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The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  A Sample Household
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Young Boy Carrying Home Water From The Unprotected Hole
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Water Containers In A Kitchen
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  The Water Source
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Sample Bathroom
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Inside A Community Members Latrine
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Homestead
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Cow
The Water Project: Nambatsa Community -  Compound

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 196 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Jairus Odera has an unprotected spring on his property that he and the community use to meet their water needs. However, it is an open water source that is exposed to contaminants making it unsafe for drinking.

He heard about TWP and WEWASAFO’s partnership and came to the office for more information about us. He learned that we work with community members like him to protect springs and he proceeded to apply for the protection of the spring on his property.

The spring serves 28 households in the community. The water is used for drinking, washing, and cooking. This unprotected spring is the only source around the area that the community is fetching water from.

People have to step in the same water when fetching. Cows also stand in the water when the drink from it, contaminating it further.

Community members say that the money spent treating waterborne diseases, such as typhoid and diarrhea, is a significant cost. They lose a lot of money which would be otherwise used to do things that will improve their living standards.

Sanitation in this community is in need of improvement. Many people do not have latrines and the few who have the latrines are in poor condition. Few people have dish racks, clotheslines, and bathrooms.

The protection of the spring and associated training will help raise sanitation standards, said community members. It will be a big boost for people who largely live as subsistence farmers, growing maize, beans, sugarcane and other vegetables.

A normal day in Nambatsa Village begins at 6:30am. The children and women are seen carrying jerrycans going to fetch water from their unprotected spring for use before they go to school. When enough water is collected, the women go and make breakfast for their children. They go back out to fetch water after breakfast.

Some women go to the market to sell their crops during the day while the men work on other tasks in the village or at home.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training to give them a chance to learn about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Handwashing will also be a big topic. And since open defecation was encountered here, this is at the top of our list of things to address. Waste always needs to be disposed of properly, or else it will be spread by flies or rainwater.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Training will inform the committee and the rest of the community about what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Our artisans will protect the spring and ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower female community members by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

05/22/2018: Nambatsa Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Odera Spring is making people in Nambatsa Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18119-young-boy-carrying-home-water-from-the-unprotected-hole

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!