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The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Stones Gathered For Spring Protection
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Pit Prepared For New Latrine
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Mr Ernest Ingosi
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Session At The Spring
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Household Kitchen
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Farm
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Mercy Itevete Poses With Her Child
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Mr Itevete Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Going To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Muraka Community A -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A normal day in Muraka Community starts by 6:30am. Parents who have school-going children start the morning by having them wash up and eat breakfast. Once they’ve finished, women take their jerrycans to fetch water, joined by a few willing men.

After they have finished and have enough water for use, they move on to farm work. Most farmers here specialize in maize and beans. Farming has really helped people of this community, with parents being able to afford the school fees for their children.

Water

Around 40 different households rely on Peter Itevete Spring to meet all of their water needs. The spring is entirely open to pollution, especially when rainwater washes things down the banks and into the water.

The dirty water that people bring home is making them sick with illnesses like typhoid and cholera.

“During rainfall, the overflow covers the spring. And due to farming near the spring, the water is dirty and unsafe. It is really affecting the community members,” James Magada shared.

Sanitation

Quite a few homes still don’t have pit latrines. Some people are sharing, while others are relieving themselves in the bushes. This is endangering the entire community because of the way waste is spread so easily. A few of the same households have set up a water container to rinse their hands after using their latrine, but there’s no soap.

Around half of the households don’t even have simple tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry their belongings safely off the ground.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/08/2018: Clean Water in Muraka Community

Muraka Community now has clean water! Peter Itevete Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We started planning for hygiene and sanitation training when monitoring the ongoing construction work. We found tons of community members assisting our artisan there. That’s when we informed people about the training and why it is so important. They were all excited and agreed, working with us to set a good date for training. They then took these plans to the rest of the community.

The participants were fully involved during the training. They readily gave their opinions on a number of topics. During discussions, they discovered they often do things differently from what we were teaching.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Handwashing demonstration

We visited some households and discussed environmental hygiene and the daily habits practiced by mothers, fathers, and children. Mothers learned to always cover food when cooking, as well as the right way to store food and drinking water. Men have been delegated the task of clearing brush and weeds from around the home, along with digging a pit for garbage disposal.

It seems people are most excited to put rules into place for the proper use of the spring. They are also excited to take proper care of it by maintaining good drainage and building a fence.

Learning about care and management at the spring.

Sanitation Platforms

Six sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These six families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Because of disagreements between community members, we donated two extra sanitation platforms to families. There is one sanitation platform that has not been installed since the owner has a disability and cannot dig a pit. He also lacks the fund to hire manual labor, so community members have agreed to come together and raise funds.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The stones that community members delivered to the spring construction site.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. The concrete dried over the course of two weeks.

As soon as the spring protection was ready for use, the field officer made a visit to officially hand it over to the community. When we first started working in Muraka, we learned there were 40 households relying on Peter Itevete Spring.

Mr. James Magada said, “During rainfall, the overflow would flood the spring and due to proximate farming, the spring would get very dirty and be unsafe. It was really affecting community members.”

But since it’s been transformed into a clean water source, 15 more households have moved closer to benefit from it.

“Protecting the spring is an answer to prayer because it is going to save money we had always been using to treat waterborne diseases,” Mrs. Georgina Ayesa said.


The Water Project : 24-kenya18124-clean-water


05/15/2018: Muraka Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Peter Itevete Spring is making people in Muraka Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 3-kenya18124-mr-itevete-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Dusit Thani Maldives
Massachusetts Junior Classical League
The GoGreen Club of Carmel High School
North Dunedin Baptist Church
St. Agnes Cathedral School 7th Grade
1 individual donor(s)