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The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Finishing Touches On Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training Held At The Construction Site
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Spring Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Community Farm
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya A Cow Rests Under A Shade After Grazing In The Fields
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Woman Carries Jerrycan Of Water On Her Head
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Water Flowing At Ambani Springs Drainage
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Walking To Spring To Collect Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Using Pot To Fill Jerrycan With Spring Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Sample Latrine With Sacks As Doors
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Sample Household In The Community
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Latrine With Mud Walls And Metal Roof
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Latrine With Metal Siding
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Homestead
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Filling Jerrycan With Spring Water
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Drawing Water From The Unprotected Water Point
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Dishes Drying As Children Play
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Clothes Hang To Dry On The Line
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya Ambanis Water Source
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya A Sample Household
The Water Project: Shirakala Community -  Kenya A Sample Dishrack

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 315 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Shirakala Community is a cosmopolitan area, thus activities differ from one family to another.

Individuals wake up early to fetch water from Ambani Spring, engage in morning cleaning then go on to their respective places of work. Children, on the other hand, go to school for their academic studies.

The spring is an unprotected water source that serves more than 300 people. Community members scoop the water using a small jar to fill their larger jerrycans. The containers are often not clean, contaminating the water that is already affected by pollutants like open defecation and proximate farming.

The containers rarely have covers and the water is stored in the open at home in the same canisters or pots.

Individuals reported having contracted waterborne diseases such as diarrhea and typhoid as a result of consuming the water.

“This has been a thorn in our flesh since time immemorial,” Madam Roda said.

More than half of households have latrines. Most are not in proper condition, making them hazardous to users.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


10/05/2018: Shirakala Community Project Complete

Shirakala Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Ambani Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. They also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It was difficult to find enough stones to fill up the excavated area, but the community members continued their search until the artisan had enough.

The backfilled spring box was covered with plastic to further prevent contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of two weeks. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up to ensure they build a fence around the area to protect it and plant grass to prevent erosion.

“Protection of Ambani Spring is a great achievement for the entire community. Most times we have wished for its protection but all has been in vain,” Mr. Charles Mmusai said.

“I used to sacrifice a lot and clean the spring but still at the end we would access dirty water due to its being open to all kinds of contamination.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

We worked with the village elder to plan hygiene and sanitation training. Once we had a schedule, he went door to door inviting everyone to attend. We had asked him to aim for at least 15 household representatives, but we were pleasantly surprised to find 24 participants waiting for us.

The weather at the beginning of training was cold, but the sun came out as the day progressed. The training was conducted at the spring site, which was convenient for management and maintenance demonstrations.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

People got very excited talking about proper care of Ambani Spring. They are passionate about seeing this precious resource last for generations. They appointed leadership for the water use committee which will enforce rules and regulations for spring use; rules like no washing clothes at the spring and no farming nearby.

The handwashing activity was a lot of fun too, wherein community members all wanted a chance to practice the ten steps in front of the trainer. They learned how to make their own handwashing station at their homes, and promise to wash hands regularly.

“This training is an eye opener to all who participated, the information acquired in this forum is going to transform lives and increase the lifespan of many,” Clement Ambehi shared.

“I am excited and feeling privileged to be in this community when it is going through a positive transformation in accessing clean and safe water.”


The Water Project : 29-kenya18128-flowing-water


08/07/2018: Shirakala Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ambani Spring is making people in Shirakala Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya-18128-drawing-water-from-the-unprotected-water-point


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Mirabeau Chapel
5 individual donor(s)