Loading images...
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Mary Fedha
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Finished Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Finished Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Latrine Platform Construction
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Water Treatment Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Fedha Mukhwana Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Clothes Drying On Line
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Beans Plantation
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  An Improvised Dishrack
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  A Cow Grazing In An Open Field
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  A Community Member Stands By His Temporal Latrine
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Woman Pours Water Into Jerrycan
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Vegetable Growing At A Compost Pit
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Sample Latrines In This Commuinty
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Pouring Water Into Jerrycan
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Poor Drainage System For The Spring
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Picture Of Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Mr Mukhwana Poses For A Picture
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Mary Mukhwana Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Lifting Up Jerrycan Of Water
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring -  Kitchen

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 02/28/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Fedha Mukhwana Spring is found in Lunyi Village of Kakamega County.

The people in the community wake up very early in the morning to work on their farms and prepare their children to go to school. The domestic work is predominantly done by women.

A few young men work as bicycle and motorcycle taxis, in what is known as the ‘boda-boda’ business, to make money for their families.

The community living near the spring grow maize and sugarcane. The community is special because its members use farming to support their children’s education. So, it is a hard-working community. They not only work hard, they work smart.

Water

The children and women are the people who usually come to collect water, using jerrycans and buckets.

Small containers, such as jugs or tins, are used to fill up the big jerrycans. In some cases, the containers are directly submerged under the water.

Dipping the containers inside the water source leaves it turbid and unsafe for human consumption. In addition to that, fingers get inside the water as they push containers under it, which transfers germs to the water. The spring is also open to contamination by animals and children who do put waste material at the water source.

This water is not safe for human consumption, yet these people cannot afford to protect the spring by themselves. Many people in this village have had diarrhea that can be attributed to consuming unsafe water from the spring.

“We urge the organization to consider us with the project so as to reduce on cases of waterborne diseases that are affecting us whereby most people have to travel for long distances in search for clean water, this may reduce such cases if we are considered,” Mr. Shadrak Chivui said.

The majority of the spring users do not have big water storage containers. Consequently, they store water in the same jerrycans used to collect it. Most of the time, water is used to do household chores, like washing and cooking, immediately after it is fetched.

The containers are scrubbed with sand, steel wool, and tree leaves to keep them clean. Unfortunately, cleaning of the containers is done infrequently and in haste. As a result, steel wool particles remain inside the jerrycans. This is dangerous to human health when ingested.

The spring users are willing and ready to work with the organization to protect their water point.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of households in the community have latrines.

The available latrines are dirty and full of flies that have been attracted by the smell emanating from the latrines. Most of the latrines are almost full because many people will share a single facility.

We also observed that rubbish is disposed in the garden and it is not burned. It is left there, thus making the place smelly.

The general assessment of the community revealed that most of the people are willing to change the status quo and to climb up the hygiene and sanitation ladder.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/12/2019: Lunyi Community, Fedha Mukhwana Spring Project Complete

Lunyi Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Fedha Mukhwana Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Fedha Mukhwana Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“I’m grateful because we now have clean and safe drinking water. Initially, we had many cases of waterborne diseases, especially to children and expectant mothers. We were using a lot of resources for treatment of these diseases, and some even lost their beloved ones,” reflected Mrs. Fedha.

Mrs. Fedha

“Now that we have this protected spring, water-related diseases will be a thing of the past. Our hygiene and sanitation standards will improve tremendously and the resources we were using for medication will now be channelled to income-generating activities which will now improve our living standards. Thank you and God bless you.”

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

The concrete dried over the course of five days. The community has planted grass along the water catchment point to prevent erosion, and they are also planning to fence the area so as to protect the water source from interference by people and animals. On the other hand, the community is in the process of forming a self-help group so that they can start undertaking income-generation activities.

With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

The village elder went door to door to spread information about our hygiene and sanitation training. The recruitment involved representations of all types of community members: elders, women, men, youth, and even small children.

It was a sunny and hot day, so the participants and the facilitator agreed that the training be held under the trees close to the spring site. The cool breeze under the trees was great.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

Some of the younger participants helped by holding up illustrations of good and bad practices around the spring.

During the dental hygiene lesson, the facilitator took the participants through dental diseases, why practice oral hygiene, and demonstrated the practical ways of brushing teeth.

When the facilitator inquired how many had brushed their teeth that day, many hands were raised up. She joked and informed the participants about how bad it is to lie, and at this point, at least three-quarters of the audience put their hands down. She asked for reasons why some people never brush their teeth and realized that they didn’t realize the consequences. Others said they couldn’t afford toothpaste and toothbrushes. At this point, she encouraged them to use local materials such as a chewed stick and a pinch of salt as toothpaste.

“This training will help us improve our hygiene and sanitation standards in our community. Initially, we did not know the correct hygiene practices, and that is why we were always suffering waterborne diseases,” said Mrs. Musango.

“Now that we have gotten the information we promise that we will put whatever we have been told to use, surely we will be guaranteed a healthy community.”


The Water Project : 19-kenya18151-water-flowing


01/02/2019: Lunyi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Fedha Mukhwana Spring is making people in Lunyi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18151-mary-mukhwana-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

2 individual donor(s)