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The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Transporting Stones To The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Excavating The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Training On Handling Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Carrying Heavy Jerrycan
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Drawing Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Dishes Drying
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Clothes Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Clearing Spring To Determine Actual Source Of Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  A Son Helping Her Mother Carry Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  A Physically Challanged Water User
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  A Grass Thatched House Common In The Community
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  A Cassava Plantation
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  A Bathroom Between Banana Plantation Covered With Growing Twigs

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



A normal day in Emachembe Community begins early in the morning so that students can get to school on time.

Members of this community engage in small-scale farming. They plant maize, beans, vegetables, and sugarcane. Some people make bricks and extract stones or gravel used for construction to earn a living.

Men and women do various chores and then proceed with the day’s activities. For women, they begin by going to the river to fetch water. Fetching water is an activity dominated by the women. They get their jerrycans to go line up in the spring. They get to their homes to continue with the house chores such as cleaning the house and the compound.

Water

Gathering of water from this spring is a problem for the community. The community, through the village elder, made a call to one of our staff members after seeing what was done at Saul Shivogo Spring and asked for us to consider their spring for protection.

A person needs to go very early in the morning or late in the evening to collect water from the spring due to the long lines.

Members wade into the water and draw from it using small containers to then fill the bigger jerrycans. The gathered water is stored in different containers, depending on the household. The most popular containers used are 20-liter jerrycans and 100-liter plastic tanks. Households also have pots made of clay soil to store drinking water. This is believed to act as a natural refrigerator that keeps water cold.

“Most people in this community have suffered from waterborne diseases, looking at the living standards we are not even able to meet the required money for treatment. Instead, people use alcohol to treat typhoid which is risky to their life,” Mrs. Rose Mastiza said.

The current water source is contaminated because the spring is open and the way the water is drawn gives a clear indicator of contamination since one has to step inside water in order to draw water.

“I will personally champion for the protection of Mukabane Spring by mobilizing the communities to provide the required local materials.” Pauline, a young girl from the community, said.

“I am disabled due to polio and my people can also lose their lives due to outbreaks resulting from drinking dirty and contaminated water.”

As we look at the bright face of this girl we are moved. To see this project succeed will show that despite her disability, she is able to make a difference.

Implementing this project will be of great impact in this community and particularly in the life of Pauline.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of households have latrines. Most of the existing pit latrines are in a poor condition, for they are made with mud floors.

They are difficult to be cleaned because urine is splashed on top predisposing users to diseases. The walls are made of mud while others are made of racks and rusty iron sheets.

Individuals who do not have sanitation facilities such as dish rack, bathroom, or toilets indicated a willingness to get them. Most of the people dispose of their garbage in the banana plantation to compost and then use it later as manure. As a positive sign, community members showed an interest in general cleanliness whereby they bathe, wash their clothes, and clean their houses.

This shows how this community has a positive attitude towards hygiene and sanitation.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


10/25/2018: Emachembe Community Project Complete

Emachembe Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Mukabane Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Community members who use Mukabane Spring were all asked to attend hygiene and sanitation training. The landowner helped our training officer find at least one representative from each household to attend.

Since people living here were in the midst of harvesting, we had to meet together in the evenings for sessions.

The community members asked questions on various topics, such as how they could improvise simple pit latrines to eliminate open defecation. The few women who recently married were the most active during each topic.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

“You have served us. As you know, information is power, and we are now informed so we shall not make the same mistakes again,” shared 79-year-old Lawi Mukabane.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

This latrine floor is safe to use and easy to clean.

Spring Protection

The water committee will be meeting once a month to support each other in matters pertaining to their community. They will work with everyone to save some money for maintenance of the spring, and they have already fenced and planted grass at the water catchment area.

Construction Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. It was hard to find enough stones to backfill the spring, which delayed the process a bit. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.


The Water Project : 26-kenya18138-flowing-water


09/13/2018: Emachembe Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Mukabane Spring is making people in Emachembe Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18138-clearing-spring-to-determine-actual-source-of-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

St. Therese Foundation