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The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Bedding Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman Walking Out Of Spring With Filled Jerrycan
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman In Front Of Home
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Woman Fills Jerrycan In Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  People Walk Down To Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine With Metal Sides And Metal Roof
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine Made Of Old Iron Sheets
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Drawing Water At Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Dog
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Chicken At A Community Members Backyard
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  Bathroom Made Of Dry Maize Stalks
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Household With A Bathroom Made Of Old Sheets Beside It
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Fishpond Using Water From Okanga Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Cow Grazing In The Community
The Water Project: Irumbi Community -  A Bathroom Made Of Plastic Paper Bags

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  11/30/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most of the people in this community wake up at 5am and begin their daily activities such as: going to the farm, fetching water, and preparing the children to go to school. Some people go out to herd their animals and some go to the market to sell their products depending on the yield of their crops.

Most of the community members practice fish farming. One fishpond is located near the spring. There is also poultry farming, livestock keeping, and crop farming such as maize, sugarcane, beans, cassava and sweet potatoes in the community.


Okang’a Spring is unprotected and serves the community nearby. As a result, there are reported cases of waterborne diseases among the community members.

People gather water by placing their jerrican directly at the improvised pipe. Most of the people use buckets and jerricans that have no covers.


The level of sanitation and hygiene of this community is at a lower rate. Fewer than half of homes in the community have latrines.

The latrines that do exist are very pathetic. They are almost collapsing. The floor is made of logs, the wall is made of mud, the roof is made of rusted iron sheets, and the door is made of plastic bags.

Therefore, we need to train them to improve their sanitation and hygiene status to reduce on cases of waterborne diseases.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Imago Dei Community