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The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Belinda Ogutu A Water User Stands Beside Her Grass Thatched Latrine
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Clothes Left On The Ground To Dry
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Filling Container With Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Firewood Left To Dry Outside A Community Members House
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Homestead
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Homestead With Chicken And Cat
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Nancy Shakava Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Picture Showing Contaminated State Of Jjeremiah Mashale Spring
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Storage Of Water In Households Kitcehn
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring -  A Bathroom Made Of Sacks Behind A Households Compound

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Needs Some Attention

Last Checkup: 04/16/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Jeremiah Mashela Spring is situated in Shirugu Village of Kakamega County. The village is inhabited by the Kabaras people of the Luhya tribe.

The people of Shirugu Village wake up every morning to go and fetch water from the spring. Afterward, they partake in various agricultural activities in their farms such as planting maize for consumption and sugarcane to sell to the nearby Kabaras Sugar Company’s factory.

Water

This spring serves more than 30 households who use the water for drinking and various household chores.

The water is gathered using gourds, jugs, and buckets that in turn fill big water containers. The current water source is contaminated due to nearby soil erosion, making the water dirty. Some people also dip their feet inside the water while drawing water from this source, further contaminating the source.

“People in this community suffer a lot from diarrhea and typhoid due to drinking contaminated water in the spring,” Nancy Shakava said.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of households have latrines. Because many people depend on the same facility, most of the latrines are almost full. The available latrines are dirty, full of flies that have been attracted by the smell emanating from the latrines.

“My neighbor does not have a latrine so she crosses over to use mine whenever she wants to go for long calls,” Mrs. Shakava said.

The average household disposes of its garbage in the kitchen gardens where it decomposes into manure for crops.

“Most of the people in this area do not wash their hands after using latrines and they go on to cook with the same dirty hands, then later on their families start suffering from diarrhea,” Mrs. Shakava said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/18/2019: Shirugu Community, Mashela Spring Project Complete

Shirugu Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Mashela Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Mashela Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“We shall see no more disgusting, dirty water which was full of tadpoles and some frogs. We as a community had suffered a lot because of the dirty water which was there before. No one since I was born has ever taken an initiative to help us protect this spring,” said Mr. Soita.

“I am glad we as a community are going to get access to safe drinking water and I believe there will be minimal reports about waterborne diseases because of the help you people have done to us.”

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

The community members came to training in large numbers despite there being work to do on the farms. The weather was sunny as we met at a community member’s homestead under a tree, a central meeting place for everyone.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

The community members were taken through spring maintenance. They were taken to the spring to have an onsite training. The facilitators told them the dos and don’ts of activities around the spring such as not washing clothes near the spring area, not stepping on top of the spring box, and many others.

The community members asked questions and were happy to learn about the parts of the spring and how to ensure that the spring serves them for years to come.

“Through this training, we have learned new things that we have never heard about, the efforts of The Water Project have not only brought us many sanitation platforms but also the new technique of water purification that is very cost-effective for most of us. We know this could not have been possible without sacrifices on the part of various stakeholders to record this great success,” said Mr. Shitsimi.

“Thank you for the quality training, more for the concept of solar disinfection of drinking water and community-led total sanitation skills.”

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 28-kenya18152-thank-you


01/24/2019: Shirugu Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Jeremiah Mashela Spring is making people in Shirugu Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18152-nancy-shakava-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

St. Therese Foundation