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The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Weku Spring
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Water Containers And Cloths Drying On A Clothline
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Washing Pots
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Walking Up The Hill With The Water
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Returning Home With Water
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Pots And Pans Drying Rack
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Maize Plantation
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Community Members Smearing Their Houses For Decoration
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  Carrying Jerrycan Filled With Water On Head
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  A Pig Resting On A Pile Of Dirt
The Water Project: Ematetie Community -  A Cow Grazes At An Open Field

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/28/2019

Project Features


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Community Profile

Weku Spring is located in Ematetie Village of Kakamega County.

The people from Ematetie Village wake up very early in the morning to work on their farms and prepare their children to go to school. The community members living around the spring keep dairy cattle and grow crops including maize, groundnuts, bananas, and vegetables. Most of the women take the vegetables to market in the evening, when still fresh, for selling.

Some members of the community are involved in brick making to earn extra income. There are many construction projects going on in the area, thus there is a ready market for bricks.

The community is special because, through these economic activities, the people are able to educate their children and provide for their family needs.

Water

People collect water from Weku Spring by using small plastic containers which they pour into 20-liter plastic jerricans and carry the filled containers to the respective home. That water is then stored in bigger clay pots and containers with a capacity of 50 to 100 liters.

Some store the water in the same containers they collected the water with from the unprotected spring.

After conducting a baseline survey at Ematietie Primary School and having introduced ourselves as working for WEWASAFO, one member of the school informed me that there was an unprotected spring in the neighborhood that could be protected if it met the requirements.

The unprotected spring has a large discharge of water and does not dry up in the dry season. It has been in a deplorable condition with no maintenance on it for many years.

Most of the community members have suffered from water-borne diseases such as diarrhea, typhoid, and stomachaches.

After the protection is over, the spring will get a major facelift. It will make a positive impact on the local community through the provision of clean and safe water and general sanitation.

Sanitation

Fewer than half of the households in the village have latrines. Most of the latrines that exist are made of wooden floors with superstructures made of banana leaves, polythene papers, mud, and iron sheets.

It is projected that the other members of the community who will not directly benefit from the sanitation platform will take the initiative to improve their toilets or put up entirely new ones.

“The sanitation facilities and health promotion campaign through trainings will enable, enlighten and capacity build the community to take matters related to community health as a priority,” Mr. Dickson Weku said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Imago Dei Community