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The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Women And Girls Stand With Water Containers
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Washing And Hanging Clothes
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Mud Latrine With Door
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Mrs Indole With Her Girls At Their Compound
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Man Stands With Improvized Latrine
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Lifting Jerrycans Filled With Water Onto Heads
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Jerrycans Filled With Water
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Grass Thatched Roof Latrine
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Fetching Water At Thomas Spring
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Cows In Homestead
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Community Members At The Water Point
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Cloghes Dry On Line And On Ground
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  Carrying Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  A Dishrack In One Of The Homestead We Visited
The Water Project: Musiachi Community -  A Bush Used As A Bathroom

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 348 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  11/30/2018

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Thomas Spring is located in Makhumbi sub-location in Malava sub-county. It serves some 348 people in the community.

For this community, a normal day starts by getting up early in the morning, at about 6am, and going to their farms.

If they are not tilling their lands in preparation for planting, they are harvesting the ready produce from the farms. After which, the food is stored for future use or taken to the markets to be sold.

Many people in this community engage in small-scale dairy farming, poultry keeping, and cash crop farming tea and sugar cane plantations to make a small income. Though the income from the sale of these crops is low, the community members adjust their budgets so as to meet their daily family needs and hence keep life going.

They also grow bananas and practice subsistence farming of vegetables, maize, beans, groundnuts and other crops meant for eating.


Thomas Spring is an unprotected water source less than a mile away from most of its users. Due to the fact that many of the people are low earners, efforts made in the past to try and protect this spring did not bear any fruits.

People use jugs to draw water and pour them into the containers then carry it home for various uses. The water is stored at home in plastic containers, often without lids.

The water is contaminated by surface runoff from nearby farms. The water gets turbid after a few scoops and some people come from their farms with dirty hands and legs to clean themselves in the spring.

As a result, many people suffer from stomachache, diarrhea, and fever. When they go to get tested, they are diagnosed with the waterborne disease typhoid.


Fewer than half of households have latrines. The few that exist are often semi-permanent in nature, with floors made of wood, walls of mud, roofs of old iron sheets, and doors made of old rags. In some cases, the doors are made of old iron sheets.

Other latrines are improvized – spots that utilize brushes and plants to establish a private place for people to relieve themselves.

Most homesteads have clotheslines and dish racks. People throw the garbage into the banana plantation to compost into manure.

They were excited about the idea of improvising hand washing stations and are eager to learn more about hygiene and sanitation.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

09/13/2018: Musiachi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Thomas Spring is making people in Musiachi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18133-lifting-jerrycans-filled-with-water-onto-heads

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


11 individual donor(s)