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The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Joseph Chitala
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Finished Spring Protection
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Excavation
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Bricks For Construction
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Bringing Bricks Down To The Construction Site
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Committee Leadership
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Miriam Ndevera
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Showing Us Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Miriam Fetching Water
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Cows Grazing
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Crops
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Miriam Ndevera
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Community Members
The Water Project: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring -  Typical Household

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 180 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/14/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“We try to sieve water from this spring but it doesn’t help in treating the contamination of the water. We get sick frequently and we suffer a lot, especially the children. We earn very little money from farming that hardly caters for our basic needs and yet we have to spend more on hospital bills,” said Mrs. Miriam Ndevera.

180 people living in Malava rely on dirty water from Ndevera Spring. The water is visibly dirty and unsafe for human consumption, but since the community members have no alternative they drink it and use it for other activities around their homes.

The community members contract waterborne diseases from drinking this water. This weakens their bodies and decreases their productivity throughout the day. They also spend a lot of money on hospital bills that could otherwise be used in the development of their livelihoods.

The community members in this region are mostly farmers, getting their income from selling sugarcane, maize, sweet potatoes, and dairy products. Motorbikes are the most common mode of transport, and the young men in the community have taken advantage of this by purchasing motorbikes of their own to provide taxiing services for a fee.

What we can do:

Training

“I am a pastor and I preach to the congregation that cleanliness is next to godliness, but most people in my community don’t keep their bodies and environment clean. They need to be trained more on proper sanitation and improved hygiene so that they can improve their hygienic standards,” said community members and pastor Isaac Mwanzo.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Less than half of the households relying on Ndevera Spring have a pit latrine of their own.

The condition of the latrines we observed is poor since they are dirty and smelly. Their floors are made of mud, and women or children use their bare hands to smear cow dung on the floor as a way of cleaning it. There is no water kept near the latrines, meaning they don’t wash their hands after using the latrines.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Mrs. Ndevera, the landowner where the spring is situated, lost her husband many years ago and took care of her children single-handedly. The children are now adults, married and with their own children. Her wish is to have the spring protected so that it can provide safe and clean water not only to her family, but also to other community members.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

“The protection of the spring will be a dream come true for me since I have been wishing for this for so many years. My children have suffered a lot from waterborne diseases, especially when they were young,” said Mrs. Ndevera.

“My grandchildren don’t have to go through the same suffering… We will forever be grateful.”

Project Updates


06/20/2019: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring Project Complete

Malava Community is celebrating its new protected spring, so celebrate with them!

Ndevera Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Ndevera Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“I have taken part in the construction of this spring and I am pleased with the professionalism that has been used to protect it. On behalf of the community, we are grateful for considering us for this project since now we can access safe and clean water,” said Mr. Chitala.

“I am sure that money used on hospital bills will be reduced since water-related sickness will be eliminated. The money saved can now be used in the economic development of our community,”

The Process:

Construction went on well without challenges since the community members were cooperative in providing local sand and stones for the artisan to use, and were always there to help with manual labor.

Bringing bricks down to the construction site

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete. Cement, waterproof coating, ballast, and sand were mixed together to make a very strong foundation.

Brickwork started whereby the artisan took all of the required measurements of the spring structure before proceeding with the work. Construction of the superstructure continued with discharge pipes fixed in the brick wall.

Stairs were built on one side of the spring to allow in and out movement by users.

Stone pitching along the lower part of the spring was done to prevent soil from eroding and blocking the outlet drainage. Finally, the plastering of the walls and the floor was done, and tiles were placed below the discharge pipes to keep the falling water from hitting the cement.

The spring was then left for two days to undergo curing and hardening before being backfilled using stones.

Polythene was stretched across the top and covered with soil to allow clean water to flow from the pipe. Community members promised to dig cut-off drainage at the slope of the spring to divert surface water from entering the spring and to also plant grass over the protected area to prevent erosion.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We will continue to encourage them to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors as we visit for monitoring and evaluation.

New Knowledge

“There had been many cases of people in our community suffering from water-related diseases because of consuming unsafe water. Through this training, we have learned how to treat water before drinking it so as to minimize sickness. Our hygiene standards will also increase tremendously because we will put into practice proper hygiene practices that we have been taught,” said Mrs. Ndevera.

“Thank you so much for educating us for free!”

We were set to start hygiene and sanitation training in the morning, but we had to wait an extra hour because we arrived to find community members still working on their farms. They knew about the training but had a hard time tearing themselves away from their work. Once they heard we had arrived, people started coming one by one.

Participants learned about topics including:

– Environmental hygiene
– Waterborne and water-related disease, along with water treatment methods
– Leadership and governance for the spring committee

We discussed qualities of a good leader and leaders were elected to head the water user committee that will oversee the spring’s management and maintenance activities.

Committee leadership

We were actually surprised to find that the community members had already appointed some of the leaders in advance. These leaders promised to take good care of the spring and also make sure the community members put into practice what they learned during the training.

– Management and maintenance of the spring


– Family planning
– Personal hygiene, highlighting handwashing and dental hygiene

One of the activities was the 10 steps of handwashing. First, the facilitator demonstrated how to wash hands properly and then two participants were also asked to do the same. This activity was special because the participants were open about how they always wash their hands and one of them went ahead to demonstrate how he wipes his hands with his shirt after washing. However, he was advised by the facilitator that there is no need for wiping his hands dry, but they should instead be left to dry on their own.

The participants were keen to wash their hands the right way and each and every one of them promised to make leaky tins (handwashing stations) in their homes. They also promised to brush their teeth well and change their brushes every after three months since most of them said that they have had their toothbrushes for more than two years!

Thank You for making all of this possible.


The Water Project : 34-kenya19098-flowing-water


04/03/2019: Malava Community, Ndevera Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Ndevera Spring is making people in Malava Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to solve this issue by building a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out again with news of success!


The Water Project : 8-kenya19098-miriam-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Yakima Foursquare Chuch