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The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Building The Foundation
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Building The Foundation
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Delivering Sand
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Getting Sand For Construction
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Getting Bricks For The Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Getting Bricks For The Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Getting Bricks For The Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  A Lady Washes Utencils Outside Her Home
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Children Stand Near Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Cleaning Dishes Outside
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Clothes Drying On The Ground
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Clothes Line And Clothes Drying On The Ground
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Homestead With Clothesline
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine And Improvized Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Mrs Alice Family
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Sample Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Homestead
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Inside The Bathroom
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Latrine Floor State
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Luvambo Community B -  Inside The Bathroom

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 322 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



A group of field officers was moving around in Malava Constituency looking for viable springs for protection when they came across Timona Spring. The discharge of the spring was very impressive, serving approximately 322 people.

The current water source is contaminated because community members farm close to the spring. The community members say that they get recurrent cases of typhoid. The children in the community often complain of stomachache and are prone to diarrhea.

“Most people in our community complain about stomach aches and do not go for check-ups, whereby they do not know whether it is typhoid affecting them,” Mrs. Lilian Sunguti said.

Women like Mrs. Sunguti go to the river with a jug which they use to fill their 20-liter jerrycans and buckets. They scoop water from a pool made by the spring. The water is stored at home in the same containers which are used to fetch it.

The community tried to reach the local government to help them protect their spring but was only given false hope. They were a little bit skeptical about how genuine our organization is but after assuring them through examples of the springs we had protected before, they agreed to start sourcing for locally available materials immediately.

Being subsistence farmers, the community members wake up early to attend to their small farms. They use crops from their farms like vegetables, maize, and beans to feed their families.

The surplus is taken to the nearby shopping center for sale. Most people are poor and there is a high rate of primary school dropouts who lack school fees to go to high school.

Fewer than half of households in the community have latrines. Most of those that exist do not have a washable slab and some of the holes are so small that the children have a hard time using the facilities.

Most people dispose of their garbage in the kitchen gardens. Some throw nylon papers in the pit latrines.

They were very curious about the sanitation and hygiene training we provide and promised to spread the message far and wide so that everyone in the community will benefit from it.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


10/18/2018: Luvambo Community Project Complete

Luvambo Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Timona Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Water is at the base of the economic growth pyramid. This statement couldn’t be truer for Luvambo Community.

When we visited the spring to check on construction, we used a route different than our normal one. As we approached Mrs. Eunice Mdogo’s homestead, we were welcomed with the sweet aroma of “African shortcake.” These are snacks similar to our famous ‘maandazi’ (a food similar to fried dough in the U.S.), but they are denser.

We followed the aroma like hound dogs and found two smoking, mud-walled kitchens filled with young men. They had large basins full of dough and a hot fireplace filled with lava-hot cooking oil. These young men make a living preparing shortcake.  They pack them in crates and supply them wholesale to the entire county, using their motorbikes.

They expressed to their delight and appreciation for protecting Timona Spring because it will keep their business stable throughout the year. They went further to inform us that all the water from the nearby hand-dug wells would dry up when the rain would subside. As a result, then they would have to travel a long distance to access clean water to use for making their dough. This clean water shortage used to waste their time and negatively affect their business.

With the newly protected spring, these young and industrious men will keep their business running throughout the year!

They are also happy to have plenty of clean drinking water, since they need to avoid dehydration in such a hot kitchen.

Construction Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Building the brick headwall

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Working on the stairs

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

“I’m truly witnessing a miracle. We have been having safe water shortage for decades. Most of the people invested in hand-dug wells that dry up due to the low water table,” said Gladys Tembo.

“We are now happy and settled in our minds knowing that water is the least of our problems.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

Mrs. Lilian Akoth was very instrumental in passing our important message about hygiene and sanitation training to every household. She deliberately visited each homestead to inform them, as well as encourage and motivate them to attend.

Attendance was not as expected because many community members were preparing to hold a funeral. The Luhya tribe really values such events, and a few people feared to attend training lest rumors start about them having had something to do with this person’s death.

13 participants sat in the shade of mango trees, ready to learn new things.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

When the facilitator was talking about handwashing, she asked participants if any of them had a place to wash their hands back home. One of them responded that she indeed owned one, which she had cleverly made for herself. We tasked her with the responsibility of demonstrating to the rest of the participants how to make one. She immediately regretted piping up since everyone was then looking to her to teach them, but our team stepped up and worked alongside her to demonstrate how to build a handwashing station.

Our brave volunteer explaining how she constructed a handwashing station for her family.

When everyone saw how easy it was to fix a container so that it works well for handwashing, they all promised to have one by our next visit.

“This training will help our entire community to lead healthier lives. We are very willing and able to disseminate all that we have learned because we now know that one person can compromise the health of the entire community,” Rhoda Makokha said.


The Water Project : 28-kenya18135-flowing-water


08/07/2018: Luvambo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Timona Spring is making people in Luvambo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18135-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

St. Therese Foundation