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The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  A Lady Washes Utencils Outside Her Home
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Children Stand Near Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Cleaning Dishes Outside
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Clothes Drying On The Ground
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Clothes Line And Clothes Drying On The Ground
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Homestead With Clothesline
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine And Improvized Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Mrs Alice Family
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Sample Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Homestead
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Inside The Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine Floor State
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Inside The Bathroom

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 322 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  11/30/2018

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

A group of field officers was moving around in Malava Constituency looking for viable springs for protection when they came across Timona Spring. The discharge of the spring was very impressive, serving approximately 322 people.

The current water source is contaminated because community members farm close to the spring. The community members say that they get recurrent cases of typhoid. The children in the community often complain of stomachache and are prone to diarrhea.

“Most people in our community complain about stomach aches and do not go for check-ups, whereby they do not know whether it is typhoid affecting them,” Mrs. Lilian Sunguti said.

Women like Mrs. Sunguti go to the river with a jug which they use to fill their 20-liter jerrycans and buckets. They scoop water from a pool made by the spring. The water is stored at home in the same containers which are used to fetch it.

The community tried to reach the local government to help them protect their spring but was only given false hope. They were a little bit skeptical about how genuine our organization is but after assuring them through examples of the springs we had protected before, they agreed to start sourcing for locally available materials immediately.

Being subsistence farmers, the community members wake up early to attend to their small farms. They use crops from their farms like vegetables, maize, and beans to feed their families.

The surplus is taken to the nearby shopping center for sale. Most people are poor and there is a high rate of primary school dropouts who lack school fees to go to high school.

Fewer than half of households in the community have latrines. Most of those that exist do not have a washable slab and some of the holes are so small that the children have a hard time using the facilities.

Most people dispose of their garbage in the kitchen gardens. Some throw nylon papers in the pit latrines.

They were very curious about the sanitation and hygiene training we provide and promised to spread the message far and wide so that everyone in the community will benefit from it.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

08/07/2018: Luvambo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Timona Spring is making people in Luvambo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18135-fetching-water-at-the-spring

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


St. Therese Foundation