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The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Young People Stand On Bridge Above Stream
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Woman Stands With Bucket To Collect Water
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Woman Carries Recently Fetched Water From Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Unprotected Visenda Water Source
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Fetching Water By Scooping
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Community Members Excited Of The Prospect Of Their Spring Being Protected
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Cloths Left To Dry On The Ground
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Childs Hands Filled With Jerrycans
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Child Fills Large Jerrycan
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  Child Carries Jerrycans Down To Water Source
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  A Child In The Community Heads To The Spring
The Water Project: Masera Community B -  A Bathroom Made From Bushes

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/28/2019

Project Features


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Community Profile

The community of Masera neighbors Murumba community, where we protected Shololwa spring. The members admired the fine work done and the clean water they consumed. So, they requested protection for their spring.

A normal day begins 5am. The wife of the house prepares the children to go to school. The adults then proceed to the farm where they spend most of the day either planting, weeding or harvesting – depending on the season of the year.

The majority of this people are small-scale farmers who plant maize and other subsistence crops like sweet potatoes. Very little is sold.

Young men in the area roam around the village hoping to get someone to hire them for manual labor. There are few jobs due to the low levels of education and lack of proper income generating projects.

The community members are united despite a high rate of unemployment and low literacy levels in the village. This was evident in the way we were welcomed while conducting the baseline survey.

Water

This unprotected spring is located in Emasera Village of Kakamega County and serves more than 30 households.

The spring beneficiaries use the water for drinking, various domestic needs, and irrigating their farms. They have mustered a standing stone and a rod to step on as they fetch water, so that they do not contaminate the source as they fetch water. Water is collected using a plastic container which is poured out into the larger jerrycans.

The water used almost immediately after collection. It is usually fetched when need arises. The remaining water is stored in the jerrycans – often without covers.

This spring is unprotected and thus contaminated in various ways. Farming activities, for example, are done very close to the water catchment area.

Sugarcane, the main cash crop in the area, planted close to the water spring. The various chemicals fertilizers and pesticides sprayed in the farm wash into the spring water when it rains.

This results in a high level of contamination. The community members cited many cases of stomachaches and the outbreak of waterborne diseases. Waterborne diseases like typhoid and diarrhea are rampant within this community.

Many people continue washing their clothes, watering their animals, and bathing in the spring due to the general lack of awareness of water pollution. This results in further water contamination.

Sanitation

Less than half of households in the community have latrines. The few that exist are in a poor state with mud walls full of cracks and floors that appear too dirty to enter. As a result, open defecation is an issue in the community.

The presence of dish racks, bathrooms, and few clotheslines symbolize the willingness of the community to do improve their sanitation and hygiene.

The majority of people dispose of their garbage by decomposing it in their farms. They believe produces a very effective kind of manure. On the other hand, they burn the plastic and paper.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors