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The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Training Begins
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Willing Participant
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Active Participation
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Toothbrushing Demonstration
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Training Complete
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Sanitation Platform Recipient
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Running Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Slurp
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Cooling Down
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Camera Shy
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Students Bring Bricks
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  So Strong
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Bricklaying
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Teamwork
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Digging Diversion Channel
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Cement Mix
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Adding Cement
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Almost Done
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Winfred Khalumi
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Mud Latrine
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Jackline Lichuma
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Containers Used For Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  A Grandmother And Her Grandchildren
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Children
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Young Boy From The Village
The Water Project: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring -  Road Into The Village

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 150 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jul 2019

Functionality Status:  Water Flowing - Needs Attention

Last Checkup: 11/07/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



People in this community live as big families all on one big piece of land. Children live with their parents and also with their grandparents, who have their own homes built on the property. Many family chores are done united together, and they all share what they have including food. Extended family members are also welcomed to live with their relatives. In some families, both parents work to provide for the children while in others the women stay at home to do the house chores and take care of the children.

In Eshiasuli, people make a living mostly off of subsistence farming and casual labor. They also keep animals like goats and cows for domestic purposes. This benefits them with milk that can sometimes be sold to earn cash to solve a crucial need like school fees or a hospital bill in the family. The number of people who have reliable occupations is so low compared to the number of people who are mere casual laborers.

A Water Problem

It is common for women to fetch water first thing in the morning. No, they don’t walk to a kitchen sink or somewhere else in the home to find water. Their water is out in the community at Eshiasuli Spring, which is the main source of water for the 150 people living here. The water bubbles up to the surface and is open to contamination. To make water easier to gather, community members have fixed a plastic pipe to funnel water into their containers.

This water is brought back home and used to meet the family’s water needs, including drinking. But since the water’s dirty, it’s causing illnesses like typhoid.

“Our lives are in God’s hands when it comes to the issue of drinking water in this community. During the rainy season, it becomes even worse because the water becomes even dirtier. Our children have suffered most since they are much young and vulnerable,” said Mrs. Lichuma.

“Fetching water is a nightmare since one has to set aside too much time for it. If it was [properly] piped, it would be quicker and easier.”

Solution: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

“The sanitation and hygiene of this community are not encouraging. Many community members don’t actually understand the importance of good sanitation. You will find used utensils lying everywhere in a homestead with flies settling on them and dogs licking on them. There is a local saying here that as long as one has eaten, cleanliness is no big deal. This has seen us lose many people to diarrhea,” said Mrs. Khalumi.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Less than half of the households living around Eshiasuli Spring have their own pit latrine. Those without them share with their neighbors. Latrines are made of mud and are very difficult to clean.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


07/30/2019: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring Project Complete!

Eshiasuli Community now has clean water! Eshiasuli Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Smiles for flowing water!

Spring Protection

Eshiasuli Spring has been in existence for a long time – so long that even the community members don’t know when it came into existence. It has always been their main source of water. Community members use it during the rainy and dry seasons since it never goes dry.

Before protection, drawing water from the spring took several minutes since the water source wasn’t centralized in the ground. The community members at first were a bit skeptical about the idea of the spring being protected since they had received such promises from other groups before, but they had never been fulfilled. Keeping our word and following through with the spring protection revived the trust of Eshiasuli community members and their hopes were raised again.

Consuming dirty water, especially during the rainy season, has been the norm in this community for so long – but not anymore.

Fetching water

The Process

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Children carrying bricks to the spring construction site

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of plastic, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Bricklaying

Digging the drainage channel

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Adding cement

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a plastic membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

Camera shy

Mr. Patrick Makotswe, a farmer in the village, was very pleased with the protection of Eshiasuli Spring when we visited.

“This water point serves so many households and this change has meant a lot to many of us. Our children can now help in fetching water quickly, unlike before when they could waste so much time at the spring trying to fill a jerrycan,” he said.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud sanitation platform recipient

New Knowledge

Stanley Machanja, a farmer in Eshiasulu, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

The attendance at training was affected by the current rainy season, which meant that many community members were busy planting on their farms. On this particular Saturday, the weather was chilly due to the rains that had we had experienced the previous day and night.

The participants, having chosen the training to be held at the spring site, found it even hard to sit down on the ground due to the wetness. The sun later showed up through the clouds, however, and it became somewhat warm. The 12 people who did attend braved the cold and stayed for the whole training.

Eager handwashing participant

When we first unveiled the notebooks and writing utensils we typically used for training, some of the participants almost left stating that they were illiterate. It took the facilitator to explain that the training would benefit both the literate and illiterate since it had to do with the day to day lives of the community members.

The training was to educate them on the “do’s and dont’s” concerning their water and the maintenance of their water point. This caused them to stay and they then felt emboldened to participate fully in the training including the practical sessions.

Dental hygiene training

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Handwashing practice

While discussing the many and varied ways that water can become contaminated after it is collected from the source (known as the chain of contamination), there was quite a stir among the attendees. The community members got very active during this topic to inquire about the contaminants since poor handling of water has been their daily norm.

The information came as a shock and they realized that being keen on handling water properly would reduce their waterborne diseases. Practices we advised against included dipping dirty hands into clean water, storing water for more than three days, and using dirty containers to collect clean water.

Training complete!

Mr. Bernard Chibole, a farmer in Eshiasuli, shared his impression of the training with us at the end of the day.

“There are so many things concerning water handling that I have seen our mothers do for ages, not knowing that they have all been contributing to water contamination,” he said.

“Today I have learned a lot and will ensure that my wife, who did not attend this training, will get this knowledge.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 4-kenya19120-cooling-down


06/25/2019: Eshiasuli Community, Eshiasuli Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Eshiasuli Spring is making people in Eshiasuli Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to solve this issue by building a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the community profile and pictures we’ve posted, and learn more about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out soon with news of success!


The Water Project : 10-kenya19120-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Avana