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The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  A Chicken Nest
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  A Community Member Working On His Farm
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  A Latrine In This Community
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Clothes Drying On Clothesline
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Cow In Front Of Home
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Dishes Drying On Homemade Rack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Gardens And Standing Water
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Home
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Homestead
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Latrines
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Poor Condition Of Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Sample Dishrack
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Returning Home With Buckets Filled With Water
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Fetching Water At Shatsala
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Woman Fetches Water At Shatsala Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Woman Poses At Shatsala Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Shatsala Spring
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Shatsala Water Source
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  Water Point At Shiatsala Covered In Bushes
The Water Project: Irumbi Community A -  A Community Member Heading To The Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 250 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  11/30/2018

Project Features


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Community Profile

Irumbi Village is located in Western Kenya. Community members wake up by 5am to prepare their kids for school after which some go to the garden to plow.

Others go to nearby Kakamega Town for casual labor, while some remain at home to do the household chores and fetch water from the unprotected spring.

This community highly values farming. Most of the community members engage in planting crops and rearing livestock.

They practice crop cultivation by planting various food crops like maize, beans, yams, and sweet potatoes. In addition to keeping livestock around the source of the spring, there is a fish pond which has its own water source and an outlet. Crop cultivation takes place around the spring too.

Water

One of the community members from the village went for a burial ceremony in the neighboring community and saw a protected spring. On inquiry, she was directed to Wewasafo to receive the same spring protection in the community.

The community members gather water using plastic jerrycans and buckets at the unprotected Shatsala Spring. They place them at the improvized pipes for filling.

The water is then stored in larger plastic containers in their homes.

The water source is open and contaminated by surface runoff and human activities like farming. Community members are affected by waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea due to the safe water shortage.

“We are ready to receive help to reduce the outbreak of waterborne diseases which are caused by soil erosion, surface runoff and human activities like cultivation near the water sources,” Mrs. Petronilah Otunga said.

Sanitation

More than half of the households in the community have latrines. Those that have pit latrines are in poor condition.

Most of them are made of mud with iron sheets as walls. The floors often are made of logs and they use nylon papers and sacks as doors. The floors are in a critical condition. They can cause accidents to small kids and some adults.

They dispose of garbage in their gardens to use as compost.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/07/2018: Irumbi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Shatsala Spring is making people in Irumbi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18168-returning-home-with-buckets-filled-with-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Imago Dei Community