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The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Group Discussions
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Group Discussions
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Clothes Hang On Flowers In The Compound
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Banana Plantation
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Water Source Of Obati
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Vincent Drawing Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Sample Household
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Poor State Of Latrine Floors
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Holding Up Bucket Of Collected Stagnant Water
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  Farmers On Their Plots
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  A Maize Farm
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  A Farm In The Community
The Water Project: Elutali Community, Obati Spring -  A Bathroom Made From Growing Bushes

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/19/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Residents in Elutali Village are peasants who survive on small-scale farming, small business enterprises, making bricks, and casual labor to fend for their daily bread.

Elutali Community is special. Although the terrain of the land is hilly, they make good use of the land by planting thick grasses that act as terraces to conserve soil erosion and feed their cattle.

These people, living below the poverty line, are the ones drawing water from unprotected Obati Spring. The spring serves more than 30 households not only for their drinking needs but also for making bricks.

Users come to the open spring with their own containers. They squat and immerse the containers to fetch water and bring it home. The gathered water is then stored in larger pots and barrels.

The water source is contaminated. Each and every user pollutes the source by immersing their containers in the water. Also, this water source is open and exposed to agents of contamination, such as runoff water.

Water shortages force the community members to travel long distances in search of clean water. The unsafe source leads to the outbreak of waterborne diseases, making people spend their resources on medication rather than for development.

“The water source as you have seen is an open source that is exposed to contamination. Most of us have suffered from waterborne diseases after consuming this water,” Mr. Joseph Shisievo said.

Some middle-class people do have plastic rainwater harvesting tanks while others have wells but their compounds are fenced so that other community members can’t get access to their water facilities.

More than half of households have latrines. Most of the pit latrines are made of mud walls, tree log flooring, and roofs with corroded iron sheets. These pit latrines are in a poor structural state, making it risky for users.

Garbage is collected and disposed of in a compost pit, which is later dug and used as organic manure for their banana plantations.

Protecting Obati Spring will amount to saving lives in Elutali Village.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/14/2019: Elutali Community, Obati Spring Project Complete

Elutali Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Obati Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Obati Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“I am so grateful. On behalf of Elutali Community, I sincerely want to thank you people for the great work you are doing for the communities in Western Kenya. I am sure we are not the first people to own an attractive project like this,” said Mr. Indache.

“The new water source discharges very clean water, and we are now accessing clean water within a very short time. Thank you so much…”

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

The field officer worked with our contact person in the community, Mr. Ombayo, informing him of the proposed date for training. Mr. Ombayo advised us on the best day that most of the community members would be free and willing to attend. He went ahead to mobilize community members to attend training, going from house to house to inform them of the agreed date, time, and venue.

The weather was so hot on training day. As the sun moved, participants would shift their seating arrangement to follow the shade of a tree. We held our training at Mrs. Margret Andayi’s homestead.

Several topics were covered during the training, such as personal and environmental hygiene, common local diseases and their prevention, and care of the water point. The ten steps of handwashing were demonstrated, along with demonstrations for dental hygiene and water treatment.

Participants were most interested in learning about what pollutes water. They came with the idea that industrial activity is the only thing that pollutes water. We were able to instruct that nearby farming contaminates drinking water, as well as latrines built nearby. They were advised to not build a latrine anywhere within 50 meters of the spring.

The community has also been trained to form a very strong management committee that will oversee all the activities carried out at the spring. The group is being advised to always seek the advice of our organization when there is a major issue that may require our help.

“Today we have learned so many things. I personally have been brushing my teeth before breakfast, which is so wrong. More so, I can’t remember the last time I changed my toothbrush. But according to today’s training, it is recommended that we change after three months,” said Mrs. Amayo.

“Solar disinfection is something also new we have learnt today. Treating drinking water using sun rather than boiling it using firewood will helped us reduce on firewood consumption. For us, we are thankful and we opt for this method as it is so economical!”

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 31-kenya18167-flowing-water


01/02/2019: Elutali Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Obati Spring is making people in Elutali Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18167-vincent-drawing-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)