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The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Girl Washing Clothes By The Spring
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Waiting To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Maize Used As Firewood
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Banana Trees
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Working At Household
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  07/31/2019

Project Features


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A day in Buhayi village begins early in the morning when children start preparing for school. Women ensure the house chores are done, including cleaning the compound, utensils, and animal pen. Water is fetched early in the morning so as to enable all other activities that need water. Also, early morning is the best time to work because the weather is still cool.

Other activities that fill the day are planting, cultivating, and harvesting crops. Farming is the common livelihood here. Vegetables, beans, and groundnuts are sold at the local market. Some families also have livestock and poultry so they can sell milk and eggs too.

But upon arrival at the water source the 175 people living here use, it was very clear that people are drinking dirty water. Nasichundukha Spring is at the bottom of a slope which means contaminants eventually wash in. Soil erodes into the water, nearby farming fertilizers wash down the slope when it rains, and people dunking their unwashed containers under the surface further contaminates the water.

When we visited, we found a girl washing her laundry uphill from the spring. These contaminants lead to illnesses like typhoid.

There are various negative consequences of safe water scarcity, which include loss of income or job due to illness. People miss out on earning income, going to school, and working the farm to feed their families. A lot of money is lost in treating these illnesses, and this affects the normal functioning of the family.

“My children have failed at times to attend school due to stomachaches. I felt sorry for the eldest son who missed an exam because of being hospitalized with diarrhea. This is very sad and this is only my family. What of the other families? This means that many people suffer and it’s only the protection of the spring that can rescue all of us,” said Mr. Sifuna.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Training

“I have been living in this community for quite some time, for about 15 years now. We have a problem with maintaining our sanitation and hygiene it is very poor. Many of my community members are very careless with the way hygiene is carried out, ignorance is why and we need to be enlightened. This will help in minimizing the rate at which our children are getting sick with diarrhea and stomachaches,” said Mrs. Wekulo in expectation of training.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Around half of the households using Nasichundukha Spring have a pit latrine of their own. Those who don’t have a good place to use the bathroom share with their neighbors, but those latrines aren’t always accessible. The latrines we were able to visit are made of mud and wood, which means they cannot be cleaned with water. Pouring water on the wood and mud floors compromises their integrity and endangers the user. There is a big chance of the pit latrine users falling through the floor to the pit.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors