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The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Christine Aswani
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Protecting Behind The Discharge Pipe
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Foundation Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Samuel Indeche
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Water Handling Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Respectable Mr Indeche Introduces Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Handing Out New Notebooks And Pens
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Child Carrying Water On Her Head
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Duncun Drawing Water At Chepnonochi Spring
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Duncun Mulaka At The Water Source
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Jerrycan Fills With Spring Water
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  The Unprotected Water Source Of Chepnonochi
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  This Is What One Of The Families In This Village Uses As A Bathroom
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Women Carry Harvested Tea Leaves
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  A Household Bathroom Made Of Dry Maize Stalks
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  A Latrine With Dry Maize Stalks Used To Construct Walls It Has No Door Neither Does It Have A Roof
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Cases Of Open Defecation In Latrine Floors
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Child Carrying Water Container
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Collecting Water From Spring
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Duncun Carrying Water To His Home
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Jescah Isadia A Water User
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Lack Of Cloth Lines Leading To Cloth Hanging On Plantations
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Mary Amboka With Her Kids Use Water From Chepnonochi Spring
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Tea Leaves Fresh From Being Harvested
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Tea Plantation
The Water Project: Chepnonochi Community -  Unprotected Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 479 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 02/28/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Chepnonochi Spring is an unprotected spring that is serving 479 people from 40 households across Chepnonochi Village. It is an unsafe water source and is in need of protection.

Women in this community spend their days digging on their farms, as casual laborers, or tilling their own kitchen gardens. Others are mothers and wives who are busy with household chores like fetching water and preparing food for the children. Some have small-scale businesses where they sell small fish, greens, and tomatoes to their neighbors.

The special thing about people from this community is the genuine love and concern they have for one another.

They share information about development issues among themselves and pull resources together to meet their goals.

They are also hardworking environmentalists who plant trees on their small plots of land. These trees are sold to make a living or are harvested upon maturity to make buildings or furniture for sale.

Water

Chepnonochi Spring attracts a lot of people during the dry spell since it always has water and is near Senende Center. However, in its current state, a lot of time is wasted fetching water from the spring. The entrance to the spring is slippery and muddy, putting people at risk of plunging into the water point as they fill their containers.

There is an improvised plastic pipe inserted into the spring eye to dispense the water. A lot of water is wasted because the pipe is not funneling enough of the spring’s water. In its current state, the spring is open to contamination by human waste, animal activity, soil erosion, and proximate farming.

The community members got the contact information of the field officer who implemented a rainwater tank project at Bumuyange Secondary School and called asking for the protection of this spring.

People us a variety of containers, such as jerrycans of different sizes and buckets, to fetch the water. We observed that none of these containers had covers. The water is tapped from this pipe directly into the containers.

The lack of safe water exposes people to diarrheal diseases and other waterborne infections. Users confirmed that they experience coughs are a result of drinking the water.

Some users also spend a lot of money to treat the water either by boiling or with chemicals, such as chlorine.

“As a community, we have battled with waterborne diseases of various kinds due to the unsafe water we get from Chepnonochi Spring. Most of the children have suffered stomachaches and diarrhea in a recurrent manner, more so during the dry spell,” Mrs. Jessica Isadia said.

The condition of this spring is expected to change in the near future because the community members have demonstrated willingness to rewrite history by participating in the spring protection project.

Sanitation

We estimate that more than half of households have latrines. Most of the latrine slabs were made of logs or off-cuts from tree bark, while others were smeared using cow dung.

Maintaining cleanliness is hardest during wet seasons. Thus, most of the latrines we saw were smelly and attracted flies. However, a few household latrines were neat and clean.

“The problem is compounded by people who lack latrines and have to rely on the bush or share with the neighbors as the only option,” Mrs. Isadia said.

Garbage is mainly kitchen waste that is reused to feed the chickens or household pets. Any excess waste is disposed of in compost pits that are then used to fertilize crops.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/13/2019: Chepnonochi Community Project Complete

Chepnonochi Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Chepnonochi Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Chepnonochi Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“For as long as I can remember, this water has served this community steadily without running out. The perennial issue had been that it was open to all sorts of contamination. But now it has not only been protected, but it has acquired a nice structure and shape that make the access more convenient to users,” said Mr. Indeche.

“The bacteriological results that we have received have also encouraged us that our water is free from pathogens. Therefore, water safety all depends on us based on how we shall handle it henceforth.”

Mr. Indeche and his grandson at the spring

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. But the terrain to the spring ended up being too uneven and steep for wheelbarrows, posing a technical challenges in ferrying construction materials to the spring. However, children and their parents helped our artisan by carrying building materials on their backs using sacks and other containers.
Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

People passing along stones so that the artisan can protect the water behind the discharge pipe

The concrete dried over the course of five days.

The community has been trained to form a very strong management committee that will oversee all the activities carried out at the spring. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly. The group was advised to seek the advice of our organization when there is a major issue that may require our help.

The spring users have already put up a fence around the spring. They have complimented the fence by planting shrubs around it so that should the fencing poles dry and rot, the shrubs will replace them.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

The spring user committee mobilized spring users by going from house to house to announce the upcoming training. Mrs. Christine Aswani helped find the best place and time to ensure the biggest turnout.

Community members opted to meet along the path leading to the spring

The attendance was extraordinary because there were both young and old there eager to learn. Some of the participants, namely Mr. Indeche and Mrs. Khavehi, happened to be representing the local government and church leadership, and were also elected as part of the spring user committee.

Mr. Indeche addressing the participants about how important hygiene and sanitation is

There was a lot of rapport already established because of our work in the children’s schools. Most of the kids who attended training already had a rainwater tank, so they understood the impact of clean water.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

Learning how to best care for the spring so that it continues to yield clean water

Participants were very willing to share their past experiences in regards to poor hygiene and sanitation and consequential illnesses. These experiences helped the adults in the meeting discuss and agree on rules and regulations to safeguard their spring and its water quality. Children readily took part in demonstrations of handwashing and the lesson on water treatment.

Children follow along as Trainer Erick demonstrates each step of handwashing

All of the discussions were very fruitful. Some participants were already practicing good hygiene habits for the wrong reasons. They needed to know the connection between good hygiene and good health. For example, people would wash their hands only when they smelled bad out of fear that other people would be disgusted by them.

“The workshop has inspired, corrected, and rebuked us,” said Mrs. Aswani.

“We have gotten rich information on how to deal with environmental constraints that derail efforts put to achieve universal health coverage.”

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 35-kenya18161-flowing-water


01/02/2019: Chepnonochi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Chepnonochi Spring is making people in Chepnonochi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18161-collecting-water-from-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

4 individual donor(s)