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The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Digging The Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Setting The Foundation
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Brick Laying Begins
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Spring Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Cement And Plaster Work
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Plaster And Tile Setting
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Backfilling With Stones And Plastic Tarp
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Fencing And Soil Backfilling
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Clean Water Begins To Flow
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Training Participants At The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Cleaning Demonstration
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Training Uphill Of The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Germ Transfer Demonstration By Shaking Hands
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Getting A Drink From The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Thumbs Up For A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Completed Shikuku Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Clean Water Flows From Shikuku Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Smiles At The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Splash
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Water Roars From Shikuku Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Splash
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Cooling Off At The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Refreshed By The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Girls Pose With The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Community Member With Field Officer Rose Serete
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Kids Celebrate The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Celebrating The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Community Members Celebrate The Well
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Posing With The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owner
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Walking To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Standing Outside Of Kitchen With Buckets For Collecting Rainwater
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Standing At Home
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Shikuku Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Maize Layed Out To Dry
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Homestead
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Garden
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Cow
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Carrying Water Up The Hill
The Water Project: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring -  Calf

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The water from Shikuku Spring is unsafe. The water is green in appearance, likely from the build-up of algae. Because it is open, children throw leaves and dirty bottles in the water, contributing to the contamination of the source.

Some of the community members opt to fetch water from a nearby river since the spring is not protected. To them, there is no difference between the water from the two sources. However, protecting Shikuku Spring will ensure that all 280 community members have access to safe water, which will reduce waterborne diseases.

“The problem forces us to drink dirty water which has brought us a lot of problems. We have suffered until we have no money to spend anymore,” said John Shinyaka, a local farmer.

Most people here, like John, make a living through agriculture. Some people will engage in employment in the nearby city of Kakamega and a few others will work as “boda boda” motorcycle taxi drivers.

Most households do not have latrines, nor do they have handwashing stations. This low level of hygiene and sanitation is in part due to the water problem faced by people living here.

Our teams say that the latrines they observed are dangerous because the floors are made of wood with a lot of spaces in between. They are also not cleaned regularly and no water is kept nearby.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


12/04/2019: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring Project Complete!

Mushina Community now has access to clean water! Shikuku Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Community member and Field Officer Rose Serete pose with the spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. The artisan leading the excavation was able to connect all of the spring’s eyes, redirecting the water into a temporary reservoir before it would be redirected to the 2 discharge pipes, chosen for the spring’s strong yield with all of the eyes. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipes were fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Brickwork begins at Shikuku Spring

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipes. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Plaster and cement work

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. This process took more stones than the community had originally mobilized due to the large area covered when the artisan connected all of the spring’s eyes. Eventually, however, they sourced enough stones and construction came to an end. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Adding thick plastic tarp over the stone backfilling

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. There was no formal ceremony other than that the community members prayed before immediately starting to fetch water.

“When I saw you people [for] the first time, I thought you were joking because it has been the trend in this county [to promise spring protection to no avail]. Thanks be to God – you said [it], and you have done it. [I] never knew that one day we shall be enjoying water. Just see what the Lord has done to us. May He do it to other communities,” rejoiced Beatrice Muyonga, a farmer and resident in this community.

Enjoying a cool-down splash at the spring

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud new sanitation platform owner with her son

New Knowledge

Keziah Alusiola, a local community member who works as a security officer, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

Some 17 people attended training, which was held just uphill of the spring under a tree for shade since it was very hot and sunny. The atmosphere was quite pleasant and was conducive to learning, helping to make the training a success. The attendance was not as expected since it rained the day before the training so some of the community members went to their farms to cultivate. For those who came, however, they were active the whole day, listening attentively and asking questions for clarification when needed.

Training

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Site management was a very important topic in this community. We discussed the importance of keeping the spring in good shape by cleaning up the area and repairing it when necessary. This topic felt special due to the commitment of the community members to share what they had learned with their neighbors, pledging that they would make sure the information was spread to those who could not attend training that day.

Cleaning demonstration at the spring

Leadership training was another vital topic in which the facilitator explained to the participants how to elect their water committee leaders by first brainstorming and evaluating the qualities of a good leader before coming up with their choices for candidates. Participants were able to then elect their water committee leaders and promised to never elect members based on their personal wealth.

“The training has been timely and we have gained important information from our facilitators. We thank the organization for finding time to come and give us long-awaited knowledge,” said Veronicah Indoshi, a young student in the village who attends the local primary school.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 33-kenya19132-celebrating-the-spring


11/06/2019: Mushina Community, Shikuku Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Shikuku Spring is making people in Mushina sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya19132-fetching-water-at-the-spring


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

SJR