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The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Women Delivering Materials To The Artisan
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  A Bathroom Made From Nylon Papers
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  A Hole In The Ground Used As A Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  A Plastic Liter Water Tank Used To Collect And Store Rain Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  A Young Boy Outside His Home
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Alukoye Unprotected Water Source
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  An Improvised Handwashing Station In The Community
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Child Stands Outside Of Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Clothes Dry On Bush
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Hi
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Improvised Dishrack
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Improvized Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Washing Hands After Using The Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Water Containers In Homestead
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman And Child Infront Of Home
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Fills Container With Water At Source
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Stands In Spring
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Stands Next To Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Stands With Her Child
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Uses Improvized Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Woman Walks Home With Jerrycan Filled With Spring Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Mama Karani Outside Her House
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Mama Karani Outside Her Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Mary Indiangala Carrying Her Water Container And Her Child Heading To The Unprotected Water Source
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Mary Scoops Water At Their Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Mrs Caroli Poses Beside The Hole In The Ground That Acts As Her Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Sample Community Kitchen
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Sample Latrine In This Community
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  Water Containers Used To Fetch And Store Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community -  A Bathroom In The Middle Of Banana Plantation Covered With Twigs And Banana Leaves

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 175 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Alukoye Spring is found in Emulakha Village of Western Kenya. The community members report that they have suffered from many cases of waterborne diseases, like diarrhea and typhoid, as a result of drinking water from this unprotected spring.

It is open to contamination from surface runoff, people stepping into the water as they fetch it, and animals that also drink from it. A lot of time is also wasted by the women and children who have to wait for the cloudy and muddy water to settle before fetching.

Many children face the risk of walking long distances in the bush in search of safe water. Numerous parents told us they fear to send their children to get the water due to the long distances they have to walk to the next safe water source.

A normal day in Emulakha Community starts at 6am. Parents who have school-aged children start by preparing them to go to school. Once the children are off to school, they embark on subsistence farming activities.

The average household farms crops such as sugarcane, maize, and beans. Some parents who can afford to make bricks will produce them for nearby towns. Farming has really helped people of this community. They are able to take the children to school and live a standard life.

Few homes in the community have pit latrines. The ones we observed were made of mud walls and roofed with polythene paper or old rusty iron sheets. The floors are made of wood slats and not all had doors for privacy.

A majority of the community members dispose of garbage by burning or decomposing it behind their houses, in most cases in banana plantations.

Our goal is to protect the spring, sensitize the members on the importance of hygiene and sanitation, and also teach them on various ways to treat water before consumption.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/28/2018: Emulakha Community Project Complete

Emulakha Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Alukoye Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Across our first visits, we informed community members about any project requirements. Some of these entailed assembling local construction materials like sand and stones, then electing a water and sanitation management committee that will be trained on issues of maintenance and hygiene of the spring.

The region’s weather was rainy, windy and cold at that time, so the participants asked we meet as soon as possible. We met them at the spring very early in the morning so that the training could end before the rain.

Hygiene and sanitation training was participatory, with the facilitator engaging participants through different activities like handwashing and other practical sessions. Women were more active than the men primarily because domestic chores and reproductive roles are considered to be just for the women. But when we got to the issues of spring maintenance, the men had a lot to say. This is because it is the men who plant trees and do manual labor tasks, such as digging, in this community.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The handwashing session was extremely helpful for this group. People were not aware of the critical time to wash hands, nor how to properly wash. They were surprised to learn how many germs they were still carrying after a quick rinse. Soap and running water must be used, and the facilitator showed them 10 important ways to scrub the germs away. Everyone was so interested and wanted to come up and practice with the trainer themselves.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. The concrete dried over the course of two weeks.

Filling up the area behind the discharge pipe.

The rains interrupted our artisan a lot throughout the process. He would often start as early as 7am to get as much done as possible before the afternoon rain.

Since the spring is now protected, the community will no longer suffer from waterborne diseases. To this community, accessing safe and clean drinking water was just a dream. Many politicians had used this spring to capture votes, saying that if they were elected they would protect it. We have made good on the promise of clean water!

People lined up to get water as soon as we gave the OK!

“This is an answered prayer for this community because we used to have to walk to Marko Achina Spring that is three kilometers away. This wasted a lot of valuable time and would result in conflict,” shared Mr. Bernard Amakoye.

“We are glad we now have access to safe water, which will save time to use on our farms!”

Mrs. Josephine Eshirama added that she always thought this kind of spring protection was only in rich villages.

“Now we have safe and clean water. Who knew that I would ever be able to draw water from a pipe and a floor made of tiles? It is truly a miracle,” she said.


The Water Project : 27-kenya18117-finished-spring-protection


05/22/2018: Emulakha Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Alukoye Spring is making people in Emulakha Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18117-woman-fills-container-with-water-at-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!