Loading images...
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Mama Gathers Water And Child Watches
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Toilet
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Lawrence Mashirobe
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Goats Grazing
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Farm Land
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Collecting Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Children Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Children At Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Caroli Indika
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  Boaz Anjia
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  A Hole On The Ground Surrounded By Twigs Used As A Latrine
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring -  A Chlorine Dispenser At The Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/28/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Mashirobe Spring is an unprotected water point that is found in Shitoto Village in Kakamega County of Western Kenya.

A normal day begins early in the morning since a majority of the members of the village are motorcycle taxi (boda boda) riders and casual laborers in the nearby larger town of Kakamega.

“I normally wake up as early as 5am to start my boda boda business. I run the business the whole day until about 7pm in the evening then retire to my home,” Mr. Boaz Anjia said.


The spring is a permanent water source that serves more than 60 households.

Mr. Anjia attended one of our trainings in another village, introduced himself, and then directed us to Mashirobe Spring in his own village of Shitoto.

“This water source has been here since I was born. This spring has been serving members of the village for more than 65 years,” Mr. Lawrence Mashirobe said.

Members of the spring have improvised a pipe which directs water into their uncovered jerrycans. Water fetched at the spring is stored in drums and the remaining water is stored in the jerrycans.

“We have made efforts to reach our area member of the County assembly to assist us in protecting this spring. The response has not been positive,” Mr. Caroli Indika said.

The lack of access to safe drinking water leads to the spread of waterborne related diseases such as cholera and typhoid.

“We have been experiencing waterborne related diseases. We are grateful to the Lord for [The Water Project] developing an interest to protect this spring,” Mr. Mashirobe said.

“We are looking forward to seeing this spring protected.”


Most of the households have at least one form of sanitation facility an indicator that the village has a positive attitude towards hygiene and sanitation. The most common examples found are clotheslines, pit latrines, dish racks, and bathrooms.

As we visited the various homes, we were able to see a common trend in the structures of the latrines. Quite a number had thatched structures with the floors made of timber.

Some community members share latrines because they are unable to put up their own due to the fact that they are expensive to construct. Garbage is of disposed of in their farms which is allowed to decompose and later on used as manure.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

01/02/2019: Shitoto Community, Mashirobe Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Mashirobe Spring is making people in Shitoto Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18162-mama-gathers-water-and-child-watches

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


2 individual donor(s)