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The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Excavated Spring
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Little Boy Using Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Leaky Tin Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  John Helping Eldah Carry Water Back Home
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Eldah Getting Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Eldah Getting Water
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Eldah Chiteli
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Common Household
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Community Children
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Woman Working On Her Farm
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Cassava
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Sugarcane Farm
The Water Project: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring -  Road Leading Into The Community

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 120 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Apr 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Ndalusia Spring is located in Musango Village of Kakamega County.

With this being a rural community, its 120 people wake early in the morning with the aim of tackling farm work. The women prepare children for school and get breakfast ready for the family. During this time, the men milk the cows and prepare grass for them to feed.

The children then leave for school while the parents remain to finalize home chores before heading to the farm.

One of the chores that women do in the morning before going to the farm is fetching water. Young men and children also help the elderly fetch water.

Ndalusia Spring is found at the farm of Mama Eldah Chiteli, just a short distance from the town center. One can access Musango Village by both car and motorbike. The road Kakamega to Makunga is paved to Makunga shopping center. At this center, one takes to the murram road that leads to Musango Village. A small path leads downstream from Chiteli’s compound to the spring.

The unprotected spring serves many people who walk a short time before getting to the unprotected spring. The paths that the people take to the spring are overgrown and have potholes, making the journey difficult for the elderly to fetch water.

One goes to the spring with either a jug, a bowl or any small container that he or she will use to scoop water from the springs water source that has been dug out. This is then poured into the jerrycan or bucket to be carried home. It is an open source, which leaves it prone to contamination and gets even worse during the rainy season as runoff from farms drains into the water.

The people of Musango, especially the women, have a hard time taking care of their children due to the fact that they often fall sick from drinking the water. They spend their hard earned money on medication to treat the waterborne illnesses. This robs them off their time that would have been used doing other productive activities.

“I can’t even mention all the problems we have had as a result of using this water. We have had diarrhea and typhoid,” said Mrs. Eldah Chiteli.

Musango is highly vegetated with trees growing and the farms full of sugarcane that is grown for commercial purposes. The area is rural with a peaceful environment as you get deeper into the village. The houses are a mixture of permanent and temporary. Some are iron-roofed while others are thatched.

Few families meet over lunch. Many will have tea that was served for breakfast as lunch. On days set as market days, the women might leave the farms early so that they can visit the market and buy some house commodities. The men will go selling and buying cows on Saturdays. In the evening the children and women are at home doing house chores while the men can be found at the nearest shopping center catching up on different topics like politics, soccer and farming.

What we can do:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


04/03/2019: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring Project Complete

Musango Community is celebrating their new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Ndalusia Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Ndalusia Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“Finally, the unimaginable has happened. I never thought of a day that I would draw water flowing from a pipe. I am so, so happy. My grandchildren can now fetch water so easily and within a short time,” said Mrs. Chiteli.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. This process was delayed at times that they community had thought they gathered enough stones, but then the artisan would need more. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

Excavated spring

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipes.

Preparing the stairs

The ceramic tiles installed under the discharge pipes protect the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

Filling in the area between the spring eye and the discharge pipe

After the completion of the construction work, the community immediately called the field officer and asked if they could start accessing water. We went as a team to meet the community at the spring to do an official handing over ceremony. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

We worked with community member John Shisia to let everyone know about the importance of hygiene and sanitation. Mr. Shisia went door to door to invite each spring user to attend training where they could learn about good health. We held training outside under the shade of trees since there was a cool breeze.

Participants were reluctant at first because they thought the trainer might speak a foreign dialect. Once the trainer started talking in their native tongue they got excited about the sessions.

Participants waiting for training to start

They learned about:

– Leadership and governance
– Management and maintenance of the spring
– Family planning
– Personal hygiene, including handwashing

This topic was special as the participants got to try out how to wash their hands the correct way. The little ones seemed to enjoy it the most and wanted to do it over and over again.

We also taught how to build a leaky tin so that one person can wash their hands on their own


– Dental hygiene
– Waterborne and water-related disease, along with water treatment methods

Community members were also educated on how to handle water safely – from the moment it’s drawn at the spring to the point it is consumed at home. The facilitator was able to mention some of the do’s and don’ts during water handling. The community members were encouraged to cover their stored water and keep the containers clean.

“From today’s training, I have learned that my family has always eaten with dirty hands since we all wash our hands in one small basin with water that is not running. I will always use running water to ensure that we eat food with clean hands,” said Mrs. Shisia.


The Water Project : 21-kenya19086-flowing-water


02/06/2019: Musango Community, Ndalusia Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Ndalusia Spring is making people in Musango Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re building a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 11-kenya19086-eldah-getting-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

John and Maurine Cox Foundation
1 individual donor(s)