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The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Demonstrations Of Using Leaky Tins For Handwashing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Issuing Handouts With Covid Information To Participants
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Ongoing Training In Mulutondo Community
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Highlighting Key Points On The Chart
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Demonstration On Making A Homemade Mask
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Masinde Conducting Sensitization On Covid
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Mr Alemo Mounting The Chart Onto The Support Poles
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  A Handwashing Point In The Community
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Community Elder Leading Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Participants Attending Covid Sensitization
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Holding A Handout With Covid Information
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Mrs Masinde Demonstrating How To Make A Leaky Tin To Community Members At Mulutondo Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  A Child Following The Training
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Conducting Covid Sensitization At Mulutondo Community
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Installed Reminder Chart At The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Illustration On Proper Mask Wearing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Facilitators Using Reminder Charts At The Training
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Facilitator Conducting Sensitization
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Digging Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Site Clearance
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Foundation Measurements
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Site Excavation
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Community Helps Excavate
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Community Helps With Foundation
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Headwall Construction
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Cement Work
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Plaster Work
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Community Brings Stones For Backfill
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Backfilling With Plastic Tarp
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Building Fence
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Digging Cut Off Drainage Above Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Sanitation Slab Construction
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Sanitation Slab Construction
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Trainer Georgina Opens The Day
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Georgina Demonstrates Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Toothbrushing Volunteer
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Toothbrushing Volunteers
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Showing Off Gums Whil Brushing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Participants Imitate Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Participants Listen To Trainer Laura
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Showing Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Imitating Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Ten Steps Of Handwashing
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Laura Demonstrates Using A Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  All Done With Clean Hands
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Active Participation
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Elected Water Committee Leaders
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  New Sanitation Slab Owner
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  New Sanitation Slab Owners
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  New Sanitation Slab Owners
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Clean Water Flows At Mulutondo Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Thumbs Up For Flowing Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Smiles While Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Like Mother Like Daughter
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  United We Grow
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Shy Smiles At The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Enjoying A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Kids Enjoying The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Cooling Off
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Wow
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Pure Joy
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Smiles At The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Eyeing The Group
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Ready To Bring Clean Water Home
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Easy Filling Up
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Men Celebrate The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Thumbs Up For Flowing Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  A Child Fetching Water At The Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  A Family Carrying Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  A Latrine With Mud Walls
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  At The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Bathing Shelter Next To Latrine
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Goats
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Coooking Stove
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Cow
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Filling Containers With Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Firewood
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Goats
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Kitchen Structure
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Lifting Bucket Filled With Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Mulutondo Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Temporary Pipe Afixed To The Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Walking Through Fields With Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Walking With Water
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Water Loaded On Her Head
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Water Pools Behind Spring
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Woman And Goat
The Water Project: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring -  Young Girl Carries Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/05/2020

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Mubinga Community is a very peaceful and rural setting. The people here practice maize farming as the major cash crop, so it is a common sight to see the growing stalks across the landscape. While most people make a living selling their crops, some work as motorcycle or bike taxi drivers to make an income.

The buildings here are mixed. Many of the homes are mud-walled houses, but there are also some permanent cement buildings and homes scattered about the village.

An average day for a family in Mubinga begins at 6:00 am. They go to the farm after the children are off to school. The women will leave the farms at 1:00 pm to go and prepare lunch for the children and men. After resting a bit, the women go to the market at around 3:00 pm to sell and buy goods. People begin coming back home at 7:00 pm to prepare dinner and do other small house chores before they retire to bed at 9:00 pm.

For the 200 people here, Mulutondo Spring is the main water source. It is located near most of the homes since people here do not live too far from each other. The spring is located in an area with plenty of natural trees, but no eucalyptus that will threaten the water supply from the spring. People here report that this spring has been used by community members for more than 20 years.

While getting to the spring is easy, fetching water from it is not. The improvised discharge pipe is often swept away by water. And the water itself is not safe for drinking. It pools behind the discharge pipe before flowing out – leaving it open to contamination. As a result, people here are often sick due to waterborne infections caused by drinking this water.

“This is dangerous for us,” said Anastacia Khasungu, a 75-year-old farmer who uses the spring.

“We get sick most of the time because the water is not safe and we have no money for treatment. Life here is really hard.”

The lack of money has prevented people from addressing the problems caused by the spring. Ms. Khasungu explained that there has long been a desire to protect the spring, but the community is unable to come up with the money to pay for it. Some community members saw a nearby spring that we protected and they reached out to our teams to consider their spring.

The spring does not face issues during the dry season, meaning it is a good candidate for protection. Ms. Khasungu owns the land where the spring is located and agreed to continue to allow community members to access the spring after we are done with its protection.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a task carried by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least 2 days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance.

The facilitator plans to use Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST), Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

Training will result in the formation of a committee that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select 5 families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors. Training will inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, including bricks, clean sand, and gravel. The 5 families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


06/22/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Trainer Christine hands out informational pamphlets on COVID-19

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Mubinga, Kenya.

We trained more than 18 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Trainer Jacky leads homemade mask tutorial

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

– Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

– Proper handwashing technique

– The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

– Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Explaining prevention reminders chart

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

– Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

– What social distancing is and how to practice it

– How to cough into an elbow

– Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

– How to make and properly wear a facemask.

Handwashing demonstration

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Christine demonstrates how to make a leaky tin

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

A community member practices the 10 handwashing steps

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.


The Water Project : covid19-kenya19131-masinde-conducting-sensitization-on-covid


03/24/2020: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into place.

Mubinga Community now has access to clean water! Mulutondo Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, constructed 5 sanitation platforms for different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Women stand united at the spring

“As the Chair of this spring, I am very much pleased to have your organization reach us by helping us in this way. Our spring is now protected. Personally, I don’t go to fetch water, but now I am happy because all of the community members including my own family will now have access to clean and safe water,” said James Mudanya, who also serves as the community’s pastor.

James Mudanya (left) with another community member celebrating the spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, and women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help with the manual labor, too.

The Process

First, the spring area was cleared and excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Community members form an assembly line to pass concrete to the artisan working on the spring and stairs’ foundation

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Artisan cements and plasters the headwall

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. Then soil was layered on top of the tarp so that community members could transplant grass to prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced in. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Planting grass and working on the fencing over the spring box as clean water begins to flow

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Boys pose with the newly protected spring

This community was so excited to see their spring protected. They said that before spring protection, they used to have a lot of wrangles among themselves and especially among women because of misunderstandings at the water point. For example, the water would become dirty after just one person fetching it, so the next person could not fetch it immediately afterward and would have to wait. Some people could not easily understand this and thought it was done deliberately. This has now changed since the discharge pipe has been put in place.

Working together at the spring during construction and having different people cooking for the artisans has brought them back together, community members said. Some neighbors would not even talk to each other before due to their long-standing disagreements at the spring, but now that is no more. The women especially felt that it was important to form a self-help group, popularly known as the chama so that if any of them have challenges, they can come together as one. Water has brought back the peace in this community, we were told.

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

A father and children stand with their new sanitation platform

New Knowledge

Community member Andika Malenya Muyande helped organize the training in coordination with our team. Together we found the community’s preferred date for training while considering other events in the community calendar such as the agricultural season and expected gatherings. When the day arrived, Facilitators Laura Alulu and Georgina Kamau deployed to the site.

20 people attended training, including local leaders from the community, and church. Though this was a good turnout, some of the key community members who helped facilitate this project were busy at a funeral in the neighborhood and were not able to attend, though they insisted others receive the training even in their absence. The weather of the day was sunny, making it so favorable for training purposes.

Volunteers demonstrate toothbrushing to the group

The venue – a water user’s homestead – was also conducive for learning because people sat on chairs while a few sat down on the grass, and it was central to the attendees’ homes. The level of participation and involvement differed. One participant was extremely active, the team recounted, as she could openly answer all questions. She would also shut down someone if they pretended to say something that they were not practicing back at home. The young children who were there also sat down quietly and listened.

Training participants mimic the 10 steps of handwashing

We covered several topics including community participation in the project; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring and sanitation platforms; dental hygiene; the 10 steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the leaders of the newly formed water user committee.

The elected water user committee leaders stand proudly

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that can be used to start both a community savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring, as well as a cooperative lending group (a chama) to enable members to develop their own small businesses.

What made the personal and environmental hygiene sessions special were 2 things. First, as we walked around to check the homestead of the woman who was hosting the training, we found a homemade handwashing station outside her latrine. This was very good of her because it showed that good hand washing was practiced and she was able to serve proudly as an example to the group. Then, when training about handwashing, a six-year-old girl came in front to give a demonstration. She got most of the steps correct and was not afraid to show the rest of the participants. This was so amazing and it made the mature people feel so challenged. The girl was given several gifts both from the facilitator and other individuals who were touched by how she could do the demonstration so confidently and well.

Trainer Georgina pours water for the young volunteer demonstrating handwashing

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

“I am glad today for the knowledge that I have acquired. I used to do most things wrongly, like how I used to store drinking water was not the correct way. I would do this because sometimes I don’t get time but today I have been taught that I really don’t need so much time, I just need discipline on how to practice hygiene. Now that I am the mother of the home, I have to make sure that my family understands what was trained since my husband and children were not present for the training,” said Brenda Isimwa, who works as a local businessperson.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 46-kenya19131-like-mother-like-daughter


02/17/2020: Mubinga Community, Mulutondo Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Mulutondo Spring is making people in Mubinga sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya19131-fetching-water-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

SJR
Burt-Anderson