhoid and diarrhea plague the community on an ongoing basis.

Sanitation

The latrines are in bad shape as most structures are made of mud. The roofs are made of thatched grass. The holes to squat over are not favorable for children, as they are too big.

There are no hand-washing stations in this village, but most households have some form of sanitation tool like a dish rack or clothesline – although some people still dry their clothes on the ground.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/06/2018: Burachu B Community Project Complete

Burachu Community now has clean water! Shitende Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was organized in the early days of our visiting Burachu. During community engagement, the field officer was able to remind community members of the training, working together to set a specific date. Being a farming community, farmers had to spare valuable time from working on their farms.

Mr. Abraham Okumu went house to house inviting everyone who uses Shitende Spring. The training took place at one of the homesteads right by the spring, with 17 ladies and five men in attendance. Inquiring about why there were so few men, the field officer learned that the men don’t mingle with the women well. When invited, they also pointed their fingers at the women and said water and cleanliness was all their responsibility.

The day was chilly, and cold crowned the air. The roads were almost impassable with mud all over due to the heavy rainfall the previous night. While we normally use motorbikes to get around, we had to commandeer a full vehicle to arrive on time.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The only issue was that a lot of participants came with their own interests. When we got to a certain topic, a handful of people would be extremely engaged in what was happening. But when we moved on, they checked out until another topic of interest! Our trainers did their best to call on and involve those individuals. There was a language barrier with a few of the older participants, but thankfully there were others that could translate from Swahili to their local dialect.

Most everyone enjoyed learning about food security. We discussed drought-resistant crops, some of which should be planted with the rains and others planted when it’s dry. The women were very active in this session, for they are the most affected when it comes to ensuring that food is on the table for the whole family. Crops like tissue culture bananas, orange fresh sweet potatoes and cassava are encouraged. The orange fresh sweet potatoes can be used for making flour which can cook chapati and even make porridge – and they only take three months to mature!

Mrs. Everlyn Okumu said, “I must attest that I am not the same woman who came for this training without knowledge. I have learned that success in life does not come just from getting more; it comes with the acquisition of knowledge and information which will keep you moving and help you get more.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Creating the frame and preparing concrete to make the sanitation platform.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Field Officer Jemmimah checking progress. The spring still needs to be filled up and covered behind the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

As soon as the spring protection was ready for use, the field officer made a visit to officially hand it over to the community. The day was very bright and filled with gratefulness as people witnessed clean water coming from the pipe.

“I am very grateful for the initiative taken by our good organization and the donors who have ensured we have clean water. Over a long period of time, we have suffered from having dirty water. The spring is just next to a pathway whereby before protection, anybody could bring their cattle to take water and this would really make it dirty,” Mrs. Okumu said.

“I am happy and now that I am the immediate neighbor to the spring, I will ensure the spring is well kept so that the children of our children can use it.”


The Water Project : 26-kenya18116-clean-water


04/27/2018: Burachu B Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Shitende Spring is making people in Burachu B Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 4-kenya18116-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Yakima Foursquare Church