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The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Carrying Bricks To The Artisan
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Digging Drainage And Excavating
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Digging Drainage And Excavating
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Latrine And Improvised Hand Washing Station
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Latrine And Improvised Hand Washing Station
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Latrine And Improvised Hand Washing Station
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Bedding Drying Outside
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Banana Trees
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Luvambo Community A -  Students Snacking On Sugarcane

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 450 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

It’s 6am in the morning in Luvambo and women are seen carrying a number of water containers. The most common containers are water jerrycans since the women believe that they won’t spill as much water.

As they reach Tindi Water Spring, they meet a line of the early risers who beat them there. On average, it takes a person 20 minutes waiting in line. This goes on until noon when the line subsides.

The women then retreat to their farms, while others do domestic chores such as washing, cleaning, and preparing meals for their families. The majority of people own sugarcane plantations.

Water

Tindi Spring is an open, unprotected water source that’s contaminated by different things like dirt, fertilizers, and animals.

Though it’s water is dirty, there aren’t many alternatives to meet the drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs of these families. Community members dunk their containers under the surface until full. Since the outside of these are never cleaned, this activity also contributes to the water’s low quality.

Drinking this water often results in waterborne illnesses. Some mothers make the long walk to Timbito Spring, which has been protected and yields clean water. However, it’s two kilometers each way.

Sanitation

Less than half of the households around Tindi Spring have a pit latrine. Those that exist are made of mud walls and iron sheets. Because of this low coverage and the poor standards of existing latrines, waste disposal is a big issue here. People don’t have a dedicated place to relieve themselves and instead search for a private place among the bushes.

There are a handful of households have set up water containers to be used just for handwashing, but they don’t have any soap. There are a few other useful tools we observed, such as dish racks and clotheslines. It’s important that all households adopt these tools to ensure they live in a clean, safe environment.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


09/18/2018: Luvambo Community Project Complete

Luvambo Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Tindi Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

The team asked Mr. Peter Muchacha, a respected member of Luvambo Community, to invite his neighbors to attend a hygiene and sanitation training. When we arrived for the first session, we were thrilled to find 25 community members ready and willing to participate. Since other community members were helping the artisans to protect the spring, we selected a grassy area nearby for our training venue.

We highlighted many aspects of personal hygiene such as oral hygiene, handwashing, and grooming. We taught about spring management and maintenance and taught how to properly handle water to ensure it’s safe for drinking.

Using water from the spring to demonstrate handwashing

During the training on oral hygiene, participants were surprised at how often they should brush. One of the men admitted that he only cleaned his teeth when he was going to a special event.

“[Thank you] for making sure that we access to safe and clean water, and also for training us on how to take care of it. I promise that we are going to take care of it and through this training, our lives will not remain the same,” Mr. Peter Muchacha said on behalf of Luvambo.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

A local woman carrying bricks to the artisan at the construction site.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Fixing the discharge pipes in place

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of two weeks, and the community has already built a fence around the area to protect the spring from wild animals.

We gathered at the spring where one of the participants prayed and thanked God for the successful construction of the spring. After the prayer, the field officer gave the official word that the community could start getting water from the spring!


The Water Project : 19-kenya18120-protected-spring


06/18/2018: Luvambo Community Project Update

It won’t be long now before the spring protection construction begins. As you can imagine, coordinating all the people involved is key to a great project. The field officers meet frequently with the community to verify that all the materials and volunteers are ready. They need to prepare accommodations for our artisans, too. Based on the last review, the community needs a few more weeks to prepare. We’ve adjusted the expected completion date for this project, and we look forward to keeping you updated as the artisans and trainers get to work in the coming months!


The Water Project : 1-kenya18120-students-snacking-on-sugarcane


05/11/2018: Luvambo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Tinda Spring is making people in Luvambo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 7-kenya18120-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!