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The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Thank You
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Excavation
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Gathering Materials
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Digging Drainage
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Latrine Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Latrine Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Children From The Community Heading To The Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Water Storage Container
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Water Source At Hosea Spring
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Sample Dish Rack
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Pouring Water Into Jerrycan
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Piece Of Cloth Being Used To Seive Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Livestock House
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Latrine With Wood Sides
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Improvised Latrine
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Children Collect Spring Water
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Chickens
The Water Project: Emachembe Community A -  Boy Fetches Water From Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 175 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This unprotected spring is located in Emachembe Village of Kakamega County.

The people are mainly small-scale farmers that grow sugarcane. The other economic activity that a majority of them do is brick making. They claim it helps them earn a better living, with most of their buyers coming from nearby Kakamega Town.

They wake up early in the morning to do their domestic work and continue on to their economic activity for the day in order to earn their living.

Water

The community members use the water from Hosea Spring for domestic uses such as cleaning, drinking, cooking, and irrigating their farms during dry seasons. They also use the water for their animals and for brick making.

Community members usually collect the water using 20-liter and 10-liter jerrycans. They need to carry a separate jug to scoop the water and fill the large containers. They have a piece of cloth placed at the mouth of the container that is used to sieve water.

The gathered water is stored in bigger clay pots and skyplast plastic containers.

Common diseases in this community are water-related. People suffer from the outbreak of typhoid and other waterborne diseases as a result of the unprotected spring.

Thus, it forces people to spend time and money which could be used to generate income for the households or for school fees school to treat these diseases.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of households in the community have latrines. The pit latrines visible in this area are made of mud walls and roofed with grass or old rusty iron sheets. The floors are mostly made of mud as well. Maintaining some of these is difficult, so they’re left dirty and pose a hygiene danger.

The majority of the community members dispose of garbage by burning or decomposing it behind their houses. Compost heaps are often found in banana plantations. The decomposed food is later used as manure for the crops during planting season.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


10/29/2018: Emachembe Community Project Complete

Emachembe Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Hosea Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We informed the community about the need for hygiene and sanitation training in the weeks leading up to spring construction. They were excited that apart from having the spring protected, they would have the opportunity to be trained on water, hygiene, and sanitation.

The training attracted a good number of participants with the majority being female. There were 16 people out of which 14 were female and two were male. It was a very hot day, but we were thankful for the shade of a mango tree and a cool breeze every once in a while.

We covered several topics including but not limited to leadership and governance (participants started a water and sanitation committee); operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. These participants will become ambassadors of healthy living among their own families and their greater community.

Practicing the 10 steps of handwashing

Participants liked the session on water handling. The trainer created awareness of the ways in which people contaminate their water on the way home. Through demonstrations and tools, the participants were able to figure out the ways in which they were contaminating their own drinking water.

Most of them confessed that their water containers have no covers. This exposes their water to dust particles and many other contaminants. The participants burst out laughing when the facilitator placed leaves in the water container – and the majority admitted that they normally put the leaves in on purpose to prevent water from spilling over.

“Hygiene is the only doctor every human being should embrace and today’s training has enriched as all,” Mary Hosea said.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Construction at Hosea Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“Thank you for considering us. I vow to work with the community to ensure that the spring is secure, well-managed, and maintained for the future generations’ use,” Mr. Henry Anzofu said.

Construction Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Fixing the tile below the discharge pipe

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water user committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

The committee has already led their community to build a fence to protect the spring area.


The Water Project : 28-kenya18145-thank-you


09/13/2018: Emachembe Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Hosea Spring is making people in Emachembe Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18145-piece-of-cloth-being-used-to-seive-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Sponsors - Abdul Rahim & Bebi Jamela