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The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Finished Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Preparing To Mix Cement
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Laying The Foundation
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Laying The Foundation
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Laying The Foundation
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Talking About The Spring Protection
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Group Picture With Participants
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Woman In Front Of Home
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Woman Fetches Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Water Source For Yanga Spring
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  State Of Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Spring
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Sample Bathroom Made From A Bush
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Mud Walled Latrine
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Maize Drying Before Milling
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Latrine With Broken Door
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Improvized Clothing Rack
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Home
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Clothes Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Clothes Hang To Dry
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Chickens
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Breaking Down Latrine
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  Bathroom Floor
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  A Woman Fetching Water Atbthe Spring
The Water Project: Ewamakhumbi Community -  A Turkey Walking At A Community Members Compound

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Nov 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This unprotected spring is located in Ewamakhumbi Village of Kakamega County.

An average day begins very early in the morning. Women work to clean their houses and then prepare breakfast for the whole family while the children get ready to go to school.

Men milk animals and move out in the cold to sell a few bottles of milk in order to buy sugar and tea leaves. After that, men look for grass for their cows to eat. Women take several laps to Yanga Spring to fetch water, as men till their lands to ensure there is enough food on the table.

By 10am women begin cooking lunch since the children go back home for lunch. Most of the people here are unemployed, therefore they have to work extra hard to earn a living.

Water

Yanga Spring serves more than 210 people in the community. Women draw water from the spring using 20-liter jerrycans, most don’t have lids. Families usually have plastic containers between 50 liters and 100 liters which are used to store water at home.

The community members have improvised a plastic pipe to help them fetch water without disrupting the spring. The community sent a request asking for us to consider their spring for protection after seeing what was done at nearby Ayubu Spring.

During the rainy seasons, the waste is washed into the spring leading to contamination of water. The landowner practices farming close to the water catchment area too. This contributes to pollution of the water by the farm chemicals used.

Sanitation

Sanitation is a big problem as many people do not have good latrines. Fewer than half of households have latrines.

Most of them are smelly and lack privacy because the doors are made of old pieces of cloth or sugar sacks. Walling is done by rusty old iron sheets or mud.

“Personally, I lack a latrine,” Mrs. Mercy Shiyuka said. “I use my neighbor’s whenever I want to go for long calls.”

Hygiene practices are also poor among the community members. Many people do not wash their hands after using the toilet and many compounds were unclean. Few people had dishracks and clotheslines.

The majority of the community members disposes of garbage by decomposing it in banana plantations.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


11/12/2018: Ewamakhumbi Community Project Complete

Ewamakhumbi Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Yanga Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We continuously visited Ewamakhumbi to prepare for our spring protection artisan’s arrival. Mr. Yanga, who is the landowner where the spring is, offered to help us recruit community members to attend our hygiene and sanitation training.

Training is best in the morning hours because the afternoons often bring rain. We met household representatives at the spring, since they were very interested in overseeing our artisan as he did construction.

Some of the participants discussing the artisan’s progress on their spring protection.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

People particularly enjoyed the lessons on water handling and spring care. As we visited the community leading up to construction and during construction, poor water handling stood out to us. Women carried their water in open containers and would wrap their hands around the rim, dipping dirty fingers in their drinking water. If the water container’s opening was small enough, people admitted they would shove some leaves in the opening to help keep water from spilling.

We were able to discuss at length what should be done and what should not be done at the spring. We found out most ladies preferred to wash their clothes at the spring, so we had to spend extra time explaining how the soap used would erode the new cement and potentially contaminate the water.

Training participants pose down by the spring during the session on maintenance and management.

“This training has been an eye-opener to all of us. There are a number of activities we have failed to engage in, as community members lacked the information,” said Mr. Ambrose Shiyuka.

“The lessons learned today are going to help improve on our health status.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

One of the families has already started building walls for their new latrine.

Spring Protection

Construction at Yanga Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

As soon as the finishing touches were completed, word spread that clean water was flowing from the pipe and the community members quickly gathered around the water spring. Our staff together with the village elder officially commissioned the project and handed it over to the community. Staff also took this opportunity to remind everyone to practice what they learned during the training.

The community is grateful “for this wonderful work of protecting springs. Now, we have safe and clean water, good health, and will say bye bye to the doctors and huge hospital bills!” exclaimed Mildred Wetambila.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.


The Water Project : 20-kenya18144-finished-spring-construction


09/26/2018: Ewamakhumbi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Yanga Spring is making people in Ewamakhumbi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18144-woman-fetches-water-from-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

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