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The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Finished Latrine Platform
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Has A Latrine
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Well Built Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household Cow
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  A Household That Uses The Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring -  Unprotected Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 400 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 08/08/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Mushianda Spring is located in Ivinzo Village, in Shibuli sublocation within Kakamega County.

A normal day involves waking up every morning as early as 5am. Both men and women have their daily routine and activities lined up for the day.

Since the area is near a market center, the men, who are mostly motorbike operators and small-scale farmers, prefer to start farm work as soon as the first light hits the ground. The women prepare the children for school.

The farm work is done for two hours by the men. They then proceed to the market center to start the motorbike business. The women take over the farm work after sending the children to school. Most women are also involved in other household chores such as fetching water, cooking and washing clothes.

Other women are employed either as teachers or run a small business. In such cases, the farm work is delegated to relatives or neighbors.

Water

This particular spring serves a population of about 400 people, with more people opting to fetch their water there during the dry season. At that time, other sources run dry or the water levels are too low to serve the ever-increasing population of the village.

A water shortage for this community means the women have to travel to other villages to get water for drinking. The people of this community already started mobilizing some of the materials needed to protect the spring in order to reduce cases of water-related diseases among them.

This spring was referred to us by the beneficiaries of a similar project from a neighboring village who saw how their neighbors are having a hard time getting clean and safe water.

“We have really desired to get clean water for a very long time. We have been suffering from diseases all along wondering where our refuge would come from,” Mr. Daniel Asila said.

They were so happy to have us visit their spring, as they had initially been stuck trying to raise money to complete the protection on their own.

Since the water source is on a rock, there is a sort of a water basin where the water flows in and is allowed to settle before one can fetch it using a small plastic container or a jug. The water is then poured it into bigger jerrycans.

The gathered water is stored at home in bigger plastic containers or basins, depending on the purpose of use. Drinking water is either stored in 5-liter plastic water jerrycans or clay pots inside the house.

The current water source is contaminated, the water is open and there are no measures in place to block pollutants from infecting the water – surface runoff washes into the source and animals drink from it.

“Several times we have had upset stomachs due to the dirt flows that into this water, but now God has listened to our cries. Many people have had their children admitted to our nearby health clinic due to water-related diseases, but now we are sure all these will be eliminated,” Mr. Asila said.

Sanitation

More than half of households have latrines. Most of the latrines are mud-thatched. The foundations are also made of wood and mud. The roofing in most cases is done by iron sheets.

In some cases, the latrine structure is made of polythene bags, with no doors and no roofs. The smell of these latrines is not so good.

With this kind of latrines, the children opt to help themselves outside due to the fear that they may hurt themselves or even fall into the pit.

A majority of the people dispose their garbage at their farms. When the pits are full the compost dirt is picked up and papers are burnt. That then turns into manure to use with the crops.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/12/2019: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring Project Complete

Ivinzo Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Mushianda Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned with the help of our main contact person on the ground, Mr. Asila. He went around the community inviting anyone who uses water from Mushianda Spring.

Attendance was not as great as we had anticipated. We had expected at least 20 participants who initially confirmed attendance, but we had 12 show up. We realized that a good number of them had gone out to town to conduct small business.

Community members brought out chairs from the nearby homes

It started out as a cold morning, but as we went on with the training it started getting hot so we had to keep moving under the shade that trees could provide. This was the trend until the end of training.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

During one of the activities, we were able to look at hygiene practices that are common in local households. We also introduced all of the tools and facilities a healthy household should have. Some confessed to not having some of the facilities, mostly being drying racks for utensils and clotheslines. They promised to work on them after realizing that such items can contribute to the wellbeing of their family members.

The community members were very honest about their current hygiene practices and how they handle their food and water at home. There was a laughing moment as some who previously lied about having good latrine structures and other things were later on embarrassed when their neighbors started pointing out that they had never seen those things there.

“This training has enlightened me more on issues of sanitation and how the hygiene of my home affects that of the entire village as well. I am now going to work towards ensuring that the health of my household and that of my neighbors is secured,” said Mrs. Nanjala.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Construction at Mushianda Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

The only challenge was that there weren’t enough people to help our artisan to get the work done. The young people were not willing to sacrifice their time at the local market as they earned their daily bread. The elderly men and women, therefore, tried their level best to help out. The artisan had to do extra work in order to complete the spring in good time.

“I am particularly very happy to have this project implemented at this time. We now have clean water for use and nothing can now prevent us from engaging in other economic activities that would help us save money,” said Mr. Asila.

Some of the community members plan to divert the extra water flowing from the spring to fill fish ponds. They are so excited that they’ve already registered as fish farmers!

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly. The community members have built a fence to ensure the water point is protected from destruction from people and large animals, and they have a schedule to plant grass to prevent erosion and some traditional trees to conserve water.


The Water Project : 18-kenya18148-flowing-water


01/02/2019: Ivinzo Commuity, Mushianda Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Mushianda Spring is making people in Ivinzo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18148-unprotected-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)