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The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Returning Home With Water
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Homestead And Latrine Made Of Banana Leaves
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Hoisting Jerrycan Of Water Onto Head
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Filling Jerrycan With Spring Water
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Dishes Drying On Wooden Rack
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Cow Sits Outside Of Latrine
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  Clothes Dry On A Line In Front Of A House
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  A Sample Household
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  A Lady Struggles To Lift A Water Container At The Spring
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  A Dumpsite At An Open Compound
The Water Project: Muyundi Community A -  A Bathroom Made Of Banana Leaaves

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 315 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Ngalame Spring is located in Muyundi Village at the farthest end of Kakamega County, bordering Bungoma County.

A normal day in Muyundi Village starts very early in the morning. Residents wake up at 5:30am for different chores. Women prepare breakfast for the whole family before engaging in their routine work. Children prepare themselves for school and men take time grazing their cattle.

Stepping into Muyundi Village at around 10am, you are welcomed by community members busy tilling their land, planting crops, weeding, and harvesting.

Water

The spring is a permanent open water source which is high yielding and serves more than 300 people. It doesn’t go dry, even in the driest seasons of the year, Mr. Abraham Ngalame said.

We found some women carrying water on their heads while walking back from a baseline survey at nearby Baraza’s Spring. We asked the women where they fetched the water. One of them told us that they had fetched it from Ngalame Spring which is unprotected.

We saw that community members come with their containers to the open water source. They plunge the containers into the water to fill with the water until the containers are half or three-quarters full. They remove the containers and fill the remaining space by scooping the water with smaller jugs.

The gathered water is stored in the same container or a larger one, at homes.

The water source is absolutely contaminated. Simply because of its open nature and the human activities that range from stepping into the water source to plunging dirty containers into the source.

“We have suffered a lot after using water from this unprotected source. Most of our resource usually go to medication to treat waterborne diseases like typhoid, which is rampant,” Mr. Ngalame said.

Sanitation

More than half of homes have pit latrines. Theys are made of mud wall, wooden log floors, and roofed with iron sheet. Some have doors while most do not.

We found other forms of sanitation facilities in homes without latrines, like dishracks and clotheslines. That indicates that people are open to taking steps towards improving the hygiene and sanitation status of their homes.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


10/29/2018: Muyundi Community Project Complete

Muyundi Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Ngalame Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We organized for hygiene and sanitation training with the assistance of Mr. Meshack Ngalame. We called him with proposed dates for training at Ngalame Spring. He proposed we postpone it until the following Thursday so that more community members would be available. We agreed with his advice, and he went ahead and informed other community members on the same.

We sometimes find it difficult to gather people for training. They’ll wake up on the scheduled morning and go straight to their farms, and we’d have to move around the community asking them to please take a break. But Muyundi Community pleasantly surprised us. When we arrived, there were 16 people already waiting and eager to learn!

A portion of the training participants

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

Training participants at the spring (still under construction) to learn about management and maintenance.

Participants were really engaged with the handwashing session. They were able to practice the 10 steps of handwashing with the trainer. However, some of them felt this was much too cumbersome and time-consuming if they were very hungry. After we discussed what kind of germs their hands carry, the participants agreed to pay more attention to handwashing.

Handwashing practicals

“Waterborne diseases are preventable, but lack of information is another big issue. It has been said knowledge is power and indeed it is so,” Geoffrey Wesonga said.

“From today’s training, I have learned a lot of things which I didn’t know with my age of 45 years. Solar disinfection is something new to me but it’s something more economical to us than using firewood to boil water for drinking.”

Talking about solar disinfection

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Construction at Ngalame Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipes. There was only one small challenge on the first day when the artisans and community members had a difficult time uprooting some of the trees to make room for the concrete foundation.

“We are so happy for our spring. Drawing water from this water source now is so easy. Carrying a smaller container to use in filling the bigger container is now something of the past,” Mr. Isaiah Kasemberi said.

“Water from the new source looks so much cleaner than before. We are more confident about drinking safe, clean water now.”

Construction Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

Some children helping to transport bricks to the artisans so he can build the spring protection wall.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Our artisan working on the stairs leading down to the discharge pipes.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.


The Water Project : 24-kenya18143-finished-spring


09/13/2018: Working in Muyundi Community

Dirty water from Ngalame Spring is making people in Muyundi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18143-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

16 individual donor(s)