Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 112 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/04/2024

Project Features

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Maondo village is a community where unity and cooperation are immediately evident. One of the first things we noticed when visiting Ambundo Spring to consider it for protection was a hand pump that allows people to send the water from the spring up the hill where it is located. The more than 100 people living here came together to buy the pump together so that they could all benefit from the water in the spring.

The community members who draw water from Ambundo Spring are very hardworking, noted our teams. They undertake various activities to make sure they boost their incomes. The pump helps support brickmaking in the community. People will make bricks that are then sold for construction work in the community and in the nearest city. The pump is time-saving and helps work to move quickly. The hand pump is also used during the dry season for irrigation and this ensures that everyone has food throughout the year - even if the rains fail.

However, the spring water is not safe for drinking. The water is contaminated by animal waste swept into the spring during the rainy season, soil erosion from uphill, and also human activities, such as fetching water using dirty containers.

The scarcity of clean water impacts the community. Children often suffer from diarrhea due to unclean water. Money is spent on medical treatments as a result of drinking the water, which hurts families already struggling with poverty.

"We are suffering each and every day, especially during the rainy season when it pours at night and morning - right when you need to fetch water," said Yvonne Ambundo, owner of the land where the spring is located.

"The water is dirty and if you do not have any money to pay for treatment you must either boil it or drink it as is. I have young children [who] will drink the water untreated if I am not around. They get sick from the water and that makes me sad."

While doing the baseline visit, it was clear that the community members are ready to see their spring protected since they already have started collecting materials and rocks for the intervention.

The spring has a lot of water which is not protected and serves a large population. It is located on Yvonne Ambundo's land. She allows other people to freely fetch water as they need it. The spring does not run dry during the dry season which means water will be available throughout day and night for people to access all year long. And better yet, the community members will not need to pay for it.

Maondo Community is in a rural setting where houses are grass-thatched. Some homes are made of iron sheet roofs with mud walls and floors. The area is away from the noise of passing cars, motorbikes, and loud music. It is very quiet and peaceful. The area is also very green and the vegetation is of both indigenous and planted trees which brings beauty to this community. The trees bring fresh air and also act as windbreaks during the onset of heavy rains. Most people make a living by selling farm produce like vegetables, by making and selling bricks, or doing day labor.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least 2 days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance.

The facilitator plans to use Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST), Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

Training will result in the formation of a committee that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select 5 families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors. Training will inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, including bricks, clean sand, and gravel. The 5 families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates

June, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Maondo Community, Ambundo Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Trainer Jacky fills a handwashing station with water

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Maondo, Kenya.

We trained more than 17 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Homemade mask tutorial

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Prevention reminders chart installed at the spring

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

March, 2020: Maondo Community, Ambundo Spring Project Complete!

Maondo Community now has access to clean water! Ambundo Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, constructed 5 sanitation platforms for different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Kids celebrate unity over the clean water

"The new water point has brought us together and brought peace which was destroyed by family issues. I take this opportunity [to thank] all who thought of us and decided to bail us through this. This water point will give us an opportunity to get clean and safe water which we have been yearning to have for the many years we have lived in this community. Diseases such as typhoid, diarrhea, and even cholera which we have experienced will no longer be heard of...I am therefore happy and pleased to thank each and everyone who ensured that the spring came to completion," said Rabecca Musungu, a local farmer.

Girls posing with the newly protected spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too. Despite some of the internal challenges and disagreements community members had with each other, they resolved to work together to ensure that they would have safe, clean water. Even when some of the original materials the community provided were rejected by the artisan due to poor quality, they worked together to source new materials and make sure the work would get done.

Community members carry large stones to the spring construction site

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Artisan sets the pipe in the spring's headwall

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Artisan plasters a rub wall and the stairs

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. Then soil was layered on top of the tarp so that community members could transplant grass to prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced in. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Planting grass inside the spring box fencing

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. During the official handing over of the project, the community members were indeed pleased and sang songs praising God. They then offered a thanksgiving prayer to God and asked Him to bless all the partners involved in this spring's protection as a sign of humbleness.

Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud new owners of a sanitation platform

New Knowledge

Community member Yvonne Ambundo, the spring's landowner, helped organize the training in coordination with our team. Together we found the community’s preferred date for training while considering other events in the community calendar such as the agricultural season and expected gatherings.

Learning the 10 steps of handwashing at training

15 people attended training, which was about the number we expected. There was no disturbance at all throughout the entire training session, helping the day run smoothly and successfully. The weather was very fine for it was hot and dry. The homestead hosting us had trees that provided shade, so the participants sat beneath the trees and this provided a good environment for learning. The participants were all attentive and this made it easy to teach and ensure all the members were learning what was taught. They were active by asking and answering questions that were raised.

Handwashing practice with Trainer Jemmimah pouring water

We covered several topics including community participation; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring and sanitation platforms; dental hygiene; the 10 steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the leaders of the newly formed water user committee.

Trainer Jemmimah leads site management training at the spring during construction

The site management session was one of the topics which made everyone active and ready to learn. We focused on the "Do's and Dont's" that would enable the community to sustain their spring in the long-term. What made this special was the fact that all of the "Dont's" were things currently practiced by the community members. Things like washing clothes from the spring were banned and so it happened that almost all the participants were in the habit of doing this. The group formulated a rule which stated that any individual found in this spring washing clothes will have to be punished by giving a fine of Kshs 300 ($3) which will be used to pay another community member to clear the drainage system as part of its regular maintenance.

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that can be used to start both a community savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring, as well as a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop their own small businesses. Food security was a special topic that lent itself to this conversation. In this session, we discussed the nutritional and economic advantages of many different African leafy vegetables including:

- Cowpea (kunde)
- Pumpkin leaves (seveve)
- Slender leaf (mitoo)
- Jute mallow (mrenda)
- Spider plant (saga/sageti)
- Amaranthas (terere/mchicha)
- Ethiopian kale (kanzira)
- African night shade (sucha/managu)
- Vine spinach (nderema)

Many attendees said they planted these vegetables and used them for household consumption, but they had not been growing them to sell. The trainer helped them understand that these can also help them earn income commercially. Many of the participants said growing these vegetables is an easy practice that they already do, so they agreed to work on growing some to sell to help improve their economic situation and earn a little income.

Kids make a waterfall of fresh drinking water from the spring

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

"I am pleased with the training that I have received because my entire life, I have been practicing agribusiness. The topic on food and nutrition has really helped me because during the rainy season we waste a lot of vegetables because they are many on the market. But from today, processing and packing of the leafy vegetables will be my work; when people sell theirs, I will wait for times of scarcity [to sell mine]. Together with the other topic that I did not know - about water management, pollution, and treatment that has been explained to me - I have learned a lot. I, therefore, thank the trainers who have taken their time to teach us," said Beatrice Schwob, a businessperson in the community.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

January, 2020: Maondo Community, Ambundo Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Ambundo Spring is making people in Maondo sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Maondo Community, Ambundo Spring

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Maondo Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Barbara. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Maondo Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Maondo Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

"Before the spring was protected, fetching water from it was a very tiring process for us with a lot of conflicts."

"Now, all I have to do is come and put my containers down and let them fill with water - no more conflict arising."

"This water point has helped me be a better manager of time because, now that everything has been simplified, I can quickly do house chores and get back to my studies."


Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Maondo Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Maondo Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Fick Supply Service Inc.
Good Hearts Club Band
Service Learning Ninjas Campaign for Water
1 individual donor(s)