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The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Superstructure Already Raised For The New Latrine
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sinking A Pit For The New Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Handing Bricks Down To The Artisan
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Bedding Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman Walking Out Of Spring With Filled Jerrycan
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman In Front Of Home
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman Fills Jerrycan In Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  People Walk Down To Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine With Metal Sides And Metal Roof
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine Made Of Old Iron Sheets
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Drawing Water At Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Dog
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Chicken At A Community Members Backyard
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Bathroom Made Of Dry Maize Stalks
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Household With A Bathroom Made Of Old Sheets Beside It
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Fishpond Using Water From Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Cow Grazing In The Community
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Bathroom Made Of Plastic Paper Bags

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Most of the people in this community wake up at 5am and begin their daily activities such as: going to the farm, fetching water, and preparing the children to go to school. Some people go out to herd their animals and some go to the market to sell their products depending on the yield of their crops.

Most of the community members practice fish farming. One fishpond is located near the spring. There is also poultry farming, livestock keeping, and crop farming such as maize, sugarcane, beans, cassava and sweet potatoes in the community.

Water

Okang’a Spring is unprotected and serves the community nearby. As a result, there are reported cases of waterborne diseases among the community members.

People gather water by placing their jerrican directly at the improvised pipe. Most of the people use buckets and jerricans that have no covers.

Sanitation

The level of sanitation and hygiene of this community is at a lower rate. Fewer than half of homes in the community have latrines.

The latrines that do exist are very pathetic. They are almost collapsing. The floor is made of logs, the wall is made of mud, the roof is made of rusted iron sheets, and the door is made of plastic bags.

Therefore, we need to train them to improve their sanitation and hygiene status to reduce on cases of waterborne diseases.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


09/04/2018: Irumbi Community Project Complete

Irumbi Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Okang’a Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We were in constant communication with Mr. Christopher Okang’a to plan for hygiene and sanitation training. He led the group in gathering the local stones and sand the artisans would need to help protect the spring. He called everyone who fetches water from Okang’a Spring to invite them to the training.

Training took place on a sunny morning under a big mango tree. The shade and a light breeze helped us beat the heat. The elderly participants were a lot more involved in our discussions, most likely because they had so much experience to bring to the table.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

We were able to focus on particular topics for this community thanks to our household visits and interviews. After speaking with a few adults, we learned that the common practice is to dry clothes and other things on the ground. Thus, we taught participants about how the health complications they face are somewhat linked to this bad habit. We detailed where to find materials for clotheslines and how to build a dish rack.

One of the participants admitted that she bathes and does laundry at the same time, and even uses the laundry detergent as her body soap. That surprised everyone at the training because all laundry detergents available in the area are extremely harsh.

During the handwashing session, the whole group had fun talking about what they usually did to clean up. One elderly woman came to the front, grabbed the pitcher of water, and acted out her usual behavior of rinsing each hand as she held food in the other. Everyone had a good laugh as she mimed eating her dinner meal after rinsing her hands. After these discussions, our trainers taught the proper times and methods to wash hands.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

“We have been going to our neighbor’s home to relieve ourselves, but because of this project, we have our own sanitation platform,” Mrs. Christine Mukula rejoiced.

A sanitation platform drying in its frame.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The artisan encountered a few challenges during his work. When he started excavating the spring, he got attacked by bees. He fled and then returned the following day. The second challenge was the large discharge area where the spring’s water came to the surface. This forced the group to excavate and then fill up a large area behind the discharge pipe.

This, in turn, required a larger amount of stones than the community had delivered to the artisan. There was a delay until more stones could be found.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of two weeks. The water and sanitation committee has already worked with the community to plant grass and build a fence to protect the spring. They even had to cut down some blue gum trees, since that species is known to take in a lot of water. The community’s willingness to shape the environment to protect their spring gives us confidence that they will continue to care for their spring.

“We had been fetching contaminated water over the years. This is a God-sent organization with the community’s needs at heart,” said Mr. Mmasi Okang’a.

“We are blessed and believe that we shall always enjoy safe, reliable and clean drinking water.”


The Water Project : 24-kenya18130-protected-spring


08/07/2018: Irumbi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Okang’a Spring is making people in Irumbi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we have begun installing a clean water point – and much more!

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news soon.


The Water Project : kenya18130-woman-walking-out-of-spring-with-filled-jerrycan


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Imago Dei Community