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The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Violet
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Makeshift Drying Rack
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Water Point Of Shapaya Mavonga Spring
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Using Water In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Latrine With Metal Roof And Siding
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Floor State Of Bathrooms
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Filling Up Pot To Fill Up Jerrycan With Spring Water
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  Beryl Mavonga Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Shirugu Community A -  A Community Member Stands Beside Her Latrine

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/28/2019

Project Features

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Shapaya Mavonga Spring is situated in Shirugu Village of Kakamega County. The village is inhabited by the Kabaras people of the Luhya tribe.

The people of Shirugu Village wake up every morning to go and fetch water from the spring. Afterward, they partake in various agricultural activities in their farms such as planting maize for consumption and sugarcane to sell to the nearby Kabaras Sugar Company’s factory.


The spring serves water to more than 30 households in the community. Containers are submerged directly under the water or small jugs are used to fill large jerrycans in order to collect the water. The containers are then carried home. The majority of people do not have big water storage containers in their homes. Consequently, they store water in the same jerrycans used to collect it.

Most of the time, water is used to do household chores immediately after it is fetched.

This water is not safe for human consumption, yet these people cannot afford to protect the spring by themselves. Many people in this village have suffered from diarrhea that can be attributed to the unsafe water from the spring.

The spring users are willing and ready to work with the organization to help them protect their water point.

“We are very eager to be helped so as to reduce cases of waterborne diseases,” Mrs. Violet Vilika said.


Fewer than half of households have latrines. Because many people depend on the same facility, most of the latrines are almost full. The available latrines are dirty and full of flies attracted by the smell emanating from the latrines.

“My neighbor does not have a latrine so she crosses over to use mine whenever she wants to go for long calls,” Mrs. Nancy Shakava said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!