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The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Sanitation Platform In New Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Sanitation Platform In New Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Breaking Up Stones For Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Delivering Sand To The Artisan
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Spring Care Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Sample Latrine
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Cooking In Kitchen
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Sweeping The Compound
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Community Children
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Shaving Maize
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Washing
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Washing
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Doing Laundry
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  A Typical Home In The Community
The Water Project: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring -  Fetching Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/19/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Nalianya Spring is the primary place to get water for 210 people in Emulakha Community. People travel to the spring to fill large containers with water throughout the year.

“For a long time this spring has remained unprotected. It does not dry up during the dry season. It is a reliable source of water and serves many members of the community and pupils from the nearby Shibinga Primary School,” explained Mr. Ruben Kweyu, a resident who lives near Nalianya Spring.

Most of the 210 people who use the spring have suffered from waterborne diseases such as diarrhea and typhoid, all from drinking contaminated water.

Emulakha Community is peaceful and rural. During our first visit we noticed that most of the land is planted with maize and bean crops. Most homes are made of mud and clay walls and iron sheets for roofing. Fewer than half of households here have latrines for going to the bathroom. The hygiene and sanitation standards are low and improvement is necessary, our teams report. In some cases, the toilets were infested with maggots.

Most people here make a living as farmers. Some people who can afford the materials and tools to make bricks do so. Bricks from this area are sold to the larger town of Kakamega to support its ongoing infrastructure development. Some other men wake up early to work as motorcycle taxi drivers while others work as construction day laborers in Kakamega.

Meanwhile, women wake up early to get water from the spring for doing chores. Then most women work in farms to earn a living. The children spend their days in school, but also have to help fetch water and complete other household tasks during the day.

Protecting this spring will go a long way in improving the hygiene and sanitation standards in this community. Access to water will be enhanced and women will be getting water easily, thus giving them time to undertake other economically viable enterprises.

What we can do:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Project Updates


05/01/2019: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring Project Complete

Emulakha Community is celebrating its new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Nalianya Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Nalianya Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“At least our lives will be better with this protected water. Our school children who usually fetch water here can now smile. We thank God for this intervention,” said Aisha Murayi.

The community members held a meeting to mark the completion and commissioning of the protected spring. The event was marked with prayer and thanksgiving. They are sure that the protected spring will greatly help to improve hygiene standards within the community, and hence improve their quality of life. They appreciate that the households will spend less time fetching water and spend more time on other economic activities.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe.

The ceramic tiles installed under the discharge pipe protect the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. After the backfilling was done at the reservoir area, the community members were already waiting and ready with poles and nails to help the artisan fence in the area. They have also planted grass around the spring box and cement catchment area to prevent erosion.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. While some families have entirely finished their new latrines, others still need to build a superstructure. We will continue to encourage them to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors as we visit for monitoring and evaluation.

New Knowledge

Our community contact presented the most convenient dates for us to hold hygiene and sanitation training, advising that we’d get the best turnout if we met in the morning. He also helped us recruit participants by going door to door inviting the families who use Nalianya Spring.

The attendees were all so active, but especially the men. They would speak up a lot about each and every topic, asking clarifying questions when they didn’t understand.

Participants learned about:

– Leadership and governance for the spring committee
– Management and maintenance of the spring


– Family planning
– Personal hygiene, including handwashing

The facilitator began by asking the participants if they clean their hands. He requested a volunteer to illustrate how they wash their hands. A female participant volunteered and came up front. After she was done, the facilitator then demonstrated the proper way to wash hands, using the ten handwashing steps. Participants repeated each step as he went along. We also learned that nobody uses soap when they wash their hands, so the facilitator talked about its importance.

After the facilitator showed everyone how to build a leaky tin handwashing station, one older traditional man stood up and said that it is his wife’s task to ensure that the leaky tins are always filled. Everyone burst into laughter when the facilitator challenged him on that: What would he do in case his wife went on a journey and the water ran out? The man bowed his head down at this point while the trainer urged the man to help his wife so they could all live a healthy, happy life.

– Dental hygiene
– Waterborne and water-related disease, along with water treatment methods

Both handwashing and toothbrushing are new concepts for this group of people, so the facilitator plans to check progress during each monitoring visit in the future.

“We thank the organization for finding time to come and give us this long-awaited knowledge,” said Mr. Kweyu.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 18-kenya19101-flowing-water


03/05/2019: Emulakha Community, Nalianya Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Nalianya Spring is making people in Emulakha Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 13-kenya19093-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

The Pallante Family
1 individual donor(s)