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The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Pit For Latrine
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Solar Disinfection Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Solar Disinfection Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Walking To Collect Water
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Young Boy With Jerrycan
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Woman And Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Mzee
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Mrs Obanda Beside Her Latrine
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Latrine With Metal Walls And Roof
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Cow House
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Children Bringing Water Home
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Birds
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Bathroom Floor
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  Animal Waste Dumpsite In The Community
The Water Project: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring -  A Common Household

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/17/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Wambosani Spring is an unprotected water point that is found in Upper Visiru Village of Vihiga County.

A normal day’s work begins at 6 in the morning. The adults prepare to go to their farms while the children prepare to go to their respective schools. Most of the community members are casual laborers in the nearby towns of Majengo and Mbale.
Due to lack of sufficient land for farming, members of the village practice farming at a small scale just to feed their families.

Water

The spring serves more than 60 households, not to mention the nearby Magui Primary School. The spring always flows with water and is especially popular during droughts.

Despite the spring serving a large number of people, it has never been protected.

“On so many occasions, we tried to come up with ways to protect this spring but all has never been positive,” Mr. Ezekiel Ageso said.

Water from the spring is gathered using a jug or a plastic container which is immersed in the pool of water and then poured in jerrycans.

Water sourced at the spring is used almost immediately – most of the members have no storage containers in their homes. A majority of the members can’t afford to buy the storage containers.

We could easily see that the spring water is contaminated. The catchment area is exposed to all types of contaminants. Even animals come to sate their thirst!

“We have had cases of typhoid in our village, this could be attributed to our water source being exposed to contaminants especially from human activities,” Seth Kiribwa, a farmer from the community, said.

Sanitation

When conducting our survey we realized that at least each home had one or two sanitation facilities – an indicator that the community attitude towards hygiene and sanitation is positive.

We estimate more than half of all households have a latrine. However, some members still share latrines because they are not able to put up their own due to the fact that they are expensive to construct.

A majority of the members told us that they have a kitchen garden where most of the garbage is disposed of and later on used as manure once it has decomposed.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


03/12/2019: Upper Visiru Community, Wambosani Spring Project Complete

Upper Visiru Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Wambosani Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Wambosani Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“The protection of Wambosani Spring is quite an achievement to all people in this community. As a community we have for decades suffered in terms of consuming dirty water and lack of proper knowledge on water, sanitation, and hygiene education,” said Mrs. Sirimbi.

“I am more than excited to be accessing clean and safe water as the problems of being sick and wasting more time at the spring is now history.”

A jerrycan filling with water at the spring

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Plastering the drainage canal

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

A latrine platform ready to go over the latrine pit

New Knowledge

The community has been trained to form a very strong management committee that will oversee all the activities carried out at the spring. Also, the group is being advised to always seek the advice of our organization when there is a major issue that may require our help.

The spring serves a large number of people, so we just requested that at least one family representative is in attendance. A majority of attendees were women and children since they are the ones who frequently access the spring. The community members had been trying to gather the resources needed to protect their spring for a long time, but have never been successful. Our arrival brought such joy to the community, so they were more than willing to be involved in each step of the way.

Discussing illustrations of good and bad hygiene habits

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

Participants practiced handwashing for themselves after the trainer demonstrated the process

Participants also elected leaders amongst themselves who will oversee the spring, delegate upkeep chores, and enforce rules for spring use.

“People perish due to lack of information. Personally, the training has made me acquire meaningful information that I never imagined I would find anywhere else. Most of the homes are going to experience a turnaround and their lives are going to change for the better,” said Mr. Asava.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 31-kenya18163-water-flowing


01/10/2019: Upper Visiru Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Wambosani Spring is making people in Upper Visiru Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18163-water-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Lake Buhl Yoga