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The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Typical Water Storage
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Benard Munase
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring -  Man Working On His Farm

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  06/30/2019

Project Features

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Shihingo Village is a rural area away from town. It gets a lot of rainfall throughout the year, making the area look lush and green. Community members engage in small-scale farming growing crops like maize, beans, cassava and sugarcane. The area is so peaceful as the quiet is only interrupted by cows mooing. Most buildings are made of mud walls and iron roofs.

The leading cause of death in this community is malaria and waterborne diseases. Malaria is from all of the mosquitos here, and the waterborne diseases are from the dirty water people drink on a daily basis.

This dirty water is from Mang’weli Spring, which provides water for 200 people in this part of Shihingo. The water has pooled to the surface and is completely open to contamination. Green algae is always growing on the surface, and people have to clear it away before filling their containers. Dunking the container under the water normally fills it ¾ of the way, so a smaller cup is used to fill the larger container the rest of the way.

“Insufficiency of clean drinking water will make one spend a lot of money on purchasing clean water from water vendors, and it is tiresome and time-wasting traveling long distances to get this water,” said Mr. Benard Munase.

What we can do:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

“The community members have tried to own pits latrines within their compounds. But most of this pits are in bad conditions simply because of the nature of materials they used in constructing this pit latrines. Wooden logs placed at the base of the pit latrine are prone to termites thus making it risk to the users,” said Mr. Benard Munase.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

05/21/2019: Shihingo Community, Mangweli Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Mangweli Spring is making people in Shihingo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to solve this issue by building a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out again with news of success!

The Water Project : 3-kenya19094-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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