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The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Group Picture
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Maize Grains Drying Outside A Community Compound
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Firewood Drying
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  The Inside Of The Latrine
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  A Latrine
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  A Boy Showing Us Around His Home
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Little Girl In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  A Homestead That Relies On The Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Fish In The Pond
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Fish Pond Fed By Spring
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring -  Unprotected Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/22/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Peninah Spring is located in Malava of Kakamega County. It is predominantly inhabited by the Kabras sub-tribe of the Luhyia.

A normal day begins at 5am. The wife of the house prepares children to go to school. She then proceeds to the farm where she spends most of the day either planting, weeding, or harvesting – depending on the season of the year.

Villagers practice small-scale farming by planting food crops such as sugarcane, maize, cassava, and beans. They also keep dairy cattle. A good number of the community members have wood lots on their pieces of land, which serve as a source of firewood and also for income generation when they sell the trees for timber or building projects. Some families oversee fish ponds that are filled with water from Peninah Spring.

Water

Peninah Spring serves 20 households who use the water for drinking, irrigation during dry seasons, and household chores.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role. Members of the community use small plastic containers to draw water from the unprotected spring and pour it into large plastic jerrycans. After drawing the water they carry it to their respective homes.

A member of the community visited Matete Girls Secondary School that had benefited from the construction of a 50,000-liter water tank. Upon inquiry, he visited the office and explained that he had an unprotected spring in his community.

“For a long time, this spring remained unprotected. It is a reliable source of water and serves many members of the community. It does not dry up during the dry season,” Mrs. Beatrice Mukhwana, a resident near the unprotected spring, explained.

“This community will greatly appreciate the protection of this spring”

This spring is open to contamination, predisposing its users to waterborne diseases, such as typhoid, diarrhea, amoeba, and malaria.

“It is a God-given opportunity and the idea of protecting the Peninah Spring will solve their water problems,” another community member said.

Protecting the spring will help empower the female members of the community by allowing them more time to engage and invest in income generating activities. In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure.

Sanitation

Less than half of all households have latrines. It was noted that quite a number of homes still do not have pit latrines with some people forced to share sanitation facilities.

In the community, we observed toilets with walls made of iron sheets. Some had mud walling. On other occasions, the walls are made of timber. The cleanliness of most toilets in the community is poor.

Some members of the community have compost pits in which they throw litter or garbage. Upon decomposition, the manure is used in the farms during planting season.

The sanitation facilities and health promotion campaign will enable, enlighten, and build the capacity for the community to take action on matters related to community health.

The community is willing to provide the locally available materials (sand, bricks, gravel) and to attend health and hygiene trainings.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Project Updates


02/14/2019: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring Project Complete

Shitirira Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Peninah Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Peninah Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“I thank God for enabling [you] to protect the spring. As a community we shall maintain the protected spring against any misuse or interference. As a community we are indeed very grateful,” said an excited Wycliffe Sumba.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly. The committee plans to build a fence around the spring area to protect the construction and water quality, keeping wild animals away.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

The community has been trained to form a very strong management committee that will oversee all the activities carried out at the spring. Also, the group is being advised to always seek the advice of our organization when there is a major issue that may require our help.

All training sessions were planned with the help of Madam Peninah Mwanzo, who mobilized the members of the community to attend the training. The participants were recruited mainly from those who depend on Peninah Spring for their water.

It was sunny outside when we met under a tree by the spring construction site. Madam Peninah arranged for plastic seats, and the environment was conducive for learning.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

Handwashing demonstration

The participants were shown the ten basic steps of handwashing to enhance hygiene and sanitation standards. This was interesting because most participants realized that they hardly follow any of the required steps. However, they agreed that the steps, once learned, are easy to practice.

Participants also elected leaders amongst themselves who will oversee the spring, delegate upkeep chores, and enforce rules for spring use.

Group picture

“Thank you so very much for the teachings on water sanitation and hygiene. I will put the teachings into practice at my home to improve the hygiene standards and will also educate others who did not have an opportunity to attend the training,” explained Mrs. Peninah Mwanzo.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 24-kenya18164-flowing-water


01/02/2019: Shitirira Community, Peninah Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Peninah Spring is making people in Shitirira Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18164-unprotected-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Jackson Family