Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 450 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/11/2023

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

It's 6am in the morning in Luvambo and women are seen carrying a number of water containers. The most common containers are water jerrycans since the women believe that they won't spill as much water.

As they reach Tindi Water Spring, they meet a line of the early risers who beat them there. On average, it takes a person 20 minutes waiting in line. This goes on until noon when the line subsides.

The women then retreat to their farms, while others do domestic chores such as washing, cleaning, and preparing meals for their families. The majority of people own sugarcane plantations.


Tindi Spring is an open, unprotected water source that's contaminated by different things like dirt, fertilizers, and animals.

Though it's water is dirty, there aren't many alternatives to meet the drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs of these families. Community members dunk their containers under the surface until full. Since the outside of these are never cleaned, this activity also contributes to the water's low quality.

Drinking this water often results in waterborne illnesses. Some mothers make the long walk to Timbito Spring, which has been protected and yields clean water. However, it's two kilometers each way.


Less than half of the households around Tindi Spring have a pit latrine. Those that exist are made of mud walls and iron sheets. Because of this low coverage and the poor standards of existing latrines, waste disposal is a big issue here. People don't have a dedicated place to relieve themselves and instead search for a private place among the bushes.

There are a handful of households have set up water containers to be used just for handwashing, but they don't have any soap. There are a few other useful tools we observed, such as dish racks and clotheslines. It's important that all households adopt these tools to ensure they live in a clean, safe environment.

Here's what we're going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

October, 2019: Giving Update: Luvambo Community, Tindi Spring

A year ago, your generous donation helped Luvambo Community in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water at Tindi Spring in Luvambo. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

September, 2018: Luvambo Community Project Complete

Luvambo Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Tindi Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

The team asked Mr. Peter Muchacha, a respected member of Luvambo Community, to invite his neighbors to attend a hygiene and sanitation training. When we arrived for the first session, we were thrilled to find 25 community members ready and willing to participate. Since other community members were helping the artisans to protect the spring, we selected a grassy area nearby for our training venue.

We highlighted many aspects of personal hygiene such as oral hygiene, handwashing, and grooming. We taught about spring management and maintenance and taught how to properly handle water to ensure it's safe for drinking.

Using water from the spring to demonstrate handwashing

During the training on oral hygiene, participants were surprised at how often they should brush. One of the men admitted that he only cleaned his teeth when he was going to a special event.

"[Thank you] for making sure that we access to safe and clean water, and also for training us on how to take care of it. I promise that we are going to take care of it and through this training, our lives will not remain the same," Mr. Peter Muchacha said on behalf of Luvambo.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

A local woman carrying bricks to the artisan at the construction site.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Fixing the discharge pipes in place

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of two weeks, and the community has already built a fence around the area to protect the spring from wild animals.

We gathered at the spring where one of the participants prayed and thanked God for the successful construction of the spring. After the prayer, the field officer gave the official word that the community could start getting water from the spring!

June, 2018: Luvambo Community Project Update

It won't be long now before the spring protection construction begins. As you can imagine, coordinating all the people involved is key to a great project. The field officers meet frequently with the community to verify that all the materials and volunteers are ready. They need to prepare accommodations for our artisans, too. Based on the last review, the community needs a few more weeks to prepare. We've adjusted the expected completion date for this project, and we look forward to keeping you updated as the artisans and trainers get to work in the coming months!

May, 2018: Luvambo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Tinda Spring is making people in Luvambo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe.

Giving Update: Luvambo Community, Tindi Spring

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Luvambo Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Matayo Shivonje. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Luvambo Community 2.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Luvambo Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

There have been many great improvements in Luvambo since the protection of Tindi Spring last year.

In the past, before spring protection there were long ques experienced at the spring waiting for water. But after protection, little time is spent at the spring.

On a recent visit to hear how this project has impacted Luvambo community members in its first year since completion, our team saw the community members working on their farms and attending to the young ones. This was unlike some of our first visits to this community before the spring protection; in the past, people here spent hours and hours at the spring waiting for water.

The homes we visited and saw from a distance also seemed neater and more organized, a clear sign that the people of Luvambo have adopted the community health and hygiene practices we taught during their community training alongside the completion of their spring.

Water handling has also improved as exemplified by Mama Joyce, who came to the spring and started washing her fetching container before accessing water while we were there. We can attribute all of these changes to the WaSH project implementation in the past year within this community.

The water and management committee for this spring is very strong and active. We have encouraged them to strengthen this unity by registering as an official Self-Help Group with the Ministry of Social Services and to start an income generation project for funds collection and sustainability of the project. We will continue to enhance our regular monitoring visits and advise the community accordingly.

"I am so happy that our spring was protected. We no longer waste time at the spring and the water is very clean. Thank you for your support," said a smiling Mama Joyce Mutachi, a member of the spring's water committee.

13-year-old Matayo Shivonje also reflected on how the spring protection has impacted his life in the last year as a young person who along with his family, depends on Tindi Spring for their daily water needs.

"I [once] dreaded each morning whenever I woke up as I knew I had to go to the spring and get water before going back to school. Most times I would find a long queue and thus [I] always got to school late. I am so happy now we have water and I am able to get to school on time," Matayo said.

"Since the spring protection life for me has been sweet with minimal problems."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Luvambo Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Luvambo Community 2 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.