Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 01/13/2024

Project Features

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It was around 10am in the morning on Wednesday when we first visited the people of Lukova Community. It was a bright, sunny day and this weather was ideal for a productive visit.

Lukova is a traditional rural settlement wherein farm holdings have gradually decreased due to the subdivision of land. The community is peaceful and unified. They get a lot of rain, making the area very green. Since most families are producers of maize, sugarcane, beans, and sweet potatoes, this rain is eagerly welcomed.

Because Lukova is a farming community, the day starts at 6am. Children prepare for school while parents prepare breakfast and do house chores. Able-bodied adults are on the farm for most of the day, but they take a break at lunch to clean the house, fetch water for cooking, and take their cattle out to graze. There's more farm work until dinner.

There are 280 people in this area who rely on Wasike Spring to meet all of their water needs. There is plenty of water at this spring, but it is not safe for drinking. After drinking this water, people suffer from typhoid.

Water collection is mainly done by the women or children. They use a jug to draw water from the unprotected spring and pour it into their jerrycans. Most of them dip their hands into the water containers while collecting, which further dirties the water they plan to drink.

Once the water's back home, some people have no other way to store water and just leave it in the same plastic container. Others have been able to purchase a larger plastic container of 200 liters, but the majority believe in storing drinking water in a traditional clay pot covered with a plate. They believe that this clay pot keeps water cooler.

The containers used to store water are not cleaned often, and unclean cups or jugs are dipped into storage containers. Some of these containers don't have lids, so they're open to dust and insects that crawl in and out.

Access to quality water is an important key to economic prosperity and better living standards. Dirty water makes people sick. This means people with small businesses like "mboga" (selling vegetables) will not open their businesses. Children will not attend school. Sickness derails economic activities, hence accelerating poverty levels.

"I have lived in this community for decades now and the only source of our water is this unprotected spring. This has been our only hope for the surrounding people here and it's only God's mercies that we are alive because this water is exposed to a lot of dust, farm chemicals, and even open defecation but still we use it," said Joash Nyongesa.

"Personally, I have spent a lot of money on medication for my family for curing waterborne disease such as diarrhea, stomachache, and typhoid. This project will be of much help because it will minimize such diseases and my people will now be healthy."

What we can do:


"The matter of having toilets is crucial to creating a strong economy as well as improving health and protecting people's safety and dignity - particularly for women and girls," stated Mr. Henry Nyongesa.

"We as the people of Lukova Community have suffered a lot due to lack of access to clean drinking water and sanitation, along with the absence of good hygiene practices which leads to poor livelihoods within the community. So by addressing the sanitation challenge here we can improve not only the dignity of each individual, but also contribute to better health, safety, survival, and livelihoods for everyone."

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

July, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Lukova Community, Wasike Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Reviewing prevention reminders chart

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Lukova, Kenya.

How to build and use a tippy tap handwashing station

We trained more than 11 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Handwashing session

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Everyone practices the 10 steps of handwashing

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

Clean hands help keep the virus away

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Community members stand with the prevention reminders chart they installed at the spring

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Face mask tutorial

"Community members were surprised to learn that it was not proper to travel to a health facility when they see symptoms of Covid-19, rather they are to call a toll free number (719) that will let the health officers come for them in case they feel the symptoms of Coronavirus. This is because if someone has come in contact with an infected person and has to travel to the health facility, then the chances of infecting more people are very high and no one wants that," said Trainer Jacky Chelagat.

Cough and sneeze into the elbow

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Hot to properly put on and wear a face mask using one made at training

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

May, 2019: Lukova Community, Wasike Spring Project Complete

Lukova Community is celebrating its new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Wasike Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction to protect Wasike Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe!

The community members living here cooperated extremely well with our artisans. They provided everything we needed to make the work happen, including helpful hands during construction. Several people were always waiting nearby to jump in and help; they were so excited to see water flowing from Wasike Spring.

People started a group called "Wasike." Each household in the group is planning to contribute 50 shillings monthly in the case of needed repairs. This money will also be saved and loaned out to members when they need help.

"We shall take good care of this spring and we will invite you to come and teach us fish farming so that we can make good use of the water and earn income!" said Mr. Wasike.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe.

The ceramic tiles installed under the discharge pipe protect the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

We went as a team to meet the community at the spring to do an official handing over ceremony. With this spring now handed over to the community, we will continue to follow up with the water committee to make sure everything runs smoothly.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

As construction work began, we requested Mr. Joash to help us mobilize community members to attend a hygiene and sanitation training. We met in Mr. Joash's backyard with more than 20 participants.

Participants learned about:

– Leadership and governance for the spring committee
– Management and maintenance of the spring

The facilitator brainstormed with people to figure out the best ways to care for their protected spring. They gave the following responses:

- Avoid using soap at the spring
- Avoid washing at the spring
- No animals should be seen at the spring
- The spring should be fenced
- After completion of construction, grass should be planted to reduce soil erosion
- Heavy fines will be charged to those who will break the laws that govern the spring

They all agreed to follow what they were told to ensure that the spring lasts and will be used by future generations. This topic was made special when the chairperson said that there will be a heavy penalty to those who break the rules. Anyone found washing at the spring will pay 1,000 shillings, animals found closer to the spring will pay 2,000 shillings.

At the end of the session, people exclaimed: "I have no money to pay so I better do the right thing!"

– Family planning
– Personal hygiene, including handwashing

– Dental hygiene

– Waterborne and water-related disease, along with water treatment methods
– Water handling

Participants were really into the lesson on water handling as the facilitator demonstrated how water is further contaminated on the way home. She used her own example, that when she was a small girl she carried water in a bucket and she would cover it with leaves to keep the water from spilling over. The big question was, were the leaves clean?

She wanted to know if she is the only one who did this. Half of the people ended up raising their hands. The ensuing discussions were fruitful as people realized they had been contaminating water during the transport home.

"We lived in darkness in the past! Thank God who directed you to this village, as no one will suffer from waterborne diseases ever again. May God bless you as you continue to bless other communities who are having the same problem," said Mr. Wanyonyi.

Thank You for making all of this possible.

February, 2019: Lukova Community, Wasike Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Wasike Spring is making people in Lukova Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Lukova Community, Wasike Spring

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Lukova Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Sammy. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lukova Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lukova Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

"Before the project, the area around the spring was bushy and I was scared to go to the spring alone. I would waste a lot of time at the spring."

"Today we are happy and I have enough time to do my homework and revise my schoolwork. This has made my performance improve and I also have time to spend with my friends."

"I also have good health compared to other years. Before the spring was protected, I would suffer from waterborne diseases and flu from time to time."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lukova Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Lukova Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Google Inc.
Elizabethtown Brethren in Christ Church
Visa, Inc.
Loreto Abbey Dalkey
Microsoft Matching Gifts Program
Microsoft Matching Gifts Program
TripAdvisor LLC
The Clorox Company
Sarah's Campaign for Water
Carly 's Campaign for Water

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11 individual donor(s)