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The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Spring Landowner Joseph Sifuna Wekesa And Field Officer Jemmimah
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Proud New Owner Of A Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Proud New Owner Of A Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Kids At The Spring
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Happy Filling Up
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Joy
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Smiles For Clean Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  All Squeezing In
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  All Smiles
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Stronger Together
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Celebratory Cool Down
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  A Celebratory Cool Down
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Finally Clean Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Happy Filling Up
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Smiles For Flowing Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Artisan Happy With His Work
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Field Officer Jemmimah Feels The Fresh Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members And Field Officers Share A Meal As Thanks
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members And Field Officers Share A Meal As Thanks
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Group Photo After Training
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Member Responds To A Question
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Member Leads An Activity
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Artisan Helps Lead A Topic At Training
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Field Officer Jemmimah Leads Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Trainer Laura Alulu In Action
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Site Management Training
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Artisan Helps Plant Flowers
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members Planting Grass And Building The Fence
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Assists The Artisan
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Helping Lay The Tiles
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members Help Pass Cement
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Plaster Work Continues
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Kids Deliver Water To The Artisan
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Smoothing The Rub Wall
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Adding The Stone Wall
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Brickwork Begins
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Cement Foundation Sets
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Artisans Chatting With Community Members
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Bug Community Turn Out To Help With Construction
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Girl Washing Clothes By The Spring
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Waiting To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Maize Used As Firewood
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Banana Trees
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Working At Household
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring -  Community Members

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



A day in Buhayi village begins early in the morning when children start preparing for school. Women ensure the house chores are done, including cleaning the compound, utensils, and animal pen. Water is fetched early in the morning so as to enable all other activities that need water. Also, early morning is the best time to work because the weather is still cool.

Other activities that fill the day are planting, cultivating, and harvesting crops. Farming is the common livelihood here. Vegetables, beans, and groundnuts are sold at the local market. Some families also have livestock and poultry so they can sell milk and eggs too.

But upon arrival at the water source the 175 people living here use, it was very clear that people are drinking dirty water. Nasichundukha Spring is at the bottom of a slope which means contaminants eventually wash in. Soil erodes into the water, nearby farming fertilizers wash down the slope when it rains, and people dunking their unwashed containers under the surface further contaminates the water.

When we visited, we found a girl washing her laundry uphill from the spring. These contaminants lead to illnesses like typhoid.

There are various negative consequences of safe water scarcity, which include loss of income or job due to illness. People miss out on earning income, going to school, and working the farm to feed their families. A lot of money is lost in treating these illnesses, and this affects the normal functioning of the family.

“My children have failed at times to attend school due to stomachaches. I felt sorry for the eldest son who missed an exam because of being hospitalized with diarrhea. This is very sad and this is only my family. What of the other families? This means that many people suffer and it’s only the protection of the spring that can rescue all of us,” said Mr. Sifuna.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Training

“I have been living in this community for quite some time, for about 15 years now. We have a problem with maintaining our sanitation and hygiene it is very poor. Many of my community members are very careless with the way hygiene is carried out, ignorance is why and we need to be enlightened. This will help in minimizing the rate at which our children are getting sick with diarrhea and stomachaches,” said Mrs. Wekulo in expectation of training.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Around half of the households using Nasichundukha Spring have a pit latrine of their own. Those who don’t have a good place to use the bathroom share with their neighbors, but those latrines aren’t always accessible. The latrines we were able to visit are made of mud and wood, which means they cannot be cleaned with water. Pouring water on the wood and mud floors compromises their integrity and endangers the user. There is a big chance of the pit latrine users falling through the floor to the pit.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


09/26/2019: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring Project Complete!

Buhayi Community now has access to clean water! Nasichundukha Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Community members in Buhayi were ready to get out of their comfort zones to get to work and see their spring protected. Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. Our team was impressed by various community members who brought bricks and fence poles without being paid, and by the committee that they had pre-chosen to ensure construction work and materials preparation would be done on time.

This leadership made it very easy, later on, to teach about leadership and governance, for already the community had chosen their leaders who were doing a wonderful job.

Many community members turned out to help with construction

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Artisan works on the rub wall; behind him, the 2 discharge pipes and headwall

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Community members assists by passing the tiles to the artisan

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. There were no delays experienced during the construction of this spring and this made the workflow easily.

“This is the best group that I have ever worked with,” said Field Officer Jemmimah Kasoha.

“Mobilization of materials was super [easy] and they showed the greatest level of unity and cooperation. A fence of strong trees was made and [they] also planted of grass. This was an activity that was done by both men and women who happily did [it] with great joy that they now have clean water. They went further and planted beautiful flowers which will make the spring neat and well kept as [a] live fence. They have also put [in] a huge cut-off drainage [trench] which will help in preventing soil erosion to the spring.”

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.  It was so humbling to hear community members speak blessings and they asked us to continue with the same heart of service to all. One member prayed and asked God to always protect us as we move from one place to another as we give many other people water.

“This water point was really in [a] bad state and we did not believe it [would] have this great look,” said Joseph Wekulo, a farmer in the community.

“We have suffered for quite some time because many people used to come and promised to protect it but in vain…Many of our children have had multiple days absent from school due to sicknesses, especially stomachaches, which we believe…came from this dirty water. Now [I] am a proud member who has got clean, safe, and sufficient water. We promise to take good care of it so we [can] drink clean and safe water always.”

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

Mr. Joseph Sifuna Wekesa was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for as the spring’s landowner he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

30 people attended training, with the majority being women but also including men and children. Attendance was strong and as expected. The training was held at Mr. Wekesa’s homestead, which is only 30 meters away from the spring. The weather was sunny and pleasant, and participants sat comfortably on plastic chairs under a tree. The training went well and even included some participants from other villages whom we had met during the construction process. The community members invited these guests to their training to learn more about the work that had been done, and to make connections for a possible future project in their community.

COmmunity member responds to a question during training

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The artisan joins the conversation at training

The whole session was very interactive. The participants were articulate and quick to ask and answer questions, despite some needing translators for they spoke neither English nor Kiswahili. This showed that the training was important to attendees and they were focused the whole day. People showed particular interest in handwashing, hygiene, and socio-economic empowerment.

Handwashing practice

During the site management portion of training, which was held at the spring itself, we asked for a demonstration of how the women typically mount and carry water on their heads. After they showed how they might put the container on the wing walls or the discharge pipe before getting it to their heads, we discussed why these practices were discouraged since they could damage the spring. Everyone agreed to do their best to avoid this method and to instead use the stairs or a friend’s help to get their water up.

Another thing that made this topic special was that the community members were so bright in understanding that the flowers they had planted were multi-purpose. They would help beautify the spring, but they would also create a more permanent live-fence should the wooden one they erected ever break or be taken down. This was excellent site management and should help maintain the long-term protection of the spring.

Training complete!

When discussing water use, one participant by the name of Nelson Mmusi asked if it is wrong to drink more water now that it is more easily available. Nelson explained that he typically drinks 4 liters in a day because of the heavy construction work he does. Many community members were amused at Nelson’s comments because some had never had even 1 glass of water a day. Nelson was one special case who already knew the real metabolic importance of taking enough water for the body.

“The topics taught are all touching me personally and [I] am happy that I will be able to pass the knowledge to my family and my neighbors who were not able to attend the training,” Nelson said. “[The training on the] steps of handwashing, leadership and governance, and food security will greatly change my life.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 31-kenya19141-stronger-together


09/05/2019: Buhayi Community, Nasichundukha Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Nasichundukha Spring is making people in Buhayi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 9-kenya19141-carrying-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)