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The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Dangerous Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Where Dishes Are Washed
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Deina Konzolo
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Dirty Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Going To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Path To The Spring
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Tea Farm
The Water Project: Kapsambo Community, Muhingi Spring -  Community Children

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2019

Project Features


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Most people in the Kapsambo area are farmers, and the crops the harvest are their only source of income. They sell the crops in the local market and use the money to purchase household items and pay school fees for their children.

A day normally starts very early in the morning at 6 am when people wake up, eat their breakfast, carry farming tools like hoes, slashers, and pruning knives to head to the farms. After spending hours on their farms, community members wind up their day around 4 pm when they go back home.

But work on the farm is also disrupted or cut short. There is no clean water for the 320 people living in this part of Kapsambo. The nearest water source is Muhingi Spring, but it entirely open to the elements and human and animal activities.

The water is filthy. People suffer from waterborne illnesses after drinking the spring’s water.

People have to travel miles just to find clean water – an exhausting effort that takes a couple of hours.

Those “other [clean] water sources are very crowded, especially during the dry spells, so we end up consuming water from this source which has made many people, mostly children and women in this area, to be sick every now and then leading to incurring unplanned expenses” to get treatment, Mrs. Konzolo told us.

“I am happy to see that there is hope of our spring being protected,” she continued. “We as a community have been praying for a time like this when someone will come to our rescue, as we have really suffered from consuming unsafe water from this spring.”

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

“Many people do not take hygiene and sanitation so serious here, as they believe that when there are a few facilities that help promote sanitation and hygiene, they are relaxed without considering the practices that are required to facilitate the meaningful use of available facilities, like regular handwashing with soap, proper disposal of garbage, and disposal of human waste,” said Mrs. Muliango.

Training topics suitable for this community will be proper hygiene practices like handwashing with soap, proper use of hygiene facilities like clotheslines, dish racks, and garbage pits.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Latrines here are made of wooden floors, while some have iron sheet roofs while others don’t have roofs. They are swept daily using branches of trees with leaves without pouring water. Water cannot be used because wooden floors rot away when wet.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors