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The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Crab Found At The Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Foundation Measurements
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Site Clearance
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Excavation
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Community Members Help Lay The Foundation
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Drainage Clearance
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Bricklaying
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Kids Help Pass Bricks
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Brick By Brick
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Banana Leaves Protecting New Cement
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Plastering Spring Headwall
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Plastering Rub Walls
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Soil Backfilling
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Kids Help Deliver And Plant Grass
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Sanitation Platform Drying
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Training Under Tree Shade
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Group Work
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Community Member Using Training Materials
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Community Member Responds To A Question
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Volunteer During Dental Hygiene Session
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Practice Brushing Teeth
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Site Management Training
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Happy Day At The Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Fresh Drink From The Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Having Fun
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  All Ages Enjoy Clean Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Having Fun
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  All Smiles
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Thumbs Up For Running Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  All Smiles
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Say Cheese
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Kids At The Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Full Of Giggles
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Hi From Shilangu Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Team Leader Catherine Chepkemoi Gives A Thumbs Up At Shilangu Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Spring Dedication
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Celebrating The Dedication Of The Spring
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Clothes Drying On A Fence
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Latrine Sample
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Water Containers By Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Wilson Shilangu
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Cow Grazing At Household
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Sugarcane Farm
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring -  Household

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 315 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Bung’onye is a rural part of Kakamega County where farming is the backbone of the community. It is a peaceful area bordering Kakamega Forest. The entire area is very green and there’s always a good breeze from the forest. Buildings here differ, for each household has included a personal touch. The majority are made of mud walls and iron sheet roofs.

Community members wake up early in the morning at 6 am. After breakfast, they prepare children for school and then do household chores before going to the farm. Chores include gathering firewood, picking up trash around the home, sweeping, and fetching water.

Fetching water is a big task. 315 people in Bung’onye rely on Shilangu Spring, using its water to meet all of their needs. It’s used for drinking, cooking, and cleaning to name a few. The issue is that though there’s plenty of water here, the water is dirty.

Community membered fixed a pipe in the ground where they found water coming out, which helps them siphon water into their containers. Yet there are opportunities for the water to get contaminated on the way to the discharge pipe. When it rains, farming fertilizers, animal waste, and extra dirt wash into the spring.

The water is poured into different barrels and pots depending on intended use. Clay pots are used for drinking water because community members say it keeps the water cooler. But after drinking this dirty water from the spring, people suffer from waterborne illnesses that keep adults away from making a living on the farm and children away from school.

According to Mr. Shilangu, waterborne and water-related diseases are the major cause of death in the community and it has arrested development in the area. Community members waste their resources on seeking medication rather than doing development. Protection of Shilangu Spring will bring a new dawn as people will not only get access to safe water but their living standards will also change.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

“The sanitation and hygiene situation here is terrible,” said Mr. Shilangu.

“As you have seen, we normally clean them once, even after two weeks because the floors are of wooden logs and therefore cleaning is only with ashes to avoid weakening these wooded logs. We will be grateful for your support on sanitation platforms.”

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


11/27/2019: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring Project Complete!

Bung’onye Community now has access to clean water! Shilangu Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Dedication ceremony at the spring

The community members are now happy having access to safe and clean water not only for drinking but also for general house chores. Initially, it was reported that drawing water from this spring was a challenge because it had a lot of silt. More so, during the rainy season community members used to complain of waterborne and water-related diseases. The water sample we collected before implementation indeed showed that the water was contaminated and not safe for human consumption. Now, all that has changed thanks to your help.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

At first, work had to be delayed for more than 5 days. This was because some community members who draw water from this spring had lost their loved ones. The unity of the community was to assist the bereaved families, hence they requested some days for the send-off ceremonies. Then, after the works commenced, there was also a challenge of rainfall which delayed the works further. But, we are happy to report that at the end of the tunnel, there was a light. Work came to completion through the efforts and unity of this community. While some were assisting the artisan, others were crushing huge rocks for backfilling, bringing materials to the construction site, and assisting with manual labor the whole time too.

Kids help pass bricks during construction

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Plastering inside of spring’s headwall

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

(To hear the dedication ceremony of this spring in memory of Vildana Pilica Radoncic, where community members share in their own words what this project means to them, check out the video on the Photo tab of this project page!)

“The new water point looks so attractive to the eye…Water from this source now is safe and clean for drinking. We are so grateful for your assistance. We have been having a lot of challenges on waterborne and water-related diseases which had drained our resources. It is our time now to see progress in all aspects of development,” said Mr. Wilson Shilangu, the spring’s landowner.

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud new owners of a sanitation platform

New Knowledge

Mr. Wilson Shilangu, a local farmer and landowner of the spring, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

The training was attended by only 13 participants. This was because most of the community members were harvesting while others were busy preparing their lands for the second season of planting. This turnout was lower than expected, but the participants who came were actively involved throughout the training session and the majority of them were already informed on water, sanitation, and hygiene issues. This was as a result of the training held at Sachita Spring, which is next to Shilangu Spring, where many of these community members attended training last spring.

Handwashing practice at training

The weather of the day was so good. It dawned bright and early in the morning. Since it was a cloudless day, the weather up to midday was sunny. We held our training at Mr. Shilangu’s homestead in the front yard under the shade of trees. The environment was conducive to learning due to the comfortable amount of space.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Group work activity

The session on the care and maintenance of the spring was very special. Though the works had not come to an end by the time of training, the topic was paramount. We took participants to the side of the spring where we made them familiar with the spring’s parts as well as the “do’s and don’ts” at the spring for the water point’s longevity.

The topic was made special by participants learning that care for the spring was not only meant for them but also for their generations to come. The facilitator urged them that since they are investing in their kids’ future, one of the most important investments is taking good care of the spring to enjoy during their lifetime.

Once we completed our training, from the remarks the community members gave we felt confident that the training had a positive impact on the community. They were admitting that they had been taking most of the things concerning sanitation and hygiene lightly, but that they were now ready to embrace good hygiene.

Thumbs up for clean running water

“The day’s training was a very informative one. We have learned a lot of what we were not aware of,” said Jonathan Mukaisi, a farmer in Bung’onye.

“The ball is on our side now and we need to take action on what we have learned. The teamwork will definitely achieve a goal…Working alone will mean you want [only your] own goal…which is to one’s disadvantage. Everyone in our village should own a clean sanitation facility for good hygiene in the area.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 33-kenya19128-happy-day


10/29/2019: Bung'onye Community, Shilangu Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Shilangu Spring is making people in Bung’onye sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 7-kenya19128-fetching-water


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

In memory of Vildana Pilica Radoncic