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The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Thank You
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Building The Fence
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Planting Grass
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Children Sorting Through Stones
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Digging Drainage
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Digging Drainage
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  A Bathroom Made From Bushes
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Clothes Left To Dry On Bushes At The Spring
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Collecting Water From Spring
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Drawing Water At Maria Unprotected Water Point
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Drawing Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Filling Smaller Jerrycans
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Gather Water In Small Containter To Pour Into Larger Bucket
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Latrine Amid Brush
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Latrine Sample In The Community
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Maize Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Maria And Her Children Wash Cloths At The Spring
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Maria Spring Water Source
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Sample Homestead
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Woman Filters Water Into Jerrycan
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Woman Washing Clothes
The Water Project: Mungaha B Community -  Young Becky Fetching Water At The Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Nov 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Maria Spring is located in Mugaha B Community of Kakamega County. The people of this community are blessed with many acres of land, so farming is the main activity carried out.

A normal day begins early in the morning around 6am. Students are seen all over the roads rushing to schools – this is a good indicator that education is highly valued. Women are seen taking their containers to the spring to get water as the male counterparts ensure the cattle are directed to their grazing areas.

The people of this community make their livelihoods from casual labor and vegetable farming. What makes this community special is that they border the Lusumu River. This river provides water which is used for irrigation and so they never lack food, especially vegetables.

Despite the community having the river as a natural resource, it is also a risk for the community members in the rainy season. The water overflows and floods their crops causing destruction. Accidents are also rampant for the children who swim in this river. Those who do not know how to swim easily drown.

Water

A student from St. Kizito Lusumu approached the field officer after attending one of our trainings at her school. After listening keenly during the introduction, she heard the officer explain the main focus areas of our work. This is when she remembered life back at home – how they hustle to get clean water.

The water is gathered from an open spring which does have stones that prevent people from stepping into the water and making it dirty. They use mostly jugs to get the water and then pour it into larger 20-liter jerrican. Those containers are then used to carry the water back to their homes.

Some come with sieves to keep visible particles and dirt out of the collected water. The gathered water is stored in plastic containers for up to 1-2 days and used for a variety of things from drinking to cooking to cleaning.

The poverty level in the community is high and this is why they cannot afford large storage containers, making them go to the spring more than once a day. The time wasted traveling back and forth to fetch the water negatively affects the community, especially the women who generally have to get the water for their households.

The current water source is likely contaminated since it is directly open to all kind of bacteria and any other pollutants.

The community’s safe water shortage fosters waterborne diseases like typhoid which makes the community members sick. Another effect is school absenteeism. Many children miss school due to poor health caused by the unclean water.

“Our grandparents have used this spring the way it is and up to now, we are still following as we suffer waterborne diseases. The most painful part is when we see our young children suffer diarrhea and we do not know where to get help,” Beatrice Maende, a local businesswoman, said.

Sanitation

More than three-quarters of households have latrines. The condition of the latrines is not very good. Most are in poor shape, with walls made of rusted iron sheets. The doors are made of sugar sacks which flutter around when there is a strong wind.

Garbage is disposed of in a compost pit where plastic bags are burnt.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


11/05/2018: Mungaha B Community Project Complete

Mungaha B Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Maria Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was organized as community members were preparing to host our artisan for construction. Our field officer, Jemmimah Khasoha, frequently visited the community and communicated with them on the importance of good hygiene and the need for training. She made sure to invite everyone who uses Maria Spring.

Community members opted to meet in the shade of a tree right by the spring.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

Jemmimah demonstrates how to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

People loved talking more about personal hygiene, particularly about brushing teeth. One of the ladies said she hadn’t brushed her teeth for a year. All she does is rinse her mouth out with water after a meal. For her, learning about the need for a cleansing agent like toothpaste was very impactful.

Discussion on toothbrushing

“Despite giving us clean and safe water, you have also given us sanitation platforms and additional training. Knowledge and information are power and a tool to success,” Rose Nafumwa said.

“I am very grateful for the training, especially the topic on hygiene and sanitation, for I have been ignorant on issues that have affected my life personally. Now, I am informed and am in a better position to live a happy, healthy life and also impact change in the life of others.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Construction at Maria Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

The group was active and very cooperative throughout the entire process. Immediately after backfilling the spring, the community members planted grass and trees to prevent erosion.

“You are God-sent angels. Many have had false promises of protecting this spring and all have been in vain,” Margaret Musioma recalled.

“We really thank God who brought you here for we are really saved. The joy we have for clean water is like that of a mother for having the safe delivery of her first baby. We promise to take good care of this so as it can serve us and even our great-grandchildren.”

Construction Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

A woman carrying bricks down to where the artisan is working.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

Our artisan leveling the ground for a solid cement foundation.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

Community members planting grass behind their spring – the finishing touches for this project!

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.


The Water Project : 28-kenya18140-thank-you


09/13/2018: Mungaha B Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Maria Spring is making people in Mungaha B Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18140-young-becky-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

St. Therese Foundation