Loading images...
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Children From The Community Heading To The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Water Storage Container
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Water Source At Hosea Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Sample Dish Rack
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Pouring Water Into Jerrycan
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Piece Of Cloth Being Used To Seive Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Livestock House
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Latrine With Wood Sides
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Improvised Latrine
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Children Collect Spring Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Chickens
The Water Project: Emachembe Community -  Boy Fetches Water From Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  11/30/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This unprotected spring is located in Emachembe Village of Kakamega County.

The people are mainly small-scale farmers that grow sugarcane. The other economic activity that a majority of them do is brick making. They claim it helps them earn a better living, with most of their buyers coming from nearby Kakamega Town.

They wake up early in the morning to do their domestic work and continue on to their economic activity for the day in order to earn their living.

Water

The community members use the water from Hosea Spring for domestic uses such as cleaning, drinking, cooking, and irrigating their farms during dry seasons. They also use the water for their animals and for brick making.

Community members usually collect the water using 20-liter and 10-liter jerrycans. They need to carry a separate jug to scoop the water and fill the large containers. They have a piece of cloth placed at the mouth of the container that is used to sieve water.

The gathered water is stored in bigger clay pots and skyplast plastic containers.

Common diseases in this community are water-related. People suffer from the outbreak of typhoid and other waterborne diseases as a result of the unprotected spring.

Thus, it forces people to spend time and money which could be used to generate income for the households or for school fees school to treat these diseases.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of households in the community have latrines. The pit latrines visible in this area are made of mud walls and roofed with grass or old rusty iron sheets. The floors are mostly made of mud as well. Maintaining some of these is difficult, so they’re left dirty and pose a hygiene danger.

The majority of the community members dispose of garbage by burning or decomposing it behind their houses. Compost heaps are often found in banana plantations. The decomposed food is later used as manure for the crops during planting season.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

We're just getting started, check back soon!


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors